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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Philippians 3:10


    CHAPTERS: Philippians 1, 2, 3, 4     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

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    King James Bible - Philippians 3:10

    That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;

    World English Bible

    that I may know him, and the
    power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed to his death;

    Douay-Rheims - Philippians 3:10

    That I may know him, and the
    power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    That I may know him, and the
    power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    του
    3588 γνωναι 1097 5629 αυτον 846 και 2532 την 3588 δυναμιν 1411 της 3588 αναστασεως 386 αυτου 846 και 2532 την 3588 κοινωνιαν 2842 των 3588 παθηματων 3804 αυτου 846 συμμορφουμενος 4833 5746 τω 3588 θανατω 2288 αυτου 846

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (10) -
    :8 1Jo 2:3,5

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:10

    por conocerle, y el poder de su resurreccin, y la participacin de sus padecimientos, en conformidad a su muerte,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Philippians 3:10

    Verse 10. That I may know him] To be the true and
    promised Messiah, and experience all that salvation which he has bought by his blood.

    The power of his resurrection] In having this body of my humiliation raised from death, and made like unto his glorious body. This seems to be the sole meaning of the apostle; for it is in virtue of Christ's resurrection that we are to be raised incorruptible and immortal.

    And the fellowship of his sufferings] Christ died, not only as a victim for sin, but as a martyr to the truth. No creature can have fellowship with him in his vicarious sufferings; as a martyr to the truth, St. Paul wished to imitate him. Not only in the apostle, but in the primitive Christians generally, there seems to have been a strong desire after martyrdom.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 10. That I may know him , etc.] The Ethiopic version reads by faith; and to the same sense the Syriac. The apostle did know Christ, and that years ago; he knew whom he had believed; he knew him for himself; he knew his personal interest in him; nor did he know any but him in the business of salvation: but his knowledge of Christ, though it was very great, it was, imperfect; he knew but in part, and therefore desired to know more of Christ, of the mystery and glories of his person, of the unsearchable riches of his grace, of his great salvation, and the benefits of it, of his love, which passes perfect knowledge, and to have a renewed and enlarged experience of communion with him. The apostle here explains what he means by winning Christ, for the sake of which he suffered the loss of all things, and counted them but dung; it was, that he might attain to a greater knowledge of the person and grace of Christ: and the power of his resurrection ; not that power which was put forth by his Father, and by himself, in raising him from the dead; but the virtue which arises from it, and the influence it has on many things; as on the resurrection of the saints: it is the procuring cause of it, they shall rise by virtue of union to a risen Jesus; it is the firstfruits, which is the earnest and pledge of their resurrection, as sure as Christ is risen, so sure shall they rise; it is the exemplar and pattern of theirs, their bodies will be raised and fashioned like to the glorious body of Christ; and this the apostle desired to know, experience, and attain unto. Christ's resurrection has an influence also on the justification of his people; when Christ died he had the sins of them all upon him, and he died for them, and discharged as their public head and representative, and they in him: hence it is said of him, that he was raised again for our justification, ( Romans 4:25). Now, though the apostle was acquainted with this virtue and influence of Christ's resurrection, he desired to know more of it, for the encouragement of his faith to live upon Christ, as the Lord his righteousness. Moreover, the regeneration of men is owing to the resurrection of Christ; as to the abundant mercy of God, as the moving cause, so to the resurrection of Christ, as the means or virtual cause; and therefore are said to be begotten again by the resurrection of Christ from the dead, ( 1 Peter 1:3). This power and virtue the apostle had had an experience of, yet he wanted to feel more of it, in exciting the graces of the spirit to a lively exercise, in raising his affections, and setting them on things above, and in engaging him to seek after them, and set light by things on earth, and in causing him to walk in newness of life, in likeness or imitation of Christ's resurrection, to all which that strongly animates and encourages; (see Colossians 3:1,2 Romans 6:4,5). And the fellowship of his sufferings ; either his personal sufferings, and so signifies a sharing in, and a participation of the benefits arising from them; such as reconciliation for sin, peace with God, pardon, righteousness, nearness to God, etc. or the sufferings of his members for him, and with him, and which Christ reckons his own: these the apostle was willing to take his part in, and lot of, knowing, that those that are partakers of his sufferings in this sense, shall reign with him, and be glorified together.

    What the Jews deprecated, the apostle was desirous of; namely, sharing in the sorrows and sufferings of the Messiah, and which they reckon the greatest happiness to be delivered from. The disciples of R. Eleazar asked him, what a man should do that he may be delivered jym l wlbjm , from the sorrows of the Messiah? he must study in the law, and in beneficence.

    And elsewhere they say , he that keeps the three meals on the sabbath day shall be delivered from three punishments, jym l wlbjm , from the sorrows of the Messiah, and from the damnation of hell, and from the war of Gog and Magog.

    But our apostle rejoiced in his sufferings for Christ, and was desirous of filling up the afflictions of Christ in his flesh, for his body's sake, the church: being made conformable unto his death ; either in a spiritual sense dying daily unto sin, ( 1 Corinthians 15:31), having the affections, with the lusts, crucified, ( Galatians 5:24), and the deeds of the body mortified, ( Romans 8:13), and so planted in the likeness of his death, ( Romans 6:5); or rather in a corporeal sense, bearing always in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, ( 2 Corinthians 4:10), and being continually exposed to death for his sake, and ready to suffer it whenever called to it.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-11 - Sincere Christians rejoice in Christ Jesus. The prophet calls the fals prophets dumb dogs, Isa 56:10; to which the apostle seems to refer Dogs, for their malice against faithful professors of the gospel of Christ, barking at them and biting them. They urged human works i opposition to the faith of Christ; but Paul calls them evil-workers. He calls them the concision; as they rent the church of Christ, and cut it to pieces. The work of religion is to no purpose, unless the heart is in it, and we must worship God in the strength and grace of the Divin Spirit. They rejoice in Christ Jesus, not in mere outward enjoyment and performances. Nor can we too earnestly guard against those wh oppose or abuse the doctrine of free salvation. If the apostle woul have gloried and trusted in the flesh, he had as much cause as any man But the things which he counted gain while a Pharisee, and had reckone up, those he counted loss for Christ. The apostle did not persuade the to do any thing but what he himself did; or to venture on any thing but that on which he himself ventured his never-dying soul. He deemed all these things to be but loss, compared with the knowledge of Christ, by faith in his person and salvation. He speaks of all worldly enjoyment and outward privileges which sought a place with Christ in his heart or could pretend to any merit and desert, and counted them but loss but it might be said, It is easy to say so; but what would he do when he came to the trial? He had suffered the loss of all for the privileges of a Christian. Nay, he not only counted them loss, but the vilest refuse, offals thrown to dogs; not only less valuable tha Christ, but in the highest degree contemptible, when set up as agains him. True knowledge of Christ alters and changes men, their judgment and manners, and makes them as if made again anew. The believer prefer Christ, knowing that it is better for us to be without all worldl riches, than without Christ and his word. Let us see what the apostl resolved to cleave to, and that was Christ and heaven. We are undone without righteousness wherein to appear before God, for we are guilty There is a righteousness provided for us in Jesus Christ, and it is complete and perfect righteousness. None can have benefit by it, wh trust in themselves. Faith is the appointed means of applying the saving benefit. It is by faith in Christ's blood. We are mad conformable to Christ's death, when we die to sin, as he died for sin and the world is crucified to us, and we to the world, by the cross of Christ. The apostle was willing to do or to suffer any thing, to attai the glorious resurrection of saints. This hope and prospect carried his through all difficulties in his work. He did not hope to attain it through his own merit and righteousness, but through the merit an righteousness of Jesus Christ. (Php 3:12-21)


    Greek Textus Receptus


    του
    3588 γνωναι 1097 5629 αυτον 846 και 2532 την 3588 δυναμιν 1411 της 3588 αναστασεως 386 αυτου 846 και 2532 την 3588 κοινωνιαν 2842 των 3588 παθηματων 3804 αυτου 846 συμμορφουμενος 4833 5746 τω 3588 θανατω 2288 αυτου 846

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    10. That I may know Him (tou gnwnai auton). Know is taken up from
    knowledge, ver. 8, and is joined with be found in Him, qualified by not having, etc. That I may be found in Him not having, etc., but having the righteousness which is of God so as to know him, etc.

    The power of His resurrection (thn dunamin thv anastasewv autou). Power of His resurrection and fellowship of His sufferings furnish two specific points further defining the knowledge of Him. By the power of Christ's resurrection is meant the power which it exerts over believers. Here, more especially, according to the context, in assuring their present justification, and its outcome in their final glorification. See Rom. iv. 24, 25; viii. 11, 30; 1 Cor. xv. 17; Col. iii. 4; Philip. iii. 21. Fellowship of His sufferings. Participation in Christ's sufferings. See Matt. xx. 22, 23; and on Col. i. 24. Compare 2 Cor. i. 5; 1 Peter iv. 13. Faith makes a believer one with a suffering Christ.

    Being made conformable (summorfizomenov). Explaining the previous clause: by my becoming conformed, etc. Rev., becoming conformed.

    Compare 2 Cor. iv. 10; Rom. vi. 5. For conformed see on Matthew xvii. 2, and on form, ch. ii. 6. The most radical conformity is thus indicated: not merely undergoing physical death like Christ, but conformity to the spirit and temper, the meekness and submissiveness of Christ; to His unselfish love and devotion, and His anguish over human sin.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    3:10 {That I may know him} (tou gnwnai auton). Genitive of the articular second aorist (ingressive) active infinitive (purpose) of ginwskw, to have personal acquaintance or experience with. this is Paul's major passion, to get more knowledge of Christ by experience. {The power of his resurrection} (tn dunamin ts anastase"s autou). Power (Lightfoot) in the sense of assurance to believers in immortality (#1Co 15:14f.; Ro 8:11), in the triumph over sin (#Ro 4:24f.), in the dignity of the body (#1Co 6:13ff.; Php 3:21), in stimulating the moral and spiritual life (#Ga 2:20; Ro 6:4f.; Col 2:12; Eph 2:5). See Westcott's _The Gospel of the Resurrection_, ii, 31. {The fellowship of his sufferings} (tn koin"nian t"n paqematwn autou). Partnership in (objective genitive) his sufferings, an honor prized by Paul (#Co 1:24). {Becoming conformed to his death} (summorphizomenos t"i qanatwi autou). Present passive participle of summorphiz", late verb from summorphos, found only here and ecclesiastical writers quoting it. The Latin Vulgate uses _configuro_. See #Ro 6:4 for sumphutoi in like sense and #2Co 4:10. "The agony of Gethsemane, not less than the agony of Calvary, will be reproduced however faintly in the faithful servant of Christ" (Lightfoot). "In this passage we have the deepest secrets of the Apostle's Christian experience unveiled" (Kennedy).


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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