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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 5:3

    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14




    King James Bible - 1 Peter 5:3

    Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

    World English Bible

    neither as lording it
    over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 5:3

    Neither as lording it
    over the clergy, but being made a pattern of the flock from the heart.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Neither as being lords
    over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3366 ως 5613 κατακυριευοντες 2634 5723 των 3588 κληρων 2819 αλλα 235 τυποι 5179 γινομενοι 1096 5740 του 3588 ποιμνιου 4168

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (3) -
    Eze 34:4 Mt 20:25,26; 23:8-10 Mr 10:42-45 Lu 22:24-27

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:3

    y no como teniendo seorío sobre las heredades del Seor, sino de tal manera que seis ejemplos de la manada.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 5:3

    Verse 3. Neither as being lords
    over God's heritage] This is the voice of St. Pet. in his catholic epistle to the catholic Church! According to him there are to be no lords over God's heritage, the bishops and presbyters who are appointed by the head of the Church are to feed the flock, to guide and to defend it, not to fleece and waste it; and they are to look for their reward in another world, and in the approbation of God in their consciences. And in humility, self-abasement, self-renunciation, and heavenly-mindedness, they are to be ensamples, tupoi, types, to the flock, moulds of a heavenly form, into which the spirits and lives of the flock may be cast, that they may come out after a perfect pattern. We need not ask, Does the Church that arrogates to itself the exclusive title of Catholic, and do its supreme pastors, who affect to be the successors of Peter and the vicars of Jesus Christ, act in this way? They are in every sense the reverse of this. But we may ask, Do the other Churches, which profess to be reformed from the abominations of the above, keep the advice of the apostle in their eye? Have they pastors according to God's own heart, who feed them with knowledge and understanding? Jer. iii. 15. Do they feed themselves, and not the flock? Are they lords over the heritage of Christ, ruling with a high eeclesiastico-secular hand, disputing with their flocks about penny-farthing tithes and stipends, rather than contending for the faith once delivered to the saints? Are they heavenly moulds, into which the spirits and conduct of their flocks may be cast? I leave those who are concerned to answer these questions; but I put them, in the name of God, to all the preachers in the land. How many among them properly care for the flock? Even among those reputed evangelical teachers, are there not some who, on their first coming to a parish or a congregation, make it their first business to raise the tithes and the stipends, where, in all good conscience, there was before enough, and more than enough, to provide them and their families with not only the necessaries, but all the conveniences and comforts of life? conveniences and comforts which neither Jesus Christ nor his servant Peter ever enjoyed. And is not the great concern among ministers to seek for those places, parishes, and congregations, where the provision is the most ample, and the work the smallest? Preacher or minister, whosoever thou art, who readest this, apply not the word to thy neighbour, whether he be state-appointed, congregation-appointed, or self-appointed; take all to thyself; mutato nomine de TE fabula narratur. See that thy own heart, views, and conduct be right with God; and then proceed to the next verse.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 3. Neither as being lords
    over God's heritage , etc.] Or clergy; meaning not ecclesiastical persons, as presbyters, and deacons, who are supposed to be under the government of bishops, though not to be governed with tyranny, and in a haughty, imperious, and arrogant manner; to which sense the Arabic version inclines, rendering the words thus; not as those who domineer over such that are appointed in the dignities of the priesthood; but such cannot be designed, because they are presbyters, or elders, which are here exhorted not to use such tyrannical power and authority; wherefore the flock, or church of God, the people of Christ, and members of churches, in common, are here intended: the Ethiopic version renders it, his own people; who are the lot, portion, and inheritance of God, and Christ; and moreover, the several churches are the parts, portions, and heritages, for the word is in the plural number, which are assigned to the care of their respective pastors, and elders, in allusion to the land of Canaan, which was distributed by lot: the word clergy is common to all the saints, and not to be appropriated to a particular order of men, or to officers of churches; and these are not to be lorded over by their elders, in a domineering and arbitrary way; for though they are set over them in the Lord, and have the rule over them, and should be submitted to, and obeyed in their right and lawful ministrations of the word and ordinances, and are worthy of double honour when they rule well; yet they are not to take upon them an absolute authority over the consciences of men; they are not to teach for doctrines the commandments of men; nor to have the dominion over the faith of men, but to be helpers of their joy; and are not to coin new articles of faith, or enact new laws, and impose them on the churches; but are to teach the doctrines of Christ, and rule according to the laws he has given: but being ensamples to the flock . The Ethiopic version reads, to his own flock; that is, the flock of God; and the Vulgate Latin version adds, heartily; the meaning is, that they should go before the flock, and set an example to believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity; and be patterns of good works to them, and recommend the doctrines they preach, and the duties they urge, by their own lives and conversations; and particularly should be ensamples to the saints, in liberality and beneficence, in lenity and gentleness, in meekness and humility, in opposition to the vices before warned against.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-4 - The
    apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honou of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory tha shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, wer the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are als dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do his special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock an heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3366 ως 5613 κατακυριευοντες 2634 5723 των 3588 κληρων 2819 αλλα 235 τυποι 5179 γινομενοι 1096 5740 του 3588 ποιμνιου 4168

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    3. As lording it (katakurieuontev). See Matthew 20;25;
    Acts xix. 16. Other words are used for the exercise of legitimate authority in the church; proistamai, to be over (1 Thess. v. 12; 1 Tim. v. 17); poimainw, as ver. 2, tend. But this carries the idea of high-handed rule. Heritage (klhrwn). Plural. Klhrov means a lot. See on inheritance, ch. i. 4. From the kindred adjective klhrikov comes the English cleric, contracted into clerk, which in ecclesiastical writings originally signified a minister; either as being chosen by lot like Matthias, or as being the lot or inheritance of God. Hence Wycliffe translates the passage, "neither as having lordship in the clergie." As in the Middle Ages the clergy were almost the only persons who could write, the word clerk came to have one of its common modern meanings. The word here, though its interpretation is somewhat disputed, seems to refer to the several congregations - the lots or charges assigned to the elders. Compare proseklhrwqhsan, were added as disciples; A.V., consorted with (Acts xvii. 4). Rev. renders charge.

    Why not charges?

    Examples (tupoi). Peter uses three different terms for a pattern or model: uJpogrammov, a writing-copy (ch. ii. 21); uJpodeigma, for which classical writers prefer paradeigma, an architect's plan or a sculptor's or painter's model (2 Pet. ii. 6); tupov (see on ch. iii. 21), of which our word type is nearly a transcript. The word primarily means the impression left by a stroke (tuptw, to strike). Thus John xx. 25, "the print of the nails." Used of the stamp on coin; the impression of any engraving or hewn work of art; a monument or statue; the figures of the tabernacle of Moloch and of the star Remphan (Acts vii. 43). Generally, an image or form, always with a statement of the object; and hence the kindred meaning of a pattern or model. See Acts xxiii. 25; Rom. v. 14; Philip. iii. 17; Heb. viii. 5.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14


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