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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 5:2

    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14




    King James Bible - 1 Peter 5:2

    Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

    World English Bible

    Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, exercising the oversight, not under compulsion, but voluntarily, not for dishonest gain, but willingly;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 5:2

    Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking care of it, not by constraint, but willingly, according to God: not for filthy lucre's sake, but voluntarily:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight of it, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but from a ready mind;

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4165 5657 το 3588 εν 1722 υμιν 5213 ποιμνιον 4168 του 3588 θεου 2316 επισκοπουντες 1983 5723 μη 3361 αναγκαστως 317 αλλ 235 εκουσιως 1596 μηδε 3366 αισχροκερδως 147 αλλα 235 προθυμως 4290

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (2) -
    So 1:8 Isa 40:11 Eze 34:2,3,23 Mic 5:4; 7:14 Joh 21:15-17

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:2

    Apacentad la manada de Dios que est entre vosotros, teniendo cuidado de ella, no por fuerza, sino voluntariamente; no por ganancia vergonzosa; sino con nimo pronto;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 5:2

    Verse 2.
    Feed the flock] Do not fleece the flock.

    Taking the oversight] episkopountev? Discharging the office of bishops or superintendents. This is another proof that bishop and presbyter were the same order in the apostolic times, though afterwards they were made distinct.

    Not by constraint] The office was labourious and dangerous, especially in these times of persecution; it is no wonder then that even those who were best qualified for the office should strive to excuse themselves with a genuine Nolo episcopari, "I am unwilling to be a bishop." Not for filthy lucre] Could the office of a bishop, in those early days, and in the time of persecution, be a lucrative office? Does not the Spirit of God lead the apostle to speak these things rather for posterity than for that time? See the notes on 1 Tim. iii. 3.

    But of a ready mind] Doing all for Christ's sake, and through love to immortal souls.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 2. Feed the flock of God which is among you , etc.] Some read, as much as in you is; that is, to the utmost of your power, according to your abilities, referring to the manner of feeding the flock, doing it in the best way they are capable of; but the phrase is rather descriptive of the flock to be fed, which points it out, and distinguishes it from all others, and for which they should have a particular regard; it being the flock, as the Syriac version renders it, which is delivered unto you; which was committed to their care, and they were made overseers of, and stood in a special relation to; wherefore it was incumbent on them to regard them, so as they did not, and were not obliged to regard, any other distinct flock: by the flock of God; or, of Christ, as some copies read, is meant, not the whole world, which Philo the Jew calls the greatest and most perfect, tou ontov yeou poimhn , flock of the true God; but the church of God, over which they were elders or pastors, consisting of Christ's sheep and lambs, he ordered Peter to feed, as he now does his fellow elders; and because they are the flock of God, which he has chosen, distinguished, and separated from the rest of the world, and has made the care and charge of Christ; put them into his hands, whence they are called the sheep of his hand; which he has purchased with his blood, and effectually called by his grace, and returned them to himself, the Shepherd and Bishop of souls, who before were as sheep going astray, and folded them together in a Gospel church state; all this is a reason, and a strong one, why they should be fed; not with every wind of doctrine, which blows up the pride of human nature, and swells men with vain conceits of themselves; nor with the chaff of human doctrines; nor with trifling and speculative notions; but with knowledge and understanding of divine and evangelical truths, with the words of faith and sound doctrine, with the wholesome words of our Lord Jesus Christ; with the Gospel of the grace of God, which contains milk for babes, and meat for strong men; and with a crucified Christ himself, who is the bread of life, and whose flesh is meat indeed, and his blood drink indeed; by directing them to his person, blood, and righteousness, to live by faith on; by preaching the doctrines of peace and pardon by his blood, atonement and satisfaction by his sacrifice, and justification by his righteousness, and complete salvation by his obedience and death: in short, feeding includes the whole of the pastor's work, the ministry of the word, the administration of ordinances, and the rule and government of the church, in the several branches of it; for the same word signifies to rule as to feed; and which work is further expressed by taking the oversight thereof ; that is, of the flock; or take the care of it, as the Syriac version renders it, and adds, spiritually; in a spiritual manner; which is an interpretation of the phrase: an acting the part of a bishop or overseer of it, as the word signifies; looking diligently to it, inspecting into the various cases of the members of the church; using diligence to know the state of the flock, and performing all the offices of a careful shepherd; as feeding the flock; and not themselves; strengthening the diseased; healing the sick; binding up that which was broken; bringing again that which was driven away, and seeking that which was lost; watching over them that they go not astray; and restoring of them in the spirit of meekness, when they are gone out of the way; and overlooking both their practices and their principles; admonishing, reproving them for sin, as the case requires; and preserving them, as much as in them lies, from wolves, and beasts of prey; from false teachers, and from all errors and heresies: all which is to be done, not by constraint ; or with force, in a rigorous and severe manner; for this may be understood actively of pastors not forcing their flock, over driving them, or ruling them with force and cruelty, complained of in ( Ezekiel 34:4) or passively, of their being forced to feed the flock, and superintend it; as such may be said to be, who enter into the ministry, and continue in it, because obliged to it for want of a livelihood, and not knowing how to get one any other way; or through the pressing instances of relations, acquaintance, and friends; this ought not to be a matter of necessity, but of choice; they should be induced to it by no other necessity than what Christ has laid upon them, by calling them to the work, and furnishing them for it with the gifts of his Spirit; and should engage and continue in it by no other constraint than that of his love; wherefore it follows, but willingly . The Vulgate Latin version adds, according to God, and so some copies; according to the will of God, and agreeably to his word; and the Ethiopic version renders it, with equity for God; with all uprightness and integrity, for the sake of the honour and glory of God; this should be done with all a man's heart and soul, and should spring from pure love to Christ; for no man is fit to feed Christ's lambs and sheep but those who sincerely love him; (see John 21:15-17), and from a cordial and affectionate concern for the good of souls; and from, an hearty desire unto, and delight in, the work itself; otherwise all he does will be as a task and burden; he will do it grudgingly, and with negligence, and will murmur under it, at least secretly. The Arabic version renders it, watching, not forced watches, but willing ones. This contrast of phrases seems to be Jewish, or Rabbinical f93 ; it is a tradition of the Rabbans; blood which is defiled, and they sprinkle it ignorantly, it is accepted; presumptuously, not accepted; of what things are these said? of a private person; but of a congregation, whether ignorantly or presumptuously, it is accepted; and of a stranger, whether ignorantly or presumptuously, wxrb yb snwab yb , whether by constraint or willingly, it is not accepted: it follows here, not for filthy lucre ; not from a covetous disposition, which is a filthy one; and for the sake of gaining money, and amassing wealth and riches, as the false prophets in Isaiah's time, who were never satisfied; and the false teachers in the apostle's time, who, through covetousness, made merchandise of men, and supposed that gain was godliness; whereas there is no such thing as serving God and mammon; and as the work of the ministry should not be entered upon, and continued in, with any such sordid view; so neither for the sake of gaining glory and applause, a presidency, and chief place in the churches, and a name among the ministers of the Gospel, and credit and esteem among men: but of a ready mind ; or, from the whole heart, as the Syriac version renders it; and in a cheerful view of reproaches and persecutions, of the loss of credit and reputation, of worldly substance, and of life itself; and with a sincere concern for the glory of God, and the good of immortal souls; being ready to do everything with cheerfulness, that may contribute to either of these. The Ethiopic version renders it, in the fulness of your heart with joy.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-4 - The
    apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honou of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory tha shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, wer the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are als dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do his special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock an heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4165 5657 το 3588 εν 1722 υμιν 5213 ποιμνιον 4168 του 3588 θεου 2316 επισκοπουντες 1983 5723 μη 3361 αναγκαστως 317 αλλ 235 εκουσιως 1596 μηδε 3366 αισχροκερδως 147 αλλα 235 προθυμως 4290

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    Feed (poimanate). Better, Rev., tend, since the verb denotes all that is included in the office of a shepherd - guiding, guarding, folding, no less than feeding, which latter is expressed by boskw. There is, doubtless, a reminiscence in the word of Christ's charge to Peter (John xxi. 15-17). Both words are used there: "Feed (boske) my lambs" (ver. 15); "tend (poimaine) my sheep" (ver. 16); "feed (boske) my sheep" (ver. 17). The A.V. obliterates the distinction by rendering all three feed. Bengel rightly remarks, "Feeding is part of tending." See on Matt. ii. 6.

    Taking the oversight. The best texts omit. Rev. retains.

    By constraint (anagkastwv). Only here in New Testament.

    Willingly (ekousiwv). Only here and Heb. x. 26.

    For filthy lucre (eiscrokerdwv). From aijscrov, disgraceful, and kerdov, gain. Only here in New Testament. The word filthy is intended to convey the idea which lies in aijscrov, base or dishonorable; becoming such if it is made the motive of the minister's service. Compare 2 Corinthians xii. 14.

    Willingly (proqumwv). Not strong enough. The word is compounded of pro, forward, and qumov, heart or spirit. Hence Rev., with a ready mind; a forward spirit; denoting not mere willingness, but zeal. Only here in New Testament. Compare the kindred adjective proqumov, ready (Romans i. 15; Matt. xxvi. 41; Mark xiv. 38), and the kindred noun proqumia, readiness (2 Cor. viii. 11, 12, 19; ix. 2).

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14


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