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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Romans 4:12


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    King James Bible - Romans 4:12

    And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

    World English Bible

    He is the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had in uncircumcision.

    Douay-Rheims - Romans 4:12

    And might be the father of circumcision; not to them only, that are of the circumcision, but to them also that
    follow the steps of the faithful, that is in the uncircumcision of our father Abraham.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had being yet uncircumcised.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ πατερα 3962 N-ASM περιτομης 4061 N-GSF τοις 3588 T-DPM ουκ 3756 PRT-N εκ 1537 PREP περιτομης 4061 N-GSF μονον 3440 ADV αλλα 235 CONJ και 2532 CONJ τοις 3588 T-DPM στοιχουσιν 4748 5723 V-PAP-DPM τοις 3588 T-DPN ιχνεσιν 2487 N-DPN της 3588 T-GSF εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF ακροβυστια 203 N-DSF πιστεως 4102 N-GSF του 3588 T-GSM πατρος 3962 N-GSM ημων 2257 P-1GP αβρααμ 11 N-PRI

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (12) -
    Ro 9:6,7 Mt 3:9 Lu 16:23-31 Joh 8:39,40 Ga 4:22-31

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:12

    que sea padre de la circuncisin, no solamente a los que son de la circuncisin, sino tambin a los que siguen las pisadas de la fe que fue en nuestro padre Abraham antes de ser circuncidado.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Romans 4:12

    Verse 12. And the
    father of circumcision] He is also the head and representative of all the circumcision of all the JEWS who walk in the steps of that faith; who seek for justification by faith only, and not by the works of the law; for this was the faith that Abraham had before he received circumcision. For, the covenant being made with Abraham while he was a Gentile, he became the representative of the Gentiles, and they primarily were included in that covenant, and the Jews were brought in only consequentially; but salvation, implying justification by faith, originally belonged to the Gentiles; and, when the Gospel came, they laid hold on this as their original right, having been granted to them by the free mercy of God in their father and representative, Abraham. So that the Jews, to be saved, must come under that Abrahamic covenant, in which the Gentiles are included. This is an unanswerable conclusion, and must, on this point, for ever confound the Jews.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 12. And the
    father of circumcision , etc..] So the Jews call Abraham ylwmynh ar f58 , the head of those that are circumcised; and ylwml ar f59 , the head to them that are circumcised; but the apostle here says, he is a father to them who are not of the circumcision only ; not to the Jews only, in a spiritual sense, and not to all of them, since some were of Israel, who were not Israel, not Israelites indeed, or true believers; but [to such] also [who] walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had, being yet uncircumcised ; that is, who have the same faith he had; imitate and follow him in the exercise of faith; walk by faith, as he did when he was uncircumcised, as they are; and so the Jews say f60 , Abraham is the father of all, wtnwmab wyrja yab , that go after him in his faith.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-12 - To meet the views of the
    Jews, the apostle first refers to the exampl of Abraham, in whom the Jews gloried as their most renowned forefather However exalted in various respects, he had nothing to boast in the presence of God, being saved by grace, through faith, even as others Without noticing the years which passed before his call, and the failures at times in his obedience, and even in his faith, it wa expressly stated in Scripture that "he believed God, and it was counte to him for righteousness," Ge 15:6. From this example it is observed that if any man could work the full measure required by the law, the reward must be reckoned as a debt, which evidently was not the cas even of Abraham, seeing faith was reckoned to him for righteousness When believers are justified by faith, "their faith being counted for righteousness," their faith does not justify them as a part, small of great, of their righteousness; but as the appointed means of unitin them to Him who has chosen as the name whereby he shall be called, "the Lord our Righteousness." Pardoned people are the only blessed people It clearly appears from the Scripture, that Abraham was justifie several years before his circumcision. It is, therefore, plain tha this rite was not necessary in order to justification. It was a sign of the original corruption of human nature. And it was such a sign as wa also an outward seal, appointed not only to confirm God's promises to him and to his seed, and their obligation to be the Lord's, but likewise to assure him of his being already a real partaker of the righteousness of faith. Thus Abraham was the spiritual forefather of all believers, who walked after the example of his obedient faith. The seal of the Holy Spirit in our sanctification, making us new creatures is the inward evidence of the righteousness of faith.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ πατερα 3962 N-ASM περιτομης 4061 N-GSF τοις 3588 T-DPM ουκ 3756 PRT-N εκ 1537 PREP περιτομης 4061 N-GSF μονον 3440 ADV αλλα 235 CONJ και 2532 CONJ τοις 3588 T-DPM στοιχουσιν 4748 5723 V-PAP-DPM τοις 3588 T-DPN ιχνεσιν 2487 N-DPN της 3588 T-GSF εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF ακροβυστια 203 N-DSF πιστεως 4102 N-GSF του 3588 T-GSM πατρος 3962 N-GSM ημων 2257 P-1GP αβρααμ 11 N-PRI

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    12.
    Father of circumcision. Of circumcised persons. The abstract term is used for the concrete. See on xi. 7.

    Who not only are - but who also walk. Apparently Paul speaks of two classes, but really of but one, designated by two different attributes. The awkwardness arises from the article toiv, erroneously repeated with stoicousin walk, which latter word expresses an added characteristic, not another class. Paul means that Abraham received a seal, etc., that he might be the father of circumcision to those who not only are circumcised, but who add to this outward sign the faith which Abraham exhibited.

    Walk (stoicousin). See on elements, 2 Pet. iii. 10.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:12 {The father of circumcision} (patera peritomes). The accusative with eis to einai to be repeated from verse #11. Lightfoot takes it to mean, not "a father of a circumcised progeny," but "a father belonging to circumcision," a less natural interpretation. {But who also walk} (alla kai tois stoicousin). The use of tois here is hard to explain, for ou monon and alla kai both come after the preceding tois. All the MSS. have it thus. A primitive error in a copyist is suggested by Hort who would omit the second tois. Lightfoot regards it less seriously and would repeat the second tois in the English: "To those who are, I do not say of circumcision only, but also to those who walk." {In the steps} (tois ichnesin). Locative case. See on 2Co 12:18. stoicew is military term, to walk in file as in #Ga 5:25; Php 3:16.


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