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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Timothy 6:20


    CHAPTERS: 1 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

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    King James Bible - 1 Timothy 6:20

    O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:

    World English Bible

    Timothy, guard that which is committed to you, turning away from the empty chatter and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Timothy 6:20

    O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding the profane novelties of
    words, and oppositions of knowledge falsely so called.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of
    science falsely so called;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ω
    5599 τιμοθεε 5095 την 3588 παρακαταθηκην 3872 φυλαξον 5442 5657 εκτρεπομενος 1624 5734 τας 3588 βεβηλους 952 κενοφωνιας 2757 και 2532 αντιθεσεις 477 της 3588 ψευδωνυμου 5581 γνωσεως 1108

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (20) -
    :11 2Ti 2:1

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 6:20

    Oh Timoteo, guarda lo que se te ha encomendado, y apartase de las voces profanas de vanas cosas, y los argumentos del vano nombre de ciencia;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 6:20

    Verse 20. O Timothy, keep that which is
    committed to thy trust] This is another repetition of the apostolic charge. (See chap. i. 5, 18, 19; iv. 6, 7,14, 15, 16; v. 21; vi. 13.) Carefully preserve that doctrine which I have delivered to thee. Nothing can be more solemn and affectionate than this charge.

    Avoiding profane and vain babblings] See on chap. i. 4, and iv. 7.

    And oppositions of science falsely so called] kai antiqeseiv thv yeudwnumou gnwsewv? And oppositions of knowledge falsely so named.

    Dr. Macknight's note here is worthy of much attention: "In the enumeration of the different kinds of inspiration bestowed on the first preachers of the Gospel, 1 Cor. xii. 8, we find the word of knowledge mentioned; by which is meant that kind of inspiration which gave to the apostles and superior Christian prophets the knowledge of the true meaning of the Jewish Scriptures. This inspiration the false teachers pretending to possess, dignified their misinterpretations of the ancient Scriptures with the name of knowledge, that is, inspired knowledge; for so the word signifies, 1 Cor. xiv. 6. And as by these interpretations they endeavoured to establish the efficacy of the Levitical atonements, the apostle very properly termed these interpretations oppositions of knowledge, because they were framed to establish doctrines opposite to, and subversive of, the Gospel. To destroy the credit of these teachers, he affirmed that the knowledge from which they proceeded was falsely called inspired knowledge; for they were not inspired with the knowledge of the meaning of the Scriptures, but only pretended to it." Others think that the apostle has the Gnostics in view. But it is not clear that these heretics, or whatever they were, had any proper existence at this time. On the whole, Dr. Macknight's interpretation seems to be the best.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 20. Keep that which is committed to thy trust , etc.] That is, the Gospel, (see 1 Timothy 1:11) which is a rich treasure put into earthen vessels, and ought to be kept pure and uncorrupt, and faithfully dispensed, and diligently preserved, that so it may be continued genuine and sincere, and not be either adulterated and depraved, or be taken away by false teachers. And it may also include his gifts for the ministration of it, which were to be kept in use, and stirred up, and not neglected, but cultivated and improved to the advantage of the church, and of the interest of Christ: avoiding profane and vain babblings ; about the law, and circumcision, and other things, which the false teachers insisted much on, and amused their hearers with; and which were vain, empty, useless, and unprofitable talk.

    Some copies, and so the Vulgate Latin version, read, profane newnesses of words; or new words, which ought not to be introduced, for they often bring in new doctrines: the form of sound words, the wholesome words, the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, the words which the Holy Ghost teacheth, should be held fast; and especially all new words should be avoided, which are contrary to them, or in the least weaken them, or detract from them. And oppositions of science falsely so called ; the false teachers boasted of their science and knowledge, but it was not true, solid, spiritual, and saving; it was not an experimental knowledge of the Gospel; it was not the excellent knowledge of Christ, which has eternal life connected with it; it was merely notional and speculative; it was idle, empty, and useless, mere Pagan philosophy, and vain deceit, upon which they formed antitheses, or oppositions and objections to the truths of the Gospel; and even opposed themselves, and the word of God, as well as the faithful ministers of it.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 17-21 - Being rich in this world is wholly different from being rich toward God. Nothing is more uncertain than worldly wealth. Those who are rich must see that God gives them their riches; and he only can give to enjoy them richly; for many have riches, but enjoy them poorly, no having a heart to use them. What is the best estate worth, more than a it gives opportunity of doing the more good? Showing faith in Christ by fruits of love, let us lay hold on eternal life, when the self-indulgent, covetous, and ungodly around, lift up their eyes in torment. That learning which opposes the truth of the gospel, is no true science, or real knowledge, or it would approve the gospel, an consent to it. Those who advance reason above faith, are in danger of leaving faith. Grace includes all that is good, and grace is a earnest, a beginning of glory; wherever God gives grace, he will giv glory __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


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    5599 τιμοθεε 5095 την 3588 παρακαταθηκην 3872 φυλαξον 5442 5657 εκτρεπομενος 1624 5734 τας 3588 βεβηλους 952 κενοφωνιας 2757 και 2532 αντιθεσεις 477 της 3588 ψευδωνυμου 5581 γνωσεως 1108

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    20. That which is
    committed to thy trust (thn paraqhkhn). Only in Pastorals. Comp. 2 Tim. i. 12, 14. From para beside or with, and tiqenai to Place. It may mean either something put beside another as an addition or appendix (so Mark. vi. 41; Acts xvi. 34), or something put with or in the keeping of another as a trust or deposit. In the latter sense always in LXX. See Lev. vi. 2, 4; Tob. x. 13; II Macc. iii. 10, 15. Hdt. vi. 73, of giving hostages; ix. 45, of confidential words intrusted to the hearer's honor. The verb is a favorite with Luke. The meaning here is that teaching which Timothy had received from Paul; the "sound words" which he was to guard as a sacred trust, and communicate to others.

    Vain babblings (kenofwniav). Only in Pastorals. o LXX, o Class. From kenov empty and fwnh voice.

    Oppositions of science falsely so called (aniqeseiv thv yeudwnumou gnwsewv) Better, oppositions of the falsely-named knowledge. Antiqesiv, N.T.o . o LXX. Used here, in its simple sense, of the arguments and teachings of those who opposed the true Christian doctrine as intrusted to Timothy. Gnwsiv knowledge was the characteristic word of the Gnostic school, the most formidable enemy of the church of the second century. The Gnostics claimed a superior knowledge peculiar to an intellectual caste. According to them, it was by this philosopllic insight, as opposed to faith, that humanity was to be regenerated. faith was suited only to the rude masses, the animal-men. The intellectual questions which occupied these teachers were two: to explain the work of creation, and to account for the existence of evil. Theil ethical problem was how to develop the higher nature in the environment of matter which was essentially evil. In morals they ran to two opposite extremes - asceticism and licentiousness. The principal representatives of the school were Basilides, Valentinus, and Marcion. Although Gnosticism as a distinct system did not reach its full development until about the middle of the second century, foreshadowings of it appear in the heresy at which Paul's Colossian letter was aimed. It is not strange if we find in the Pastoral Epistles allusions pointing to Cxnostic errors; but, as already remarked, it is impossible to refer these allusions to any one definite system of error. The word gnwsiv cannot therefore be interpreted to mean the Gnostic system; while it may properly be understood as referring to that conceit of knowledge which opposed itself to the Christian faith. Yeudwnumov falsely-named, N.T.o . o LXX. It characterises the gnwsiv as claiming that name without warrant, and as being mere vain babbling. Comp. Colossians ii. 8.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    6:20 {Guard that which is committed unto thee} (ten paraqeken fulaxon). "Keep (aorist of urgency) the deposit." paraqeken (from paratiqemi, to place beside as a deposit, #2Ti 2:2), a banking figure, common in the papyri in this sense for the Attic parakataqeke (Textus Receptus here, #2Ti 1:12,14). See substantive also in #2Ti 1:12,14. {Turning away from} (ektrepomenos). Present middle participle of ektrepw, for which see #1:6; 5:15. {Babblings} (kenofwnias). From kenofwnos, uttering emptiness. Late and rare compound, in N.T. only here and #2Ti 2:16. {Oppositions} (antiqeseis). Old word (anti, qesis), antithesis, only here in N.T. {Of the knowledge which is falsely so called} (tes yeudwnumou gnwsews). "Of the falsely named knowledge." Old word (yeudes, onoma). Our "pseudonymous." Only here in N.T.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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