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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Romans 4:4


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    King James Bible - Romans 4:4

    Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

    World English Bible

    Now to him who works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as something owed.

    Douay-Rheims - Romans 4:4

    Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned according to grace, but according to debt.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now to him that worketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    τω
    3588 T-DSM δε 1161 CONJ εργαζομενω 2038 5740 V-PNP-DSM ο 3588 T-NSM μισθος 3408 N-NSM ου 3756 PRT-N λογιζεται 3049 5736 V-PNI-3S κατα 2596 PREP χαριν 5485 N-ASF αλλα 235 CONJ κατα 2596 PREP το 3588 T-ASN οφειλημα 3783 N-ASN

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    Ro 9:32; 11:6,35 Mt 20:1-16

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:4

    Pero al que obra, no se le cuenta el salario como gracia, sino como deuda.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Romans 4:4

    Verse 4. Now to him that worketh is the
    reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.] Therefore, if Abraham had been justified by works, the blessings he received would have been given to him as a reward for those works, and consequently his believing could have had no part in his justification, and his faith would have been useless.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 4. Now to him that worketh , etc..] The
    apostle illustrates the former case by two sorts of persons in this and the next verse, who have different things accounted to them, and in a different manner. The one is represented as working, the other not. By the worker is meant, not one that works from, and upon principles of grace. The regenerate man is disposed to work for God; the man that has the Spirit of God is capable of working; he that has the grace of Christ, and strength from him, can work well; he that believes in Christ, works in a right way; he that loves Christ, works freely, and from a right principle; and he that has Christ's glory in view, works to a right end: but the worker here, is one that works upon nature's principles, and with selfish views; one that works in the strength of nature, trusting to, and glorying in what he does; seeking righteousness by his work, and working for eternal life and salvation. Now let it be supposed, that such a worker not only thinks he does, but if it could be, really does all the works of the law, yields a perfect obedience to it; what is the reward that is, and will be reckoned to him? There is no reward due to the creature's work, though ever so perfect, arising front any desert or dignity in itself: there may be a reward by promise and compact; God may promise a reward to encourage to obedience, as he does in the law, which is not eternal life; for that is the free gift of God, and is only brought to light in the Gospel; and though heaven is called a reward, yet not of man's obedience, but Christ's; but admitting heaven itself to be the reward promised to the worker, in what manner must that be reckoned to him? not of grace : for grace and works can never agree together; for if the reward is reckoned for the man's works, then it is not of grace, otherwise work is no more work, ( Romans 11:6); and if it is of grace, then not for his works, otherwise grace is no more grace, ( Romans 11:6); it remains therefore, that if it is reckoned for his works, it must be of debt : it must be his due, as wages are to an hireling. Now this was not Abraham's case, which must have been, had he been justified by works; he had a reward reckoned to him, and accounted his, which was God himself, I am thy shield, and exceeding, great reward, ( Genesis 15:1); which must be reckoned to him, not of debt, but of grace; wherefore it follows, that he was justified, not by works, but by the grace of God imputed to him; that which his faith believed in for righteousness. The distinction of a reward of grace, and of debt, was known to the Jews; a the one they called srp , the other rk : the former they say is lwmgh , a benefit, which is freely of grace bestowed on an undeserving person, or one he is not obliged to; the other is what is given, ydb , of debt, in strict justice.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-12 - To meet the views of the
    Jews, the apostle first refers to the exampl of Abraham, in whom the Jews gloried as their most renowned forefather However exalted in various respects, he had nothing to boast in the presence of God, being saved by grace, through faith, even as others Without noticing the years which passed before his call, and the failures at times in his obedience, and even in his faith, it wa expressly stated in Scripture that "he believed God, and it was counte to him for righteousness," Ge 15:6. From this example it is observed that if any man could work the full measure required by the law, the reward must be reckoned as a debt, which evidently was not the cas even of Abraham, seeing faith was reckoned to him for righteousness When believers are justified by faith, "their faith being counted for righteousness," their faith does not justify them as a part, small of great, of their righteousness; but as the appointed means of unitin them to Him who has chosen as the name whereby he shall be called, "the Lord our Righteousness." Pardoned people are the only blessed people It clearly appears from the Scripture, that Abraham was justifie several years before his circumcision. It is, therefore, plain tha this rite was not necessary in order to justification. It was a sign of the original corruption of human nature. And it was such a sign as wa also an outward seal, appointed not only to confirm God's promises to him and to his seed, and their obligation to be the Lord's, but likewise to assure him of his being already a real partaker of the righteousness of faith. Thus Abraham was the spiritual forefather of all believers, who walked after the example of his obedient faith. The seal of the Holy Spirit in our sanctification, making us new creatures is the inward evidence of the righteousness of faith.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    τω
    3588 T-DSM δε 1161 CONJ εργαζομενω 2038 5740 V-PNP-DSM ο 3588 T-NSM μισθος 3408 N-NSM ου 3756 PRT-N λογιζεται 3049 5736 V-PNI-3S κατα 2596 PREP χαριν 5485 N-ASF αλλα 235 CONJ κατα 2596 PREP το 3588 T-ASN οφειλημα 3783 N-ASN

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    4. The
    reward (o misqov). See on 2 Pet. ii. 13.

    Not of grace but of debt (ou kata carin alla kata ofeilhma). Lit., according to grace, etc. Not grace but debt is the regulative standard according to which his compensation is awarded. The workman for hire represents the legal method of salvation; he who does not work for hire, the gospel method; wages cannot be tendered as a gift. Grace is out of the question when wages is in question.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:4 {But as of debt} (alla kata ofeilema). An illustration of the workman (ergazomen"i) who gets his wages due him, "not as of grace" (ou kata carin).


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