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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ephesians 1:5

    CHAPTERS: Ephesians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23




    King James Bible - Ephesians 1:5

    Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

    World English Bible

    having predestined us for adoption as children through Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his desire,

    Douay-Rheims - Ephesians 1:5

    Who hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children through Jesus Christ unto himself: according to the purpose of his will:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Having predestinated us to the adoption of children to himself by Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of his will,

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4309 5660 ημας 2248 εις 1519 υιοθεσιαν 5206 δια 1223 ιησου 2424 χριστου 5547 εις 1519 αυτον 846 κατα 2596 την 3588 ευδοκιαν 2107 του 3588 θεληματος 2307 αυτου 846

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (5) -
    :11 Ro 8:29,30

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:5

    el cual nos seal dede antes el camino para ser adoptados en hijos por Jess, el Cristo, en sí mismo, por el buen querer de su voluntad,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ephesians 1:5

    Verse 5. Having
    predestinated us] proorisav. As the doctrine of eternal predestination has produced much controversy in the Christian world, it may be necessary to examine the meaning of the term, that those who do use it may employ it according to the sense it has in the oracles of God. The verb proopzw, from pro, before, and orizw, I define, finish, bound, or terminate, whence orov, a boundary or limit, signifies to define beforehand, and circumscribe by certain bounds or limits; and is originally a geographical term, but applied also to any thing concluded, or determined, or demonstrated. Here the word is used to point out God's fixed purpose or predetermination to bestow on the Gentiles the blessing of the adoption of sons by Jesus Christ, which adoption had been before granted to the Jewish people; and without circumcision, or any other Mosaic rite, to admit the Gentiles to all the privileges of his Church and people. And the apostle marks that all this was fore-determined by God, as he had fore-determined the bounds and precincts of the land which he gave them according to the promise made to their fathers; that the Jews had no reason to complain, for God had formed this purpose before he had given the law, or called them out of Egypt; (for it was before the foundation of the world, ver. 4;) and that, therefore, the conduct of God in calling the Gentiles now - bringing them into his Church, and conferring on them the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit, was in pursuance of his original design; and, if he did not do so, his eternal purposes could not be fulfilled; and that, as the Jews were taken to be his peculiar people, not because they had any goodness or merit in themselves; so the Gentiles were called, not for any merit they had, but according to the good pleasure of his will; that is, according to his eternal benevolence, showing mercy and conferring privileges in this new creation, as he had done in the original creation; for as, in creating man, he drew every consideration from his own innate eternal benevolence, so now, in redeeming man, and sending the glad tidings of salvation both to the Jews and the Gentiles, be acted on the same principles, deriving all the reasons of his conduct from his own infinite goodness.

    This argument was exceedingly conclusive, and must silence the Jews on the ground of their original, primitive, and exclusive rights, which they were ever ready to plead against all pretensions of the Gentiles. If therefore God, before the foundation of the Jewish economy, had determined that the Gentiles, in the fullness of time, should be called to and admitted into all the privileges of the Messiah's kingdom, then the exclusive salvation of the Jews was chimerical; and what God was doing now, by the preaching of the apostles in the Gentile world, was in pursuance of his original design. This same argument St. Paul repeatedly produces in his Epistle to the Romans; and a proper consideration of it unlocks many difficulties in that epistle. See the notes on Romans viii. 29, 30; and elsewhere, in the course of that epistle, where this subject is handled. But why is the word proorisav, fore-determined, limited, or circumscribed, used here? Merely in reference to the settlement of the Israelites in the promised land. God assigned to them the portions which they were to inherit; and these portions were described, and their bearings, boundaries, vicinities to other portions, extent and length, as exactly ascertained as they could be by the most correct geographical map. As God, therefore, had dealt with the Jews in making them his peculiar people, and when he divided the earth among the sons of Noah reserved to himself the twelve portions which he afterwards gave to the twelve tribes; (see on Deut. xxxii. 8;) and as his dealings with them were typical of what he intended to do in the calling and salvation of the Gentiles; so he uses the terms by which their allotment and settlement were pointed out to show that, what he had thus designed and typified, he had now fulfilled according to the original predetermination; the Gentiles having now the spiritual inheritance which God had pointed out by the grant made of the promised land to the children of Israel. This is the grand key by which this predestination business is unlocked. See on ver. 11.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 5. Having predestinated us , &c.] Predestination, taken in a large sense, includes both election and reprobation, and even reaches to all affairs and occurrences in the world; to the persons, lives, and circumstances of men; to all mercies, temporal or spiritual; and to all afflictions, whether in love or in wrath: and indeed providence, or the dispensations of providence, are no other than the execution of divine predestination; but here it is the same with election, and is concerned with the same persons, and has regard to a special blessing, the elect are appointed to, as follows; unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ unto himself ; by which is meant, either the grace of adoption, which is an act of the Father's love, a blessing provided and secured in the covenant of grace; and is of persons to an inheritance, to which they have no legal right; and is entirely free, there being no need on the adopter's part, and no worth on the part of the adopted: or rather the inheritance they are adopted to; which exceeds all others, is incorruptible, undefiled, and fades not away; and lies among the saints in light, and belongs to all the children of God: and this they are predestinated unto by God the Father, who takes them into his family, puts them among the children, and gives them a goodly heritage: and that by Jesus Christ; or through him; for both the grace of adoption, and the kingdom and glory they are adopted to, come by and through him as Mediator; through his espousing their persons, assuming their nature, and redeeming them from under the law and its curses; through his giving them a power and privilege openly to be the sons of God; and through faith in him, whereby they are manifestly such: the phrase unto himself, either refers to God the Father, who has chosen, set apart, formed and reserved his people and children for himself, for his peculiar treasure, and for his own glory; or to Jesus Christ, that he might have some brethren, and they be conformed to him, and he be the firstborn among them, and in all things have the pre-eminence; and that they might be with him, and behold his glory, and he be glorified in them: and this act of divine predestination was according to the good pleasure of his will : the will of God is the rule of all his actions, and of all his acts of grace and goodness; and the good pleasure of it appears in the predestination of men to grace and glory: and from hence it is manifest, that foreseen faith, holiness, and good works, are excluded from being the moving cases of predestinating grace; and that it is wholly to be resolved into the good will and pleasure of God; the view in it being entirely as follows, Ver. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace , &c.] The grace of God manifestly appears in the predestination of men to adoption; in that God had no need of sons, he having a dear and well beloved one; in whom he is well pleased; and in that those he adopts are so unworthy of the relation; and in that men, and not angels, should be taken by him into his family; and that some, and not others of the same race; and that this should be before the world was; and in providing Christ as a Redeemer, to open the way for the reception of this grace and happiness; and in appointing the grace of faith to be the receiver of it: and the glory of the grace of God appears herein; the glory of God is the supreme end of all he does; and the glory of his grace, and not his power, or other perfections of his, and the manifestative glory of that is here intended; yea, the praise of that glory: and this end is answered, when the children of God ascribe their adoption to the free grace of God; and when they admire it, and are thankful for it, and walk worthy of the relation they are brought into: wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved ; the Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions read, his own beloved Son, and so the Claromontane exemplar; the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the beloved of God the Father; and was so from everlasting, and will be so to everlasting; which has appeared by his nearness to him, lying in his bosom; by his being privy to all his counsels, purposes, and designs; in putting all things into his hands, and in showing him all that he does; and by his giving him honour and glory, as man and Mediator: and he is the beloved of the saints, for the transcendent excellencies that are in him, and for his love to them, and for what he has done for them, and is unto them; and in him is their acceptance: which is to be understood of the acceptance of their persons, as founded in the blood and righteousness of Christ, and so of their services in him; of God's act of delight and complacency in them, as considered in Christ; who looks upon them, and is well pleased with them, and rests in his love towards them; which is an amazing instance of grace: it was grace that gave them a being in Christ, and which has provided in predestination everything to make them grateful to God; and the very act of acceptance is of mere grace; for internal grace, or grace infused, is not here meant, but the free favour of God: some read not in which, but which ecaritwsen , he freely gave us in the beloved; so the Alexandrian copy, and some others, and the Syriac and Arabic versions.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 3-8 -
    Spiritual and heavenly blessings are the best blessings; with which we cannot be miserable, and without which we cannot but be so. This wa from the choice of them in Christ, before the foundation of the world that they should be made holy by separation from sin, being set apar to God, and sanctified by the Holy Spirit, in consequence of their election in Christ. All who are chosen to happiness as the end, ar chosen to holiness as the means. In love they were predestinated, or fore-ordained, to be adopted as children of God by faith in Chris Jesus, and to be openly admitted to the privileges of that hig relation to himself. The reconciled and adopted believer, the pardone sinner, gives all the praise of his salvation to his gracious Father His love appointed this method of redemption, spared not his own Son and brought believers to hear and embrace this salvation. It was ric grace to provide such a surety as his own Son, and freely to delive him up. This method of grace gives no encouragement to evil, but show sin in all its hatefulness, and how it deserves vengeance. The believer's actions, as well as his words, declare the praises of Divin mercy.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    4309 5660 ημας 2248 εις 1519 υιοθεσιαν 5206 δια 1223 ιησου 2424 χριστου 5547 εις 1519 αυτον 846 κατα 2596 την 3588 ευδοκιαν 2107 του 3588 θεληματος 2307 αυτου 846

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    5. Having
    predestinated (proorisav). Rev. foreordained. From pro before, oJrizw to define, the latter word being from opov a boundary. Hence to define or determine beforehand.

    Adoption (uioqesian). See on Rom. viii. 15. Never used of Christ. Good pleasure (eudokian). Not strictly in the sense of kindly or friendly feeling, as Luke ii. 14; Philip. i. 15, but because it pleased Him, see Luke x. 21; Matt. xi. 26. The other sense, however, is included and implied, and is expressed by in love.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    1:5 {Having foreordained us} (proorisas hemas). First aorist active participle of proorizw, late and rare compound to define or decide beforehand. Already in #Ac 4:28; 1Co 2:7; Ro 8:29. See also verse #11. Only other N.T. example in verse #11. To be taken with exelexato either simultaneous or antecedent (causal). {Unto adoption as sons} (eis huioqesian). For this interesting word see #Ga 4:5; Ro 8:15; 9:4. {Unto himself} (eis auton). Unto God. {According to the good pleasure of his will} (kata ten eudokian tou qelematos autou). Here eudokian means {purpose} like boulen in verse #11 rather than {benevolence} (good pleasure). Note the preposition kata here for standard.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23


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