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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ephesians 4:11


    CHAPTERS: Ephesians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32

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    King James Bible - Ephesians 4:11

    And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    World English Bible

    He gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, shepherds and teachers;

    Douay-Rheims - Ephesians 4:11

    And he gave some apostles, and some prophets, and other some evangelists, and other some pastors and doctors,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 αυτος 846 εδωκεν 1325 5656 τους 3588 μεν 3303 αποστολους 652 τους 3588 δε 1161 προφητας 4396 τους 3588 δε 1161 ευαγγελιστας 2099 τους 3588 δε 1161 ποιμενας 4166 και 2532 διδασκαλους 1320

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (11) -
    :8; 2:20; 3:5 Ro 10:14,15 1Co 12:28 Jude 1:17 Re 18:20; 21:14

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:11

    Y l dio unos, apstoles; y otros, profetas; y otros, evangelistas; y otros, pastores y maestros;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ephesians 4:11

    Verse 11. He gave some,
    apostles] He established several offices in his Church; furnished these with the proper officers; and, to qualify them for their work, gave them the proper gifts. For a full illustration of this verse, the reader is requested to refer to the notes on 1 Cor. xii. 6- 10; 28-30; and to the concluding observations at the end of that chapter.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 11. And he gave some
    apostles , &c.] That is, he gave them gifts by which they were qualified to be apostles; who were such as were immediately called by Christ, and had their doctrine from him, and their commission to preach it; and were peculiarly and infallibly guided by the Spirit of God, and had a power to work miracles for the confirmation of their doctrine; and had authority to go everywhere and preach the Gospel, and plant churches, and were not confined to anyone particular place or church; this was the first and chief office in the church, and of an extraordinary kind, and is now ceased; and though the apostles were before Christ's ascension, yet they had not received till then the fulness of the Spirit, and his extraordinary gifts to fit them for their office; nor did they enter upon the discharge of it in its large extent till that time; for they were not only to bear witness of Christ in Jerusalem, in Judea and Samaria, but in the uttermost parts of the earth: and some prophets ; by whom are meant, not private members of churches, who may all prophesy or teach in a private way; nor ordinary ministers of the word; but extraordinary ones, who had a peculiar gift of interpreting the Scriptures, the prophecies of the Old Testament, and of foretelling things to come; such were Agabus and others in the church of Antioch, ( Acts 11:27 13:1) and some evangelists ; by whom are designed, not so much the writers of the Gospels, as Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, some of which were also apostles; as preachers of the Gospel, and who yet were distinct from the ordinary ministers of it; they were below the apostles, and yet above pastors and teachers; they were the companions of the apostles, and assistants to them, and subserved them in their work; such were Philip, Luke, Titus, Timothy, and others; these were not fixed and stated ministers in anyone place, as the following officers be, but were sent here and there as the apostles thought fit: and some pastors and teachers , or doctors; these may be thought to differ, but not so much on account of the place where they perform their work, the one in the church, the other in the school; nor on account of the different subject of their ministry, the one attending to practical, the other to doctrinal points; but whereas the pastors are the shepherds of the flock, the overseers of it, and the same with the bishops and elders, and the teachers may be the gifted brethren in the church, assistants to the pastors, bare ministers of the word; so the difference lies here, that the one has the oversight, and care, and charge of the church, and the other not; the one can administer all ordinances, the other not; the one is fixed and tied to some certain church, the other not: though I rather think they intend one and the same office, and that the word teachers is only explanative of the figurative word pastors or shepherds; and the rather because if the apostle had designed distinct officers, he would have used the same form of speaking as before; and have expressed himself thus, and some pastors, and some teachers; whereas he does not make such a distribution here as there; though the Syriac version reads this clause distributively as the others; and among the Jews there were the singular men or wise men, and the disciples of the wise men, who were their companions and assistants; and it is asked f47 , who is a singular man? and who is a disciple? a singular man is everyone that is fit to be appointed a pastor or governor of a congregation; and a disciple is one, that when he is questioned about any point in his doctrine, gives an answer: wherefore if these two, pastors and teachers, are different, it might be thought there is some reference to this distinction, and that pastors answer to the wise men, and teachers to their disciples or assistants; and so Kimchi in ( Jeremiah 3:15) interprets the pastors there of l[ryd ysnrp , the pastors of Israel, which shall be with the King Messiah, as is said in ( Micah 5:5) and undoubtedly Gospel ministers are meant: from the whole it may be observed, that as there have been various officers and offices in the Gospel dispensation, various gifts have been bestowed; and these are the gifts of Christ, which he has received for men, and gives unto them; and hence it appears that the work of the ministry is not an human invention, but the appointment of Christ, for which he fits and qualifies, and therefore to be regarded; and that they only are the ministers of Christ, whom he makes ministers of the New Testament, and not whom men or themselves make and appoint.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 7-16 - Unto every
    believer is given some gift of grace, for their mutual help All is given as seems best to Christ to bestow upon every one. He received for them, that he might give to them, a large measure of gift and graces; particularly the gift of the Holy Ghost. Not a mere hea knowledge, or bare acknowledging Christ to be the Son of God, but suc as brings trust and obedience. There is a fulness in Christ, and measure of that fulness given in the counsel of God to every believer but we never come to the perfect measure till we come to heaven. God' children are growing, as long as they are in this world; and the Christian's growth tends to the glory of Christ. The more a man find himself drawn out to improve in his station, and according to his measure, all that he has received, to the spiritual good of others, he may the more certainly believe that he has the grace of sincere love and charity rooted in his heart. (Eph 4:17-24)


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 αυτος 846 εδωκεν 1325 5656 τους 3588 μεν 3303 αποστολους 652 τους 3588 δε 1161 προφητας 4396 τους 3588 δε 1161 ευαγγελιστας 2099 τους 3588 δε 1161 ποιμενας 4166 και 2532 διδασκαλους 1320

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    11. The
    gifts specified.

    He gave. He is emphatic. It is He that gave. Compare given in ver. 7. Apostles. Properly, as apostles, or to be apostles. Christ's ministers are gifts to His people. Compare 1 Cor. iii. 5, "ministers as the Lord gave;" also 1 Cor. iii. 21, 22. The distinguishing features of an apostle were, a commission directly from Christ: being a witness of the resurrection: special inspiration: supreme authority: accrediting by miracles: unlimited commission to preach and to found churches.

    Prophets. Preachers and expounders under the immediate influence of the Spirit, and thus distinguished from teachers. 1 Cor. xii. 10. Evangelists. Traveling missionaries.

    Pastors and teachers. Pastors or shepherds. The verb poimainw to tend as a shepherd, is often used in this sense. See on 1 Pet. v. 2; Matt. ii. 6. The omission of the article from teachers seems to indicate that pastors and teachers are included under one class. The two belong together. No man is fit to be a pastor who cannot also teach, and the teacher needs the knowledge which pastoral experience gives.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:11 {And he gave} (kai autos edwken). First aorist active indicative of didwmi. In #1Co 12:28 Paul uses eqeto (more common verb, appointed), but here repeats edwken from the quotation in verse #8. There are four groups (tous men, tous de three times, as the direct object of edwken). The titles are in the predicate accusative (apostolous, profetas, poimenas kai didaskalous). Each of these words occurs in #1Co 12:28 (which see for discussion) except poimenas (shepherds). this word poimen is from a root meaning to protect. Jesus said the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep (#Joh 10:11) and called himself the Good Shepherd. In #Heb 13:20 Christ is the Great Shepherd (cf. #1Pe 2:25). Only here are preachers termed shepherds (Latin _pastores_) in the N.T. But the verb poimainw, to shepherd, is employed by Jesus to Peter (#Joh 21:16), by Peter to other ministers (#1Pe 5:2), by Paul to the elders (bishops) of Ephesus (#Ac 20:28). Here Paul groups "shepherds and teachers" together. All these gifts can be found in one man, though not always. Some have only one.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32

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