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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ephesians 4:31


    CHAPTERS: Ephesians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

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    King James Bible - Ephesians 4:31

    Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

    World English Bible

    Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, outcry, and slander, be put away from you, with all malice.

    Douay-Rheims - Ephesians 4:31

    Let all bitterness, and anger, and indignation, and clamour, and blasphemy, be put away from you, with all malice.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

    Greek Textus Receptus


    πασα
    3956 πικρια 4088 και 2532 θυμος 2372 και 2532 οργη 3709 και 2532 κραυγη 2906 και 2532 βλασφημια 988 αρθητω 142 5682 αφ 575 υμων 5216 συν 4862 παση 3956 κακια 2549

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (31) -
    Ps 64:3 Ro 3:14 Col 3:8,19 Jas 3:14,15

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:31

    Toda amargura, y enojo, e ira, y gritería, y maledicencia sea quitada de vosotros, y toda malicia;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ephesians 4:31

    Verse 31. Let all
    bitterness] pasa pikria. It is astonishing that any who profess the Christian name should indulge bitterness of spirit. Those who are censorious, who are unmerciful to the failings of others, who have fixed a certain standard by which they measure all persons in all circumstances, and unchristian every one that does not come up to this standard, these have the bitterness against which the apostle speaks. In the last century there was a compound medicine, made up from a variety of drastic acrid drugs and ardent spirits, which was called Hiera Picra, iera pikra, the holy bitter; this medicine was administered in a multitude of cases, where it did immense evil, and perhaps in scarcely any case did it do good. It has ever appeared to me to furnish a proper epithet for the disposition mentioned above, the holy bitter; for the religiously censorious act under the pretense of superior sanctity. I have known such persons do much evil in a Christian society, but never knew an instance of their doing any good.

    And wrath] qumov is more properly anger, which may be considered the commencement of the passion.

    Anger] orgn is more properly wrath - the passion carried to its highest pitch, accompanied with injurious words and outrageous acts, some of which are immediately specified.

    And clamour] kraugh Loud and obstreperous speaking, brawling, railing, boisterous talk, often the offspring of wrath; all of which are highly unbecoming the meek, loving, quiet, sedate mind of Christ and his followers.

    And evil speaking] blasfhmia? Blasphemy; that is, injurious speaking - words which tend to hurt those of whom or against whom they are spoken.

    With all malice] kakia? All malignity; as anger produces wrath, and wrath clamour, so all together produce malice; that is, settled, sullen, fell wrath, which is always looking out for opportunities to revenge itself by the destruction of the object of its indignation. No state of society can be even tolerable where these prevail; and, if eternity were out of the question, it is of the utmost consequence to have these banished from time.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 31. Let all bitterness , &c.] These words are a dehortation from several vices good men are liable to, by which the Spirit of God is grieved: bitterness sometimes designs the corruption of nature, which is the gall of bitterness, and bond of iniquity; and sometimes actual sins and transgressions, even those of God's own people, which are evil and bitter things; and sometimes heretical doctrines, which are roots of bitterness; and sometimes sinful words spoken by the saints, one against another; and here perhaps it signifies, the first offence taken in the mind, against any person, upon any account, which should at once be put away, and not encouraged: and wrath : heat of spirit, which follows upon bitterness, or upon the spirit being embittered and offended; (see Ezekiel 3:14). And anger ; a sinful one, cautioned against before, ( Ephesians 4:26). And clamour and evil speaking ; such as brawlings, contentions, contumelies, reproaches, slanders, &c. arising from an embittered, wrathful, and angry disposition: these should all be put away from you, with all malice ; being the deeds of the old man, unbecoming such as are born again, and grieving to the Spirit of God.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 29-32 -
    Filthy words proceed from corruption in the speaker, and they corrup the minds and manners of those who hear them: Christians should bewar of all such discourse. It is the duty of Christians to seek, by the blessing of God, to bring persons to think seriously, and to encourag and warn believers by their conversation. Be ye kind one to another This sets forth the principle of love in the heart, and the outwar expression of it, in a humble, courteous behaviour. Mark how God' forgiveness causes us to forgive. God forgives us, though we had n cause to sin against him. We must forgive, as he has forgiven us. All lying, and corrupt communications, that stir up evil desires and lusts grieve the Spirit of God. Corrupt passions of bitterness, wrath, anger clamour, evil-speaking, and malice, grieve the Holy Spirit. Provoke no the holy, blessed Spirit of God to withdraw his presence and his gracious influences. The body will be redeemed from the power of the grave at the resurrection day. Wherever that blessed Spirit dwells as Sanctifier, he is the earnest of all the joys and glories of tha redemption day; and we should be undone, should God take away his Holy Spirit from us __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    πασα
    3956 πικρια 4088 και 2532 θυμος 2372 και 2532 οργη 3709 και 2532 κραυγη 2906 και 2532 βλασφημια 988 αρθητω 142 5682 αφ 575 υμων 5216 συν 4862 παση 3956 κακια 2549

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    31.
    Bitterness (pikria) Bitter frame of mind Wrath. What is commanded in ver. 26 is here forbidden, because viewed simply on the side of human passion.

    Anger (qumov) Violent outbreak. See on John iii. 36; Jas. v. 7.

    Clamor (kraugh) Outward manifestation of anger in vociferation or brawling.

    Evil-speaking (blasfhmia). See on Mark vii. 22.

    Malice (kakia). The root of all the rest. See on Jas. i. 21.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:31 {Bitterness} (pikria). Old word from pikros (bitter), in N.T. only here and #Ac 8:23; Ro 3:14; Heb 12:15. {Clamor} (krauge). Old word for outcry (#Mt 25:6; Lu 1:42). See #Col 3:8 for the other words. {Be put away} (arqetw). First aorist passive imperative of air", old verb, to pick up and carry away, to make a clean sweep.


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