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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Revelation 21:12


    CHAPTERS: Revelation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22     

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    King James Bible - Revelation 21:12

    And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:

    World English Bible

    having a great and
    high wall; having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel.

    Douay-Rheims - Revelation 21:12

    And it had a
    wall great and high, having twelve gates, and in the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And had a
    wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    εχουσαν
    2192 5723 τε 5037 τειχος 5038 μεγα 3173 και 2532 υψηλον 5308 εχουσαν 2192 5723 πυλωνας 4440 δωδεκα 1427 και 2532 επι 1909 τοις 3588 πυλωσιν 4440 αγγελους 32 δωδεκα 1427 και 2532 ονοματα 3686 επιγεγραμμενα 1924 5772 α 3739 εστιν 2076 5748 των 3588 δωδεκα 1427 φυλων 5443 των 3588 υιων 5207 ισραηλ 2474

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (12) -
    :17-20 Ezr 9:9 Ne 12:27 Ps 51:18; 122:7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 21:12

    Y tenía un muro grande y alto con doce puertas; y en las puertas, doce ngeles, y nombres escritos, que son los de las doce tribus de los hijos de Israel.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Revelation 21:12

    Verse 12. Had a
    wall great and high] An almighty defense.

    Twelve gates] A gate for every tribe of Israel, in the vicinity of which gate that tribe dwelt; so that in coming in and going out they did not mix with each other. This description of the city is partly taken from Ezek. xlviii. 30-35.

    In Synopsis Sohar, p. 115, n. 27, it is said: "In the palace of the world to come there are twelve gates, each of which is inscribed with one of the twelve tribes, as that of Reuben, of Simeon, &c.: he, therefore, who is of the tribe of Reuben is received into none of the twelve gates but his own; and so of the rest."


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 12. And had a wall great and high , etc.] Not the Spirit of God, who separates, sanctifies, and preserves the saints, as Cocceius thinks, for this account respects not the church militant; nor the eternal decree of God, the unpassable gulf between heaven and hell, which everlastingly fixes the state of men; for this regards not the ultimate state of happiness: many interpreters understand it of the doctrine of the Gospel, which, as it secures the church now from heretics, and is like a wall very strong and well built, is durable and impregnable; and may be called great, because of the great Author of it, and the great things contained in it; and high, since it is not to be reached by carnal minds; so none but such who have embraced it shall enter into the new Jerusalem; for all liars, and forgers of doctrinal lies, and who embrace the antichristian lies, shall be without. Though rather the almighty power of God, which guards his church and people now, and will be their defence in this state, is meant; and which shows the state not to be that of the ultimate glory, which will need no wall, but this will; since an attempt will be made upon the saints in it, though it will be a foolish and fruitless one: and this wall of divine power is very great indeed, and is insuperable by men; God himself is a wall of fire about his people; though it may be best to interpret this of salvation itself, which is by Jesus Christ, if we compare with this text ( Isaiah 26:1 60:18) for those, and those only, who are interested in it, will dwell in the new Jerusalem; and salvation in this state will be enjoyed in its fulness; and this is very great in its author, objects, and matter, being wrought out by the great God, for great sinners, at a great expense, and including grace and glory, and not to be got over or enjoyed by those who have no interest in it. And had twelve gates ; though, strictly speaking, there is but one gate, and that a strait one, which is the Lord Jesus Christ, his person, blood, righteousness, regenerating and sanctifying grace; for as he is the only door into the sheepfold, the church, in its present state, or he only that has faith in him has a right to enter there, and is the only way to heaven and eternal happiness; so he is the only gate into the new Jerusalem, or such only will be admitted there, who are interested in him: but these gates are said to be twelve, in allusion to the twelve apostles, who pointed out to men the way of salvation by Christ; and to the twelve tribes of Israel, who represent all the elect of God, who enter in thereat; and to the twelve gates of Ezekiel's city, ( Ezekiel 48:31-35). And at the gates twelve angels ; meaning either the ministering spirits, in allusion to the cherubim in ( Genesis 3:24) who are watchers, and encamp about the saints now, and will, as it were, stand sentinels in this camp of the saints, as it is called, ( Revelation 20:8) and besides, will be made use of in gathering the saints from the several parts of the world, and introducing them into this state; or else the apostles and ministers of the word, often called angels in this book, who will shine with peculiar lustre now, and will appear at the head of the several companies they have been useful to, and bring them as their joy and crown of rejoicing into this glorious state: this clause is wanting in the Alexandrian copy, and in the Syriac version. The Jews speak of yr , princes, being appointed over the gates of heaven, east, west, north, and south, with the keys in their hands, whose names they give us f464 . And names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel ; not literal, but mystical Israel, whom God has chosen to salvation, Christ has redeemed by his blood, and the Spirit calls by his grace; denoting that all, and each of these, have a right to enter into the new Jerusalem, and will be admitted there, and none but they. In like manner the Jews make mention of a court of the Lord, which has twelve gates, according to the computation of the tribes of Israel; on one gate is written Reuben, on another is written Simeon; and so all the tribes of Israel are written on those gates; in the time they go up to appear before the Lord of the world, whoever goes up to this gate, (on which the tribe of Reuben is written,) if he is of the tribe of Reuben they open to him, (and receive him,) if not they cast him without; and so of all whom they do not receive; they open to none but to him who is of that tribe, or whose name is written on the gate.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 9-21 -
    God has various employments for his holy angels. Sometimes they soun the trumpet of Divine Providence, and warn a careless world; sometime they discover things of a heavenly nature of the heirs of salvation Those who would have clear views of heaven, must get as near to heave as they can, on the mount of meditation and faith. The subject of the vision is the church of God in a perfect, triumphant state, shining in its lustre; glorious in relation to Christ; which shows that the happiness of heaven consists in intercourse with God, and in conformit to him. The change of emblems from a bride to a city, shows that we ar only to take general ideas from this description. The wall is for security. Heaven is a safe state; those who are there, are separate and secured from all evils and enemies. This city is vast; here is roo for all the people of God. The foundation of the wall; the promise an power of God, and the purchase of Christ, are the strong foundations of the safety and happiness of the church. These foundations are set fort by twelve sorts of precious stones, denoting the variety and excellenc of the doctrines of the gospel, or of the graces of the Holy Spirit, or the personal excellences of the Lord Jesus Christ. Heaven has gates there is a free admission to all that are sanctified; they shall no find themselves shut out. These gates were all of pearls. Christ is the Pearl of great price, and he is our Way to God. The street of the cit was pure gold, like transparent glass. The saints in heaven tread gol under foot. The saints are there at rest, yet it is not a state of sleep and idleness; they have communion, not only with God, but with one another. All these glories but faintly represent heaven.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    εχουσαν
    2192 5723 τε 5037 τειχος 5038 μεγα 3173 και 2532 υψηλον 5308 εχουσαν 2192 5723 πυλωνας 4440 δωδεκα 1427 και 2532 επι 1909 τοις 3588 πυλωσιν 4440 αγγελους 32 δωδεκα 1427 και 2532 ονοματα 3686 επιγεγραμμενα 1924 5772 α 3739 εστιν 2076 5748 των 3588 δωδεκα 1427 φυλων 5443 των 3588 υιων 5207 ισραηλ 2474

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    12. And had (ecousan te). Rev., more simply and literally, having.

    Gates (pulwnav). Properly large gates. See on Luke xvi. 20; Acts xii. 13. Compare Ezek. xlviii. 30 sqq.



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