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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ecclesiastes 10:17


    CHAPTERS: Ecclesiastes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

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    King James Bible - Ecclesiastes 10:17

    Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

    World English Bible

    Happy are you,
    land, when your king is the son of nobles, and your princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

    Douay-Rheims - Ecclesiastes 10:17

    Blessed is the
    land, whose king is noble, and whose princes eat in due season for refreshment, and not for riotousness.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Blessed
    art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

    Original Hebrew

    אשׁריך
    835 ארץ 776 שׁמלכך 4428 בן 1121 חורים 2715 ושׂריך 8269 בעת 6256 יאכלו 398 בגבורה 1369 ולא 3808 בשׁתי׃ 8358

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (17) -
    :6,7 Pr 28:2,3 Jer 30:21

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:17

    ¡Bienaventurada, tú, tierra, cuando tu rey es hijo de nobles, y tus príncipes comen a su hora, para reponer sus fuerzas, y no por el beber!

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ecclesiastes 10:17

    Verse 17. When thy king is the son of nobles - uiov eleuyerwn, the son of freemen; persons well acquainted with the
    principles of civil liberty, and who rule according to them. - Septuagint. Such a one as comes to the throne in a legitimate way, from an ancient regal family, whose right to the throne is incontestable. It requires such a long time to establish a regal right, that the state is in continual danger from pretenders and usurpers, where the king is not the son of nobles.

    And thy princes eat in due season - All persons in places of trust for the public weal, from the king to the lowest public functionary, should know, that the public are exceedingly scandalized at repeated accounts of entertainments, where irregularity prevails, much money is expended, and no good done. These things are drawn into precedent, and quoted to countenance debauch in the inferior classes. The natural division of the day for necessary repasts is, BREAKFAST, eight, or half after; DINNER, one, or half after; SUPPER, eight, or half after. And these, or even earliers hours were formerly observed in these countries. Then we had scarcely any such thing as gout, and no nervous disorders.

    In ancient nations the custom was to eat but once, and then about mid-day.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 17. Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles , etc.] Or “heroes” f244 , called “Hhorim” in the Hebrew, which signifies “white”; either from the white garment they wore, or rather from the purity and ingenuity of their minds and manners; being illustrious persons, not only by birth and education, but in their lives and actions. Now a land is happy when it is governed by a king that is not only descended from a race of heroes and illustrious men, and has a princely and liberal education; but that imitates his ancestors, and treads in their steps, and is famous himself for wisdom, virtue, and real piety, in which true nobility consists; and so the Vulgate Latin version renders it, “whose king is noble”; who is of an ingenuous mind, has princely virtues and qualifications; who is wise and prudent, skilful in the affairs of government, and assiduous and industrious therein; for as, on the one hand, kings may, as they commonly do, descend from illustrious progenitors, and yet be base and wicked, ignoble and infamous, in their administration; and, on the other hand, persons may be raised from a low estate to royal dignity, as David and others, and yet behave with great prudence and ingenuity. The Targum applies this to the land of Israel also, and instances in Hezekiah, a man mighty in the law; and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness ; that is, eat their meals at proper times, and that after they have been at business; to refresh nature, and recruit their strength, that they may be fit for further service; and do not indulge themselves, and spend their time, in rioting and drunkenness; which would render them very unfit for public business, to sit in council, or in any court of judicature: according to the Targum, the time was four o’clock, that is, ten o’clock in the morning. Or, “not unto drinking” or “drunkenness” f245 ; they do not eat so as to cause an appetite, or eager desire for drinking to excess: or, not “with drinking” f246 ; their eating is not attended with excessive drinking; they eat and drink moderately. The Egyptians had a law, which fixed such a measure of wine to be allowed their kings daily, and no more f247 ; and it was Solon’s law, given to the Athenians, that if a prince was found drunk, death was his punishment f248 ; and, with the Indians, if a woman killed a drunken king, her reward was to marry his successor f249 : all which show how odious drunkenness was with the Heathens, and especially in their kings and princes; (see Proverbs 31:4,5). So Plato observes f250 , that “drunkenness ought to be abstained from; and rather it should be allowed to any than to a keeper, (that is, of a city and its laws, a Civil magistrate), for it would be ridiculous for a keeper to need a keeper.”

    Jerom, as before observed, interprets this figuratively, “blessed is the land”, of the church; whose “King” is Christ, the son of nobles, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and whose “princes” are the apostles, who seek not pleasure in this world, but shall eat in the world to come.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    To preserve a character for wisdom. (Eccl. 10:1-3) Respecting subject and rulers. (Eccl. 10:4-10) Of foolish talk. (Eccl. 10:11-15) Duties of rulers and subjects. (Eccl. 10:16-20)

    Eccl. 10:1-3 Those especially who make a profession of religion, shoul keep from all appearances of evil. A wise man has great advantage ove a fool, who is always at a loss when he has anything to do. Sin is the reproach of sinners, wherever they go, and shows their folly.

    Eccl. 10:4-10 Solomon appears to caution men not to seek redress in hasty manner, nor to yield to pride and revenge. Do not, in a passion quit thy post of duty; wait awhile, and thou wilt find that yieldin pacifies great offences. Men are not preferred according to their merit. And those are often most forward to offer help, who are leas aware of the difficulties, or the consequences. The same remark i applied to the church, or the body of Christ, that all the member should have the same care one for another.

    Eccl. 10:11-15 There is a practice in the East, of charming serpents by music. The babbler's tongue is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison and contradiction only makes it the more violent. We must find the way to keep him gentle. But by rash, unprincipled, or slanderous talk, he brings open or secret vengeance upon himself. Would we duly conside our own ignorance as to future events, it would cut off many idle word which we foolishly multiply. Fools toil a great deal to no purpose They do not understand the plainest things, such as the entrance into great city. But it is the excellency of the way to the heavenly city that it is a high-way, in which the simplest wayfaring men shall no err, Is. 25:8. But sinful folly makes men miss that only way to happiness.

    Eccl. 10:16-20 The happiness of a land depends on the character of it rulers. The people cannot be happy when their princes are childish, an lovers of pleasure. Slothfulness is of ill consequence both to privat and public affairs. Money, of itself, will neither feed nor clothe though it answers the occasions of this present life, as what is to be had, may generally be had for money. But the soul, as it is no redeemed, so it is not maintained with corruptible things, as silve and gold. God sees what men do, and hears what they say in secret; and when he pleases, brings it to light by strange and unsuspected ways. I there be hazard in secret thoughts and whispers against earthly rulers what must be the peril from every deed, word, or thought of rebellio against the King of kings, and Lord of lords! He seeth in secret. Hi ear is ever open. Sinner! curse not THIS KING in thy inmost thought Your curses cannot affect Him; but his curse, coming down upon you will sink you to the lowest hell __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    אשׁריך 835 ארץ 776 שׁמלכך 4428 בן 1121 חורים 2715 ושׂריך 8269 בעת 6256 יאכלו 398 בגבורה 1369 ולא 3808 בשׁתי׃ 8358


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

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