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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - James 2:21


    CHAPTERS: James 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

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    King James Bible - James 2:21

    Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

    World English Bible

    Wasn't Abraham our father justified by works, in that he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?

    Douay-Rheims - James 2:21

    Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

    Greek Textus Receptus


    αβρααμ
    11 ο 3588 πατηρ 3962 ημων 2257 ουκ 3756 εξ 1537 εργων 2041 εδικαιωθη 1344 5681 ανενεγκας 399 5660 ισαακ 2464 τον 3588 υιον 5207 αυτου 846 επι 1909 το 3588 θυσιαστηριον 2379

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (21) -
    Jos 24:3 Isa 51:2 Mt 3:9 Lu 1:73; 16:24,30 Joh 8:39,53

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:21

    ¿No fue justificado por las obras Abraham nuestro Padre, cuando ofreci a su hijo Isaac sobre el altar?

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - James 2:21

    Verse 21. Was not
    Abraham our father] Did not the conduct of Abraham, in offering up his son Isaac on the altar, sufficiently prove that he believed in God, and that it was his faith in him that led him to this extraordinary act of obedience?

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 21. Was not
    Abraham our father justified by works , etc.] Not as the causes of his justification, that is denied, ( Romans 4:2) but as effects of it, showing the truth of his faith, and the reality of his justification: he had both faith and works, and the former were known by the latter; and even the faith which he had expressed years ago was manifested, demonstrated, and confirmed to be true and genuine, by the instance of his obedience to God, here produced; by which it appeared he was a true believer, a justified person, approved of God, and loved by him. Now if this was the case of Abraham, the father of the Jewish nation, yea, the father of the faithful, of all that believe, he is, and must be a vain man, that talks of faith without works; and his faith must be a dead one, and he be very unlike the father of them that believe: the good work instanced in is the offering up of Isaac; when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar : for when he was bid to take his son, his only and beloved son, Isaac, and offer him up on one of the mountains, that should be shown him, he made haste to do it; he provided everything for it; he split the wood, and carried it with him, and fire in his hand; he built an altar, laid the wood on it, bound his son, laid the wood on the altar, and his son on the wood, and stretched out his hand, with his knife in it, to slay him; so that it was all one, with respect to his intention and will, as if he had actually offered him, and was a full trial and proof of his obedience to God. This was not the only act of obedience, or good work, which he performed; but this being a very eminent one, the apostle instances in it, as a very considerable evidence of his faith in God, and love to him; and which showed him to be a justified person, as he was long before he performed this action, even before Isaac was born; (see Genesis 15:6) and therefore it can never be the apostle's meaning, that he was justified before God by this, or any other good work or works, as cause or causes of it; but only that he was declared to be so; or, in other words, that his faith was attended with good works, and evidenced by them.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-26 - Those are wrong who put a mere notional belief of the
    gospel for the whole of evangelical religion, as many now do. No doubt, true fait alone, whereby men have part in Christ's righteousness, atonement, an grace, saves their souls; but it produces holy fruits, and is shown to be real by its effect on their works; while mere assent to any form of doctrine, or mere historical belief of any facts, wholly differs from this saving faith. A bare profession may gain the good opinion of piou people; and it may procure, in some cases, worldly good things; but what profit will it be, for any to gain the whole world, and to los their souls? Can this faith save him? All things should be accounte profitable or unprofitable to us, as they tend to forward or hinder the salvation of our souls. This place of Scripture plainly shows that a opinion, or assent to the gospel, without works, is not faith. There is no way to show we really believe in Christ, but by being diligent in good works, from gospel motives, and for gospel purposes. Men may boas to others, and be conceited of that which they really have not. Ther is not only to be assent in faith, but consent; not only an assent to the truth of the word, but a consent to take Christ. True believing is not an act of the understanding only, but a work of the whole heart That a justifying faith cannot be without works, is shown from tw examples, Abraham and Rahab. Abraham believed God, and it was reckone unto him for righteousness. Faith, producing such works, advanced his to peculiar favours. We see then, ver. #(24), how that by works a ma is justified, not by a bare opinion or profession, or believing withou obeying; but by having such faith as produces good works. And to have to deny his own reason, affections, and interests, is an action fit to try a believer. Observe here, the wonderful power of faith in changin sinners. Rahab's conduct proved her faith to be living, or havin power; it showed that she believed with her heart, not merely by a assent of the understanding. Let us then take heed, for the best works without faith, are dead; they want root and principle. By faith an thing we do is really good; as done in obedience to God, and aiming a his acceptance: the root is as though it were dead, when there is n fruit. Faith is the root, good works are the fruits; and we must see to it that we have both. This is the grace of God wherein we stand, and we should stand to it. There is no middle state. Every one must eithe live God's friend, or God's enemy. Living to God, as it is the consequence of faith, which justifies and will save, obliges us to d nothing against him, but every thing for him and to him __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    αβρααμ
    11 ο 3588 πατηρ 3962 ημων 2257 ουκ 3756 εξ 1537 εργων 2041 εδικαιωθη 1344 5681 ανενεγκας 399 5660 ισαακ 2464 τον 3588 υιον 5207 αυτου 846 επι 1909 το 3588 θυσιαστηριον 2379

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    21. When he had offered (anenegkav). Incorrect. For the participle
    states the ground of his justification. By works gives the general ground; offered, etc., the specific work. Compare Gen. xxii. 16, 17. Rev., correctly, in that he offered. The word ajnenegkav is, lit., brought up to; and means, not actually to offer up in sacrifice (though Isaac was morally sacrificed in Abraham's will), but to bring to the altar as an offering. See on 1 Pet. ii. 5.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

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