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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 5:1

    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14




    King James Bible - 1 Peter 5:1

    The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

    World English Bible

    I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and who will also share in the glory that will be revealed.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 5:1

    The ancients therefore that are among you, I beseech, who am myself also an ancient, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ: as also a partaker of that glory which is to be revealed in
    time to come:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    The elders who are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4245 τους 3588 εν 1722 υμιν 5213 παρακαλω 3870 5719 ο 3588 συμπρεσβυτερος 4850 και 2532 μαρτυς 3144 των 3588 του 3588 χριστου 5547 παθηματων 3804 ο 3588 και 2532 της 3588 μελλουσης 3195 5723 αποκαλυπτεσθαι 601 5745 δοξης 1391 κοινωνος 2844

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Ac 11:30; 14:23; 15:4,6,22,23; 20:17,28 *Gr:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:1

    ¶ Ruego a los ancianos que estn entre vosotros, (yo anciano tambin con ellos, y testigo de las aflicciones del Cristo, que soy tambin participante de la gloria que ha de ser revelada):

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 5:1

    Verse 1. The
    elders which are among you] In this place the term presbuteroi, elders or presbyters is the name of an office. They were as pastors or shepherds of the flock of God, the Christian people among whom they lived. They were the same as bishops, presidents, teachers and deacons, Acts xiv. 23; 1 Tim. v. 17. And that these were the same as bishops the next verse proves.

    Who am also an elder] sumpresbuterov? A fellow elder; one on a level with yourselves. Had he been what the popes of Rome say he was-the prince of the apostles; and head of the Church, and what they affect to be-mighty secular lords, binding the kings of the earth in chains, and their nobles in fetters of iron; could he have spoken of himself as he here does? It is true that the Roman pontiffs, in all their bulls, each style themselves servus servorum Dei, servant of the servants of God, while each affects to be rex regum, king of kings, and vicar of Jesus Christ. But the popes and the Scriptures never agree.

    A witness of the sufferings of Christ] He was with Christ in the garden; he was with him when he was apprehended. and he was with him in the high priest's hall. Whether he followed him to the cross we know not; probably he did not, for in the hall of the high priest he had denied him most shamefully; and, having been deeply convinced of the greatness of his crime, it is likely he withdrew to some private place, to humble himself before God, and to implore mercy. He could, however, with the strictest propriety, say, from the above circumstances, that he was a witness of the sufferings of Christ.

    A partaker of the glory] He had a right to it through the blood of the Lamb; he had a blessed anticipation of it by the power of the Holy Ghost; and he had the promise from his Lord and Master that he should be with him in heaven, to behold his glory; John xvii. 21, 24.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. The elders which are among you I exhort , etc.] The apostle returns to particular exhortations, after having finished his general ones, and which chiefly concern patient suffering for Christ; and having particularly exhorted subjects to behave aright to civil magistrates, servants to their masters, and husbands and wives mutually to each other, here proceeds to exhort elders to the discharge of their office and duty; by whom are meant, not the elder in age, or the more ancient brethren in the churches, though they are distinguished from the younger, in ( 1 Peter 5:5) but men in office, whose business it was to feed the flock, as in ( 1 Peter 5:2) and though these might be generally the elder men, and whose office required, at least, senile gravity and prudence, yet they were not always so; sometimes young men, as Timothy, and others, were chosen into this office, which is the same with that of pastors, bishops, or overseers; for these are synonymous names, and belong to persons in the same office: and these are said to be among them, being members of the churches, and called out from among them to the pastoral office, and who were set over them in the Lord, and had their residence in the midst of them; for where should elders or pastors be, but with and among their flocks? they were fixed among them; and in this an elder differs from an apostle; an elder was tied down to a particular church, whereas an apostle was at large, and had authority in all the churches; and these the Apostle Peter does not command in an authoritative way, though he might lawfully have used his apostolic power; but he chose rather to exhort, entreat, and beseech, and that under the same character they bore: who also am an elder ; or, who am a fellow elder; and so the Syriac version renders it; and which expresses his office, and not his age, and is entirely consistent with his being an apostle; for though that is an higher office than a pastor, or elder, yet it involves that, and in some things agrees with it; as in preaching the word, and administering ordinances; and is mentioned to show the propriety and pertinency of his exhortation to the elders; for being an elder himself, it was acting in character to exhort them; nor could it be objected to as impertinent and unbecoming; and since he was still in an higher office, on which account he could have commanded, it shows great humility in him to put himself upon a level with them, and only entreat and beseech them; he does not call himself the prince of the apostles and pastors, and the vicar of Christ, as his pretended successor does, but a fellow elder: and a witness of the sufferings of Christ ; as he was even an eyewitness of many of them; of his exceeding great sorrow in his soul, of his agony and bloody sweat in the garden, and of his apprehension, and binding by the officers and soldiers there; and of the contumelious usage he met with in the high priest's hall, where was mocked, blindfolded, buffeted, and smote upon the face; if not of his sufferings on the cross; since it is certain John was then present; and quickly after we read of Peter and he being together, ( John 19:26 20:2) and therefore a very fit person to exhort these elders to feed the churches under their care with the preaching of a crucified Christ; since he, from his certain knowledge, could affirm his sufferings and his death: moreover, he was a witness, that is, a minister, and preacher of the sufferings of Christ, and of the doctrines of peace, pardon, justification, and salvation through them; as appears from all his sermons recorded in the Acts of the Apostles, and from these his epistles: and besides, he was a partaker of the sufferings of Christ; he bore witness to him, by suffering for him; and as the Apostle Paul did, filled up the afflictions of Christ in his flesh; he, with other apostles, were put into the common prison by the Jewish sanhedrim, for preaching Christ, as he afterwards was by Herod; and had, doubtless, by this time, gone through a variety of sufferings for the sake of Christ and his Gospel, as he afterwards glorified God by dying that death, which his Lord and master signified to him before hand; and therefore a very proper person to exhort these elders to discharge their work and office, and persevere in it, whatever they were called to suffer for it: and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed ; which some think has reference to the transfiguration of Christ upon the mount, where Peter was present, and saw the glory of Christ, and of those that were with him, Moses and Elias, and enjoyed their company, and heard their conversation with so much pleasure and delight, that he was for continuing there; and which was an emblem and pledge of the glory of Christ, that was afterwards to be revealed, and still is to be revealed, and so the Syriac version renders it, a partaker of his glory: of the glory of Christ, (see 1 Peter 4:13) or it regards the eternal glory and happiness of the saints, which is at present hid, and unseen, but shall be revealed at the last time, at the coming of Christ, when he shall appear in his glory, both to the saints, in them, and upon them; a glory which shall be both upon body and soul; and this the apostle calls himself a partaker of, as in Christ, his head and representative, and because of his interest in it, his assurance of right unto it, and meetness for it, and the certainty of enjoying it; nothing being more sure than this, that those that suffer with Christ, and for his sake, shall be glorified with him. Now, the exhortation of a person in such an office, as before expressed, and of one that was an eyewitness of Christ's sufferings, and had endured so much for Christ, and had had so large an experience of his grace, and such full assurance of glory, must carry great weight and influence in it, and is as follows.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-4 - The
    apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honou of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory tha shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, wer the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are als dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do his special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock an heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4165 5657 V-AAM-2P το 3588 T-ASN εν 1722 PREP υμιν 5213 P-2DP ποιμνιον 4168 N-ASN του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM επισκοπουντες 1983 5723 V-PAP-NPM μη 3361 PRT-N αναγκαστως 317 ADV αλλ 235 CONJ εκουσιως 1596 ADV μηδε 3366 CONJ αισχροκερδως 147 ADV αλλα 235 CONJ προθυμως 4290 ADV

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    1. Also an
    elder (sumpresbuterov). Only here in New Testament. Better, as Rev., fellow-elder. The expression is decisive against the primacy of Peter.

    Witness (martuv). The word is used in the New Testament to denote:

    (a) a spectator or eye-witness (Acts x. 39; 6;13).

    (b) One who testifies to what he has seen (Acts i. 8; v. 32).

    (c) In the forensic sense, a witness in court (Matt. xxvi. 65; Mark xiv. 63).

    (d) One who vindicates his testimony by suffering: a martyr (Acts xxii. 20; Heb. xii. 1; Apoc. ii. 13; xvii. 6).

    The first three meetings run into each other. The eye-witness, as a spectator, is always such with a view to giving testimony. Hence this expression of Peter cannot be limited to the mere fact of his having seen what he preached; especially since, when he wishes to emphasize this fact, he employs another word, ejpopothv (2 Pet. i. 16). Therefore he speaks of himself as a witness, especially in the sense of being called to testify of what he has seen.

    Partaker (koinwnov). This use of the word, expressing a present realization of something not yet attained, occurs in no other writer in the New Testament. See on 2 Pet. i. 4.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14


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