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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Samuel 23:4


    CHAPTERS: 2 Samuel 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB - COMM

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    King James Bible - 2 Samuel 23:4

    And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

    World English Bible

    shall be as the
    light of the morning, when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when the tender grass springs out of the earth, through clear shining after rain.'

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Samuel 23:4

    As the
    light of the morning, when the sun riseth, shineth in the morning without clouds, and as the grass springeth out of the earth by rain.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And he shall be as the
    light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

    Original Hebrew

    וכאור
    216 בקר 1242 יזרח 2224 שׁמשׁ 8121 בקר 1242 לא 3808 עבות 5645 מנגה 5051 ממטר 4306 דשׁא 1877 מארץ׃ 776

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    Jud 5:31 Ps 89:36; 110:3 Pr 4:18 Isa 60:1,3,18-20 Ho 6:5

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 23:4

    Y como la luz de la mañana cuando sale el sol, de la mañana resplandeciente sin nubes; como resplandor por llovizna sobre la yerba de la tierra.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:4

    Verse 4. He shall be as the
    light of the morning] This verse is very obscure, for it does not appear from it who the person is of whom the prophet speaks. As the Messiah seems to be the whole subject of these last words of David, he is probably the person intended. One of Dr. Kennicott's MSS. Supplies the word hwhy Yehovah; and he therefore translates, As the light of the morning ariseth Jehovah (see below) He shall be the Sun of righteousness, bringing salvation in his rays, and shining-illuminating the children of men, with increasing splendour, as long as the sun and moon endure.

    As the tender grass] The effects of this shining, and of the rays of his grace, shall be like the shining of the sun upon the young grass or corn, after a plentiful shower of rain.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 4. And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds , etc.] That is, such a ruler that rules in righteousness, and in the fear of God; he is the light and glory of his people, who guides and directs them, makes them cheerful and comfortable; his administrations are pleasant and delightful, and promise a growing and increasing happiness to them, like the morning light and rising sun; and there are no clouds, nor forebodings of dark times, affliction and distress, coming upon them, but all the reverse: and with Christ these metaphors well suit, who is the true light that shines, ( John 1:9); the morning star, ( Revelation 22:16); the dayspring from on high, ( Luke 1:78); the sun of righteousness, ( Malachi 4:2); and light of the world, ( John 8:2 9:5); his going forth or appearance in human nature, at his incarnation, was as the morning, ( Hosea 6:3); the first discovery him to Adam, after sin had brought a night of darkness on the world, was as the dawn of the morning; and this light like that of the morning increased, fresh and clearer discoveries of him being made to the patriarchs afterwards; and though as yet the sun was not up, and it was not a morning without clouds, yet the discoveries then made brought joy with them, as to Abraham and others, and were a sure sign of the sun rising. When Christ appeared in the flesh, the sun of righteousness then arose, and scattered the darkness of the night, both in the Jewish and Gentile world; introduced the light of the Gospel to a greater degree than it was under the legal dispensation, and made the Gospel day; which was not only like the morning light, growing and increasing, but was as a morning without clouds, without the darkness of the ceremonial law, the shadows of which now disappeared; and without the storms and tempests of the moral law, its curses being bore and removed by Christ; and without the frowns of divine wrath, reconciliation and satisfaction being made by him: and this is all applicable particularly to the government of Christ, which is delightful and grateful to his people, serviceable and beneficial to them, under which they enjoy great peace and prosperity; and which will more and more increase, and stilt be more glorious and illustrious, (see Psalm 72:7,8 Isaiah 30:26). A learned writer has observed, that in an ancient manuscript the word “Jehovah” is inserted and read thus, “and as the light of the morning shall arise Jehovah the sun,” which clearly points to Christ the sun of righteousness; and be it an interpolation, it gives the true sense of the words: a glorious, beautiful, and illustrious person is described in Ovid by the same figure as here: [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain ; which springs up the faster, and is more flourishing after a shower of rain, and when upon that the sun breaks out and shines clearly: or “from clear shining from rain” f378 ; that is, the springing of the tender grass out of the earth is owing partly to the rain which falls in the night, and partly to the sun rising in the morning, and the clear shine of it: this may denote the fruitful and flourishing estate which a good and righteous ruler over men is the happy instrument of bringing his people into; and may be applied both to the incarnation of Christ, when he grew up as a tender plant, or as the tender grass, mean in his original and descent, weak in himself as man; and yet this fruit of the earth was excellent and comely, beautiful and glorious, and the springing of it owing to the favour and good will of God, and his coming was as the latter and former rain to the earth, ( Hosea 6:3); and to the government of Christ, and the benefits of it to his church and people; who flourish under it the light of his grace and favour, and through rains of Gospel doctrines they are blessed with: or “than clear shining, than rain”; Christ is more beneficial to his people, who are comparable to grass for their meanness, and weakness, and number, than the sun and rain are to the grass in the field.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-7 - These
    words of David are very worthy of regard. Let those who have ha long experience of God's goodness, and the pleasantness of heavenl wisdom, when they come to finish their course, bear their testimony to the truth of the promise. David avows his Divine inspiration, that the Spirit of God spake by him. He, and other holy men, spake and wrote a they were moved by the Holy Ghost. In many things he had his ow neglect and wrong conduct to blame. But David comforted himself tha the Lord had made with him an everlasting covenant. By this he principally intended the covenant of mercy and peace, which the Lor made with him as a sinner, who believed in the promised Saviour, wh embraced the promised blessing, who yielded up himself to the Lord, to be his redeemed servant. Believers shall for ever enjoy covenan blessings; and God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, shall be for eve glorified in their salvation. Thus pardon, righteousness, grace, an eternal life, are secured as the gift of God through Jesus Christ There is an infinite fulness of grace and all blessings treasured up in Christ, for those who seek his salvation. This covenant was all David' salvation, he so well knew the holy law of God and the extent of his own sinfulness, that he perceived what was needful for his own case in this salvation. It was therefore all his desire. In comparison, all earthly objects lost their attractions; he was willing to give them up or to die and leave them, that he might enjoy full happiness, P 73:24-28. Still the power of evil, and the weakness of his faith, hope and love, were his grief and burden. Doubtless he would have allowe that his own slackness and want of care were the cause; but the hop that he should soon be made perfect in glory, encouraged him in his dying moments.


    Original Hebrew

    וכאור 216 בקר 1242 יזרח 2224 שׁמשׁ 8121 בקר 1242 לא 3808 עבות 5645 מנגה 5051 ממטר 4306 דשׁא 1877 מארץ׃ 776


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39

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