SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:19 Viendo, pues, todos los reyes siervos de Hadad-ezer que habían caído delante de Israel, hicieron paz con Israel, y les sirvieron; y de allí adelante temieron los Sirios de socorrer a los hijos de Amón.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 10:19 Verse 19. Made peace with Israel] They made this peace separately, and were obliged to pay tribute to the Israelites. Some copies of the Vulgate add here after the word Israel, Expaverunt et fugerunt quinquaginta et octo millia coram Israel; "and they were panic-struck, and fled fifty-eight thousand of them before Israel." This reading is nowhere else to be found.
"Thus," observes Dr. Delaney, "the arms of David were blessed; and God accomplished the promises which he had made to Abraham, Gen. xv. 18, and renewed to Joshua, Josh. i. 2, 4." And thus, in the space of nineteen or twenty years, David had the good fortune to finish gloriously eight wars, all righteously undertaken, and all honourably terminated; viz.
1. The civil war with Ish-bosheth. 2. The war against the Jebusites. 3. The war against the Philistines and their allies. 4. The war against the Philistines alone. 5. The war against the Moabites. 6. The war against Hadadezer. 7. The war against the Idumeans. 8. The war against the Ammonites and Syrians. This last victory was soon followed by the complete conquest of the kingdom of the Ammonites, abandoned by their allies. What glory to the monarch of Israel, had not the splendour of this illustrious epoch been obscured by a complication of crimes, of which one could never have even suspected him capable! WE have now done with the first part of this book, in which we find David great, glorious, and pious: we come to the second part, in which we shall have the pain to observe him fallen from God, and his horn defiled in the dust by crimes of the most flagitious nature. Let him that most assuredly standeth take heed lest he fall.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 19. And when all the kings [that were] servants to Hadarezer , etc.] That were subject to him, and at his beck and command, at least were hired by him into his service: saw that they were smitten before Israel ; could not stand their ground against them, being too powerful for them; they made peace with Israel, and served them ; became tributaries to them, whereby the promise of the land of Canaan made to Abraham and his seed, as reaching to the river Euphrates, had its accomplishment, ( Genesis 15:18); so the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more ; who standing by themselves, they were soon and easily conquered by David’s forces, as recorded in the following chapters.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 15-19 - Here is a new attempt of the Syrians. Even the baffled cause will make head as long as there is any life in it; the enemies of the Son of David do so. But now the promise made to Abraham, Ge 15:18, an repeated to Joshua, Jos 1:4, that the borders of Israel should exten to the river Euphrates, was performed. Learn hence, that it is dangerous to help those who have God against them; for when they fall their helpers will fall with them __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויראו 7200 כל 3605 המלכים 4428 עבדי 5650 הדדעזר 1909 כי 3588 נגפו 5062 לפני 6440 ישׂראל 3478 וישׁלמו 7999 את 854 ישׂראל 3478 ויעבדום 5647 ויראו 3372 ארם 758 להושׁיע 3467 עוד 5750 את 853 בני 1121 עמון׃ 5983