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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Corinthians 4:2


    CHAPTERS: 2 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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    King James Bible - 2 Corinthians 4:2

    But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.

    World English Bible

    But we have renounced the
    hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by the manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Corinthians 4:2

    But we renounce the
    hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor adulterating the word of God; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience, in the sight of God.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    But have renounced the
    hidden things of dishonesty; not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but, by manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    αλλ
    235 CONJ απειπαμεθα 550 5639 V-2AMI-1P τα 3588 T-APN κρυπτα 2927 A-APN της 3588 T-GSF αισχυνης 152 N-GSF μη 3361 PRT-N περιπατουντες 4043 5723 V-PAP-NPM εν 1722 PREP πανουργια 3834 N-DSF μηδε 3366 CONJ δολουντες 1389 5723 V-PAP-NPM τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM αλλα 235 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF φανερωσει 5321 N-DSF της 3588 T-GSF αληθειας 225 N-GSF συνιστωντες 4921 5723 V-PAP-NPM εαυτους 1438 F-3APM προς 4314 PREP πασαν 3956 A-ASF συνειδησιν 4893 N-ASF ανθρωπων 444 N-GPM ενωπιον 1799 ADV του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (2) -
    1Co 4:5

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:2

    antes quitamos de nosotros todo escondrijo de vergenza, no andando con astucia, ni adulterando la palabra de Dios, sino en manifestacin de la verdad, encomendndonos a nosotros mismos a toda conciencia humana delante de Dios.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Corinthians 4:2

    Verse 2. But have
    renounced] apeipameqa? We have disclaimed the hidden things of dishonesty; ta krupta thv aiscunhv, the hidden things of shame; those things which wicked men do; and which they are ashamed to have known, and ashamed to own. Dr. Whitby thinks that the apostle refers to carnal abominations, of which the Jews and their rabbins were notoriously guilty. And it does appear from the first epistle that there were persons in Corinth who taught that fornication was no sin; and it appears also that several had taken the part of the incestuous person.

    Not walking in craftiness] panourgia? In subtlety and clever cunning, as the false teachers did, who were accomplished fellows, and capable of any thing. The word is compounded of pan, all, and ergon, work.

    Nor handling the word of God deceitfully] Not using the doctrines of the Gospel to serve any secular or carnal purpose; not explaining away their force so as to palliate or excuse sin; not generalizing its precepts so as to excuse many in particular circumstances from obedience, especially in that which most crossed their inclinations. There were deceitful handlers of this kind in Corinth, and there are many of them still in the garb of Christian ministers; persons who disguise that part of their creed which, though they believe it is of God, would make them unpopular, affecting moderation in order to procure a larger audience and more extensive support; not attacking prevalent and popular vices; calling dissipation of mind, relaxation; and worldly and carnal pleasures, innocent amusements, &c. In a word, turning with the tide, and shifting with the wind of popular opinion, prejudice, fashion, &c.

    But by manifestation of the truth] An open, explicit acknowledgment of what we know to be the truth-what we are assured is the Gospel of Jesus; concealing nothing; blunting the edge of no truth; explaining spiritual things, not in the words of man's wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit of God.

    Commending ourselves to every man's conscience] Speaking so that every man's conscience shall bear its testimony that we proclaim the truth of God. This is one characteristic of Divine truth: even every man's conscience will acknowledge it, though it speak decidedly against his own practices.

    In the sight of God.] Whose eye is ever on the heart and conscience of man, and who always bears testimony to his own word.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 2. But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty , etc..] Or shame; this is a further account of the conduct of the first ministers of the Gospel, and very worthy of our imitation, and in which the apostle strikes at the different manner of behaviour in the false apostles: this may respect both doctrine and practice; they abhorred and rejected everything that was scandalous and reproachful to the Gospel of Christ; in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, they had their conversation in the world; they were open and above board, both in principle and practice; the same men in public, as in private; they used no art to cover their doctrines, or hide their conversations; everything of this kind was detestable to them; whereas the false teachers took a great deal of pains to colour over both their sentiments and their lives; and a shame it was to speak of the things that were done of them in secret, ( Ephesians 5:12). Moreover, they were not walking in craftiness ; they used no sly and artful methods to please men, to gain applause from them, or make merchandise of them; they did not lie in wait to deceive, watching an opportunity to work upon credulous and incautious minds; they did not, by good words and fair speeches, deceive the hearts of the simple; nor put on different forms, or make different appearances, in order to suit themselves to the different tempers and tastes of men, as did the false apostles: not handling the word of God deceitfully . They did not corrupt it with human doctrines, or mix and blend it with philosophy, and vain deceit; they did not wrest the Scriptures to serve any carnal or worldly purpose; nor did they accommodate them to the lusts and passions of men; or conceal any part of truth, or keep back any thing which might be profitable to the churches: but by the manifestation of the truth, commending themselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God ; that is, they with all plainness and evidence clearly preached the truth as it is in Jesus, presenting it to, and pressing it upon the consciences of men; where they left it, and to which they could appeal; and all this they did, in the sight and presence of the omniscient God, to whom they knew they must give an account of themselves and their ministry.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-7 - The
    best of men would faint, if they did not receive mercy from God And that mercy which has helped us out, and helped us on, hitherto, we may rely upon to help us even to the end. The apostles had no base an wicked designs, covered with fair and specious pretences. They did no try to make their ministry serve a turn. Sincerity or uprightness wil keep the favourable opinion of wise and good men. Christ by his gospe makes a glorious discovery to the minds of men. But the design of the devil is, to keep men in ignorance; and when he cannot keep the ligh of the gospel of Christ out of the world, he spares no pains to kee men from the gospel, or to set them against it. The rejection of the gospel is here traced to the wilful blindness and wickedness of the human heart. Self was not the matter or the end of the apostles preaching; they preached Christ as Jesus, the Saviour and Deliverer who saves to the uttermost all that come to God through him. Minister are servants to the souls of men; they must avoid becoming servants to the humours or the lusts of men. It is pleasant to behold the sun in the firmament; but it is more pleasant and profitable for the gospel to shine in the heart. As light was the beginning of the first creation so, in the new creation, the light of the Spirit is his first work upo the soul. The treasure of gospel light and grace is put into earthe vessels. The ministers of the gospel are subject to the same passion and weaknesses as other men. God could have sent angels to make know the glorious doctrine of the gospel, or could have sent the mos admired sons of men to teach the nations, but he chose humbler, weake vessels, that his power might be more glorified in upholding them, an in the blessed change wrought by their ministry.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    αλλ
    235 CONJ απειπαμεθα 550 5639 V-2AMI-1P τα 3588 T-APN κρυπτα 2927 A-APN της 3588 T-GSF αισχυνης 152 N-GSF μη 3361 PRT-N περιπατουντες 4043 5723 V-PAP-NPM εν 1722 PREP πανουργια 3834 N-DSF μηδε 3366 CONJ δολουντες 1389 5723 V-PAP-NPM τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM αλλα 235 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF φανερωσει 5321 N-DSF της 3588 T-GSF αληθειας 225 N-GSF συνιστωντες 4921 5723 V-PAP-NPM εαυτους 1438 F-3APM προς 4314 PREP πασαν 3956 A-ASF συνειδησιν 4893 N-ASF ανθρωπων 444 N-GPM ενωπιον 1799 ADV του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    2.
    Dishonesty (thv aiscunhv). Rev., more correctly, shame. Compare Eph. v. 12.

    Craftiness (panourgia). See on Luke xx. 23.

    Handling deceitfully (dolountev). Only here in the New Testament. Primarily, to ensnare; then to corrupt. Used of adulterating gold, wine, etc. See on which corrupt, ch. ii. 17. This verb has a narrower meaning than the one used there (kaphleuein); for, while that means also to corrupt, it adds the sense for gain's sake. The Vulgate renders both by the same word, adulterantes. Compare Dante:

    "Thus did Sabellius, Arias, and those fools Who have been even as swords unto the Scriptures In rendering distorted their straight faces." "Paradiso," xiii., 128-130.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:2 {But we have renounced} (alla apeipameqa). Indirect middle second aorist (timeless aorist) indicative of apeipon (defective verb) with a of first aorist ending, to speak forth, to speak off or away from. Common verb in the active, but rare in middle and only here in N.T. {The hidden things of shame} (ta krupta tes aiscunes). They do attack the minister. His only safety is in instant and courageous defiance to all the powers of darkness. It is a terrible thing to see a preacher caught in the toils of the tempter. {In craftiness} (en panourgiai). Old word from panourgos (pan, ergon), a doer of any deed (good or bad), clever, cunning, deceitful. See on Lu 20:23. {Handling deceitfully} (dolountes). Present active participle of dolow, from dolos, deceit (from delw, to catch with bait), old and common verb, in papyri and inscriptions, to ensnare, to corrupt with error. Only here in N.T. Used of adulterating gold or wine. {To every conscience of men} (pros pasan suneidesin anqrwpwn). Not to whim, foible, prejudice. See #3:1-6 for "commending" (sunistanontes).


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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