SEV Biblia, Chapter 6:2 Cuando una persona pecare, e hiciere prevaricación contra el SEŃOR, y negare a su prójimo lo encomendado o dejado en su mano, o bien robare, o calumniare a su prójimo;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Leviticus 6:2 Verse 2. Lie unto his neighbour, &c.] This must refer to a case in which a person delivered his property to his neighbour to be preserved for him, and took no witness to attest the delivery of the goods; such a person therefore might deny that he had ever received such goods, for he who had deposited them with him could bring no proof of the delivery. On the other hand, a man might accuse his neighbour of detaining property which had never been confided to him, or, after having been confided, had been restored again; hence the law here is very cautious on these points: and because in many cases it was impossible to come at the whole truth without a direct revelation from God, which should in no common case be expected, the penalties are very moderate; for in such cases, even when guilt was discovered, the man might not be so criminal as appearances might intimate. See the law concerning this laid down and explained, See "Exodus xxii. 7", &c.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the Lord , etc.] All sin is against the Lord, contrary to his nature and will, and a transgression of his law; but some sins are more apparently so than others, and against which he expresses greater indignation and abhorrence, being attended also with very aggravating circumstances, as these that follow; which are such as are not only contrary to the will of God, but to the good of society, and tend to the subversion of it, of which he is the founder and supporter, and especially when he is sworn by, and appealed to as a witness, in a case not only injurious but false: and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep ; whether money or goods, or any living creature, sheep, cow, horse, etc. and should deny that ever anything was delivered to him, and take his oath upon it; which is a very grievous crime, and not to go unpunished, as was known by the light of nature, and declared by the Heathen oracle f127 ; and yet there was to be a trespass offering to make atonement for such a sin:
Jarchi thinks, by his neighbour is meant a third person between them; but if that third person was a witness of the goods being delivered, there would have been no occasion of an oath, as follows: the case supposed seems to be, when anything was delivered to the care and custody of another, without the knowledge of any but the person that delivered it, and he to whom it was delivered; who retaining it for his own use, embezzling the goods, and acting the unfaithful part, affirms to the owner he never had anything of him, and so lies to him, and to that lie adds an oath of perjury: or in fellowship : in partnership; as, for instance, having received money belonging to them both, denies he ever received any, and so cheats his partner of what was his due, and being put to his oath, takes it: or, “in putting of the hand” f128 , as persons usually do when they enter into fellowship or partnership, they give each other their hand in token of it; or in putting anything into the hand, as money to trade with, and he denies he received any; or by way of purchase for anything bought, and the person of whom the purchase is made affirms the purchaser never put anything into his hand, or paid him anything, but insists upon being paid again; or in a way of lending, as Jarchi and Ben Gersom, because then money is put into the hand of him that receives it, and, in the case supposed, the borrower denies that ever any was put into his hand, or he borrowed any; and being called upon to swear, swears falsely: or in a thing taken away by violence : without the will and knowledge of the owner; privately and secretly, but being suspected, is challenged with it, and denying it, is made to swear, which he does falsely: or hath deceived his neighbour ; cheated him in trade and commerce, defrauded him in business, extorted money from him; or by calumny and false accusation got anything out of his hands, (see Luke 19:8) or by detaining the wages of the hireling; so Jarchi and Ben Gersom.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-7 - Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and eve despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Huma laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doin wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keepin what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generall accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender woul escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, accordin to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering whic taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, stil are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upo justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.
Original Hebrew נפשׁ 5315 כי 3588 תחטא 2398 ומעלה 4603 מעל 4604 ביהוה 3068 וכחשׁ 3584 בעמיתו 5997 בפקדון 6487 או 176 בתשׂומת 8667 יד 3027 או 176 בגזל 1498 או 176 עשׁק 6231 את 853 עמיתו׃ 5997