SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:1 Â¶ Y el ángel del SEÑOR subió de Gilgal a Boquim, y dijo: Yo os saqué de Egipto, y os introduje en la tierra de la cual había jurado a vuestros padres; y dije: No invalidaré jamás mi pacto con vosotros;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Judges 2:1 Verse 1. An angel of the Lord] In the preceding chapter we have a summary of several things which took place shortly after the death of Joshua; especially during the time in which the elders lived (that is, the men who were contemporary with Joshua, but survived him,) and while the people continued faithful to the Lord. In this chapter, and some parts of the following, we have an account of the same people abandoned by their God and reduced to the heaviest calamities, because they had broken their covenant with their Maker. This chapter, and the first eight verses of the next, may be considered as an epitome of the whole book, in which we see, on one hand, the crimes of the Israelites; and on the other, the punishments inflicted on them by the Lord; their repentance, and return to their allegiance; and the long- suffering and mercy of God, shown in pardoning their backslidings, and delivering them out of the hands of their enemies. The angel of the Lord, mentioned here, is variously interpreted; some think it was Phinehas, the high priest, which is possible; others, that it was a prophet, sent to the place where they were now assembled, with an extraordinary commission from God, to reprove them for their sins, and to show them the reason why God had not rooted out their enemies from the land; this is the opinion of the Chaldee paraphrast, consequently of the ancient Jews; others think that an angel, properly such, is intended; and several are of opinion that it was the Angel of the Covenant, the Captain of the Lord's host, which had appeared unto Joshua, chap. v. 14, and no less than the Lord Jesus Christ himself. I think it more probable that some extraordinary human messenger is meant, as such messengers, and indeed prophets, apostles, &c., are frequently termed angels, that is, messengers of the Lord. The person here mentioned appears to have been a resident at Gilgal, and to have come to Bochim on this express errand.
I will never break my covenant] Nor did God ever break it. A covenant is never broken but by him who violates the conditions of it: when any of the contracting parties violates any of the conditions, the covenant is then broken, and by that party alone; and the conditions on the other side are null and void.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. And an angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to Bochim , etc.] The Targum calls him a prophet f23 ; and the Jewish commentators in general interpret it of Phinehas f24 ; and that a man is meant is given into by others, because he is said to come from a certain place in Canaan, and not from heaven, and spoke in a public congregation, and is not said to disappear; but neither a man nor a created angel is meant, or otherwise he would have spoken in the name of the Lord, and have said, “thus saith the Lord”, and not in his own name; ascribing to himself the bringing of the children of Israel out of Egypt, and swearing to them, and making a covenant with them, and threatening what he would do to them because of their sin; wherefore the uncreated Angel, the Angel of the covenant, is meant, who brought Israel out of Egypt, was with them in the wilderness, and introduced them into the land of Canaan, and appeared to Joshua as the Captain of the Lord’s host at or near Gilgal, ( Joshua 5:13,14); and because he had not appeared since, therefore he is said to come from thence to a place afterwards called Bochim, from what happened at this time: and said, I made you to go out of Egypt ; that is, obliged Pharaoh king of Egypt to let them go, by inflicting plagues upon him and his people, which made them urgent upon them to depart: and I have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers ; into the land of Canaan, now for the most part conquered, and divided among them, and in which they were settled: and I said, I will never break my covenant with you ; if the covenant between them was broken, it should not begin with him, it would be their own fault; all which is mentioned, as so many instances of divine goodness to them, and as so many aggravations of their sins against God.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-5 - It was the great Angel of the covenant, the Word, the Son of God, wh spake with Divine authority as Jehovah, and now called them to accoun for their disobedience. God sets forth what he had done for Israel, an what he had promised. Those who throw off communion with God, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, know not what they d now, and will have nothing to say for themselves in the day of accoun shortly. They must expect to suffer for this their folly. Those deceiv themselves who expect advantages from friendship with God's enemies God often makes men's sin their punishment; and thorns and snares ar in the way of the froward, who will walk contrary to God. The people wept, crying out against their own folly and ingratitude. They tremble at the word, and not without cause. It is a wonder sinners can eve read the Bible with dry eyes. Had they kept close to God and their duty, no voice but that of singing had been heard in their congregation; but by their sin and folly they made other work for themselves, and nothing is to be heard but the voice of weeping. The worship of God, in its own nature, is joy, praise, and thanksgiving our sins alone render weeping needful. It is pleasing to see men wee for their sins; but our tears, prayers, and even amendment, cannot atone for sin.
Original Hebrew ויעל 5927 מלאך 4397 יהוה 3068 מן 4480 הגלגל 1537 אל 413 הבכים 1066 ויאמר 559 אעלה 5927 אתכם 853 ממצרים 4714 ואביא 935 אתכם 853 אל 413 הארץ 776 אשׁר 834 נשׁבעתי 7650 לאבתיכם 1 ואמר 559 לא 3808 אפר 6565 בריתי 1285 אתכם 854 לעולם׃ 5769