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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Hebrews 2:10


    CHAPTERS: Hebrews 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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    King James Bible - Hebrew 2:10

    For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

    World English Bible

    For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many children to glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

    Douay-Rheims - Hebrew 2:10

    For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, who had brought many children into glory, to perfect the author of their salvation, by his passion.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    επρεπεν
    4241 5707 γαρ 1063 αυτω 846 δι 1223 ον 3739 τα 3588 παντα 3956 και 2532 δι 1223 ου 3739 τα 3588 παντα 3956 πολλους 4183 υιους 5207 εις 1519 δοξαν 1391 αγαγοντα 71 5631 τον 3588 αρχηγον 747 της 3588 σωτηριας 4991 αυτων 846 δια 1223 παθηματων 3804 τελειωσαι 5048 5658

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (10) -
    Heb 7:26 Ge 18:25 Lu 2:14; 24:26,46 Ro 3:25,26 Eph 1:6-8; 2:7; 3:10

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:10

    ¶ Porque convenía que aquel por amor del cual son todas las cosas, y por el cual son todas las cosas, habiendo de traer en su gloria a muchos hijos, perfeccionase por aflicciones al autor de la salud de ellos.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Hebrew 2:10

    Verse 10. For it became him] It was suitable to the
    Divine wisdom, the requisitions of justice, and the economy of grace, to offer Jesus as a sacrifice, in order to bring many sons and daughters to glory.

    For whom-and by whom] God is the cause of all things, and he is the object or end of them.

    Perfect through sufferings.] Without suffering he could not have died, and without dying he could not have made an atonement for sin. The sacrifice must be consummated, in order that he might be qualified to be the Captain or Author of the salvation of men, and lead all those who become children of God, through faith in him, into eternal glory. I believe this to be the sense of the passage; and it appears to be an answer to the grand objection of the Jews: "The Messiah is never to be conquered, or die; but will be victorious, and endure for ever." Now the apostle shows that this is not the counsel of God; on the contrary, that it was entirely congruous to the will and nature of God, by whom, and for whom are all things, to bring men to eternal glory through the suffering and death of the Messiah. This is the decision of the Spirit of God against their prejudices; and on the Divine authority this must be our conclusion. Without the passion and death of Christ, the salvation of man would have been impossible.

    As there are many different views of this and some of the following verses, I shall introduce a paraphrase of the whole from Dr. Dodd, who gives the substance of what Doddridge, Pearce, and Owen, have said on this subject.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 10. For it became him, for whom are all things , etc..] This is not a periphrasis of Christ, who died, but of God the Father, who delivered him to death; and who is the final cause of all things, in nature, and in grace, all things being made for his pleasure and for his glory; and he is the efficient cause of all things, as follows: and by whom are all things ; all the works of creation, providence, and grace: in bringing many sons to glory ; not to worldly glory, but to the heavenly glory, which they are undeserving of; and which was long ago prepared for them; is at present hid; is weighty, solid, durable, yea, eternal: the persons whom God, of his rich grace, brings to this, are sons; who are predestinated to the adoption of children; are regenerated by the Spirit of God; believe in Christ; and have the spirit of adoption given them, and so being children, are heirs of glory: and these are many; for though they are but few, when compared with others, yet they are many, considered by themselves; they are many that God has ordained to eternal life, and given to Christ, and for whom he has given himself a ransom, and whom he justifies; and accordingly there are many mansions of glory provided for them in their Father's house, whose act it is to bring them thither: he has chosen them to this glory, and prepared it for them; he sent his Son to redeem them; he reveals his Son in them, the hope of glory; he calls them to his eternal glory, and makes them meet for it, and gives them an abundant entrance into it: and him it became to make the Captain of their salutation perfect through sufferings ; Christ is the Captain of salvation, and is so called, because he is the author of it; and he is the Prince and Commander of these sons, who are committed to his charge, and are under his care; and is their guide and leader; and who is gone before them to prepare their mansions of glory for them: and he is made perfect through sufferings; he suffered all that the law and justice of God could require; and hereby he became perfectly acquainted with the sufferings of his people, and a perfect Saviour of them; and in this way went to glory himself: and it became God the Father, the first cause, and last end of all things, since he had a design to bring all his adopted sons to glory, that his own Son should perfectly suffer for them; this was agreeable to, and becoming the perfections of his nature, his wisdom, his veracity, his justice, grace, and mercy.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 10-13 - Whatever the
    proud, carnal, and unbelieving may imagine or object, the spiritual mind will see peculiar glory in the cross of Christ, and be satisfied that it became Him, who in all things displays his ow perfections in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. His way to the crown was by the cross, and so must that of his people be. Christ sanctifies; he ha purchased and sent the sanctifying Spirit: the Spirit sanctifies as the Spirit of Christ. True believers are sanctified, endowed with holy principles and powers, set apart to high and holy uses and purposes Christ and believers are all of one heavenly Father, who is God. The are brought into relation with Christ. But the words, his not being ashamed to call them brethren, express the high superiority of Chris to the human nature. This is shown from three texts of Scripture. Se Ps 22:22; 18:2; Isa 8:18.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    επρεπεν
    4241 5707 γαρ 1063 αυτω 846 δι 1223 ον 3739 τα 3588 παντα 3956 και 2532 δι 1223 ου 3739 τα 3588 παντα 3956 πολλους 4183 υιους 5207 εις 1519 δοξαν 1391 αγαγοντα 71 5631 τον 3588 αρχηγον 747 της 3588 σωτηριας 4991 αυτων 846 δια 1223 παθηματων 3804 τελειωσαι 5048 5658

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    10. It became (eprepen). Not logical necessity (dei, ver. 1), nor obligation growing out of circumstances (wfeilen, ver. 17), but an
    inner fitness in God's dealing. Dr. Robertson Smith observes: "The whole course of nature and grace must find its explanation in God; and not merely in an abstract divine arbitnum, but in that which befits the divine nature." For whom - by whom (di ondi ou). For whom, that is, for whose sake all things exist. God is the final cause of all things. This is not = eijv aujton ta panta unto whom are all things, Rom. xi. 36; which signifies that all things have their realization in God; while this means that all things have their reason in God. By whom, through whose agency, all things came into being. On dia applied to God, see on ch. i. 2. These two emphasize the idea of fitness. It was becoming even to a God who is the beginning and the end of all things.

    In bringing many sons unto glory (pollouv uiouv eiv doxan agagonta). Const. bringing with him; 174 not with captain, which would mean "to perfect the captain, etc., as one who led many sons, etc." Agagonta is not to be explained who had brought, or after he had brought, with a reference to the O.T. saints, "he had brought many O.T. sons of God unto glory"; but rather, bringing as he did, or in bringing, as A.V. 175 Many sons, since their leader himself was a son. Unto glory, in accordance with the glory with which he himself had been crowned (ver. 9). The glory is not distinguished from the salvation immediately following. For the combination salvation and glory see 2 Tim. ii. 10; Apoc. xix. 1.

    To make perfect (teleiwsai). Lit. to carry to the goal or consummation. The "perfecting" of Jesus corresponds to his being "crowned with glory and honor," although it is not a mere synonym for that phrase; for the writer conceives the perfecting not as an act but as a process. "To make perfect" does not imply moral imperfection in Jesus, but only the consummation of that human experience of sorrow and pain through which he must pass in order to become the leader of his people's salvation. The captain of their salvation (ton archgon thv swthriav autwn). Comp. Acts v. 31. jArchgov captain, quite frequent in LXX and Class. Rev. renders author, which misses the fact that the Son precedes the saved on the path to glory. The idea is rather leader, and is fairly expressed by captain.



    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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