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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Corinthians 2:14

    CHAPTERS: 2 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17




    King James Bible - 2 Corinthians 2:14

    Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.

    World English Bible

    Now thanks be to God, who always leads us in triumph in Christ, and reveals through us the sweet aroma of his knowledge in every

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Corinthians 2:14

    Now thanks be to God, who always maketh us to triumph in Christ Jesus, and manifesteth the odour of his knowledge by us in every

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now thanks be to God, who always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savor of his knowledge by us in every

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3588 T-DSM δε 1161 CONJ θεω 2316 N-DSM χαρις 5485 N-NSF τω 3588 T-DSM παντοτε 3842 ADV θριαμβευοντι 2358 5723 V-PAP-DSM ημας 2248 P-1AP εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSM χριστω 5547 N-DSM και 2532 CONJ την 3588 T-ASF οσμην 3744 N-ASF της 3588 T-GSF γνωσεως 1108 N-GSF αυτου 846 P-GSM φανερουντι 5319 5723 V-PAP-DSM δι 1223 PREP ημων 2257 P-1GP εν 1722 PREP παντι 3956 A-DSM τοπω 5117 N-DSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (14) -
    2Co 1:11; 8:16; 9:15 Eph 5:20 1Th 3:9 Re 7:12

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:14

    Mas a Dios gracias; el cual hace que siempre triunfemos en el Cristo Jess y manifiesta el olor de su conocimiento por nosotros en todo lugar.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Corinthians 2:14

    Verse 14. Now, thanks be unto
    God] His coming dispelled all my fears, and was the cause of the highest satisfaction to my mind; and filled my heart with gratitude to God, who is the Author of all good, and who always causes us to triumph in Christ; not only gives us the victory, but such a victory as involves the total ruin of our enemies; and gives us cause of triumphing in him, through whom we have obtained this victory.

    A triumph, among the Romans, to which the apostle here alludes, was a public and solemn honour conferred by them on a victorious general, by allowing him a magnificent procession through the city.

    This was not granted by the senate unless the general had gained a very signal and decisive victory; conquered a province, &c. On such occasions the general was usually clad in a rich purple robe, interwoven with figures of gold, setting forth the grandeur of his achievements; his buskins were beset with pearls, and he wore a crown, which at first was of laurel, but was afterwards of pure gold. In one hand he had a branch of laurel, the emblem of victory; and in the other, his truncheon. He was carried in a magnificent chariot, adorned with ivory and plates of gold, and usually drawn by two white horses. (Other animals were also used: when Pompey triumphed over Africa, his chariot was drawn by elephants; that of Mark Antony, by lions; that of Heliogabalus, by tigers; and that of Aurelius, by deer.) His children either sat at his feet in the chariot, or rode on the chariot horses. To keep him humble amidst these great honours a slave stood at his back, casting out incessant railings, and reproaches; and carefully enumerating all his vices, &c. Musicians led up the procession, and played triumphal pieces in praise of the general; and these were followed by young men, who led the victims which were to be sacrificed on the occasion, with their horns gilded, and their heads and necks adorned with ribbons and garlands. Next followed carts loaded with the spoils taken from the enemy, with their horses, chariots, &c. These were followed by the kings, princes, or generals taken in the war, loaded with chains. Immediately after these came the triumphal chariot, before which, as it passed, the people strewed flowers, and shouted Io, triumphe! The triumphal chariot was followed by the senate; and the procession was closed by the priests and their attendants, with the different sacrificial utensils, and a white ox, which was to be the chief victim. They then passed through the triumphal arch, along the via sacra to the capitol, where the victims were slain.

    During this time all the temples were opened, and every altar smoked with offerings and incense.

    The people at Corinth were sufficiently acquainted with the nature of a triumph: about two hundred years before this, Lucius Mummius, the Roman consul, had conquered all Achaia, destroyed Corinth, Thebes, and Chalcis; and, by order of the senate, had a grand triumph, and was surnamed Achaicus. St. Paul had now a triumph (but of a widely different kind) over the same people; his triumph was in Christ, and to Christ he gives all the glory; his sacrifice was that of thanksgiving to his Lord; and the incense offered on the occasion caused the savour of the knowledge of Christ to be manifested in every place. As the smoke of the victims and incense offered on such an occasion would fill the whole city with their perfume, so the odour of the name and doctrine of Christ filled the whole of Corinth and the neighbouring regions; and the apostles appeared as triumphing in and through Christ, over devils, idols, superstition, ignorance, and vice, wherever they came.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 14. Now thanks be unto God , etc..] The apostle having mentioned the door that was opened for him at Troas, to preach the Gospel with success, calls to mind the great and manifold appearances of God for him and his fellow ministers, in blessing their labours to the conversion of many souls; which causes him to break forth into thanksgiving to God, on this account: what he takes notice of, and is thankful to God for is, that he always causeth us to triumph in Christ ; not only had done so, but continued to do so: some versions ascribe this act of triumph to God, as his act, reading the passage thus, now thanks be unto God, who triumphs over us, or by us in Christ; who has conquered us by his grace, and made use of us as instruments for the conversion of sinners; and so first triumphed over us, having subdued us to himself, and then over others by us, in whose hearts the arrows of his word have been sharp and powerful: so the word is used for the person's own act of triumph spoken of, (Co 2:15), but here it signifies, as words do in the Hebrew conjugation Hiphil, which most commonly denotes an effect upon another, or which is caused and produced in another, and is rightly rendered, which causeth us to triumph; and refers not to the triumph of faith, common with the apostles to other believers; though this is in Christ, in his righteousness, death, resurrection, ascension, session at God's right hand, and intercession; and is what God causes, and to whom thanks is to be given for it: but this is a triumph peculiar to ministers of the Gospel, who are made to triumph over men and devils, over the world, the reproaches, persecutions, smiles, and flatteries of it; over wicked men, by silencing them, stopping the mouths of gainsayers, refuting false teachers, and preserving the Gospel pure, in spite of all opposition; and by being made useful to the turning of many souls from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God: and this is in Christ : it is owing to the victory he has got; it is by his strength, it is in his name, for his sake, and because of his glory herein concerned: and always ; wherever the ministers of Christ are called to labour, and wherever the Gospel is purely and powerfully preached by them, some good is done; and they are made to triumph over hell and earth, over sin, Satan, and the world; and for all this, thanks is due to God; for he it is that causes them to triumph, or they never could; as will easily appear, if we consider what poor weak instruments they themselves are; what opposition is made against them; what wonderful things are done by them; by what means they triumph, by the preaching of the cross, and that in the midst of the greatest pressures and afflictions. Thanks are also given to God, that he maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place ; by his knowledge is meant, either the knowledge of God, who causes the ministers of the Gospel to triumph; or the knowledge of Christ, in whom they triumph; or rather of both, of the knowledge of God in Christ; and designs the Gospel, which is the means thereof: and which is said to have a savour in it, and denotes the acceptableness of it to sensible souls; and the good name, fame, and credit, which Christ has by the faithful ministration of it; and is an allusion to ( Song of Solomon 1:3). Now this, God is said to make manifest; it was hid before, hid in himself, and to the sons of men; it was like a box of ointment shut, but now opened by the preaching of the word, which diffuses a fragrant smell; and therefore he is said to make it manifest by us: the ministers of the Gospel, who openly, boldly, and faithfully preach it; and by manifestation of the truth; spread the savour of it, and that in every place, where they come; their commission being at large, to go into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 12-17 - A
    believer's triumphs are all in Christ. To him be the praise and glor of all, while the success of the gospel is a good reason for Christian's joy and rejoicing. In ancient triumphs, abundance of perfumes and sweet odours were used; so the name and salvation of Jesus, as ointment poured out, was a sweet savour diffused in ever place. Unto some, the gospel is a savour of death unto death. The reject it to their ruin. Unto others, the gospel is a savour of lif unto life: as it quickened them at first when they were dead in trespasses and sins, so it makes them more lively, and will end in eternal life. Observe the awful impressions this matter made upon the apostle, and should also make upon us. The work is great, and of ourselves we have no strength at all; all our sufficiency is of God But what we do in religion, unless it is done in sincerity, as in the sight of God, is not of God, does not come from him, and will not reac to him. May we carefully watch ourselves in this matter; and seek the testimony of our consciences, under the teaching of the Holy Spirit that as of sincerity, so speak we in Christ and of Christ __________________________________________________________________

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3588 T-DSM δε 1161 CONJ θεω 2316 N-DSM χαρις 5485 N-NSF τω 3588 T-DSM παντοτε 3842 ADV θριαμβευοντι 2358 5723 V-PAP-DSM ημας 2248 P-1AP εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSM χριστω 5547 N-DSM και 2532 CONJ την 3588 T-ASF οσμην 3744 N-ASF της 3588 T-GSF γνωσεως 1108 N-GSF αυτου 846 P-GSM φανερουντι 5319 5723 V-PAP-DSM δι 1223 PREP ημων 2257 P-1GP εν 1722 PREP παντι 3956 A-DSM τοπω 5117 N-DSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    14. Causeth to
    triumph (qriambeuonti). This rendering is inadmissible, the word being habitually used with the accusative (direct objective) case of the person or thing triumphed over, and never of the triumphing subject. Hence, to lead in triumph. It occurs only here and Col. ii. 15. It is not found in any Greek author later than Paul's date. It is derived from qriambov a hymn to Bacchus, sung in festal processions, and was used to denote the Roman "triumph," celebrated by victorious generals on their return from their campaigns. The general entered the city in a chariot, preceded by the captives and spoils taken in war, and followed by his troops, and proceeded in state along the sacred way to the Capitol, where he offered sacrifices in the temple of Jupiter. He was accompanied in his chariot by his young children, and sometimes by confidential friends, while behind him stood a slave, holding over his head a jewelled crown. The body of the infantry brought up the rear, their spears adorned with laurel. They shouted "triumph!" and sang hymns in praise of the gods or of their leader. Paul describes himself and the other subjects of Christ's grace under the figure of this triumphal pomp, in which they are led as trophies of the Redeemer's conquest. 140 Render, as Rev., which always leadeth us in triumph in Christ. Compare ch. x. 5.

    The savor of His knowledge. According to the Greek usage, savor and knowledge are in apposition, so that the knowledge of Christ is symbolized as an odor communicating its nature and efficacy through the apostle's work, "permeating the world as a cloud of frankincense" (Stanley). For a similar usage see on ch. i. 22. The idea of the Roman triumph is still preserved in this figure. On these occasions the temples were all thrown open, garlands of flowers decorated every shrine and image, and incense smoked on every altar, so that the victor was greeted with a cloud of perfume. Compare Aeschylus on the festivities at the return of Agamemnon from Troy:

    "The altars blaze with gifts; And here and there, heaven high the torch uplifts Flame, - medicated with persuasions mild, With foul admixture unbeguiled - Of holy unguent, from the clotted chrism Brought from the palace, safe in its abysm." "Agamemnon," 91-96, Browning's Translation.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    2:14 {But thanks be unto God} (twi de qewi caris). Sudden outburst of gratitude in contrast to the previous dejection in Troas. Surely a new paragraph should begin here. In point of fact Paul makes a long digression from here to #6:10 on the subject of the Glory of the Christian Ministry as Bachmann points out in his _Kommentar_ (p. 124), only he runs it from #2:12-7:1 (_Aus der Tiefe in die Hohe_, Out of the Depths to the Heights). We can be grateful for this emotional outburst, Paul's rebound of joy on meeting Titus in Macedonia, for it has given the world the finest exposition of all sides of the Christian ministry in existence, one that reveals the wealth of Paul's nature and his mature grasp of the great things in service for Christ. See my _The Glory of the Ministry (An Exposition of II Cor. 2:12-6:10_). {Always} (pantote). The sense of present triumph has blotted out the gloom at Troas. {Leadeth in triumph} (qriambeuonti). Late common _Koin_ word from qriambos (Latin _triumphus_, a hymn sung in festal processions to Bacchus). Verbs in -eu" (like maqeteuw, to make disciples) may be causative, but no example of qriambeuw has been found with this meaning. It is always to lead in triumph, in papyri sometimes to make a show of. Picture here is of Paul as captive in God's triumphal procession. {The savor} (ten osmen). In a Roman triumph garlands of flowers scattered sweet odor and incense bearers dispensed perfumes. The knowledge of God is here the aroma which Paul had scattered like an incense bearer.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17


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