SEV Biblia, Chapter 6:3 o sea que hallando lo perdido, después lo negare, y jurare en falso, en alguna de todas aquellas cosas en que suele pecar el hombre;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Leviticus 6:3 Verse 3. Have found that which was lost] The Roman lawyers laid it down as a sound maxim of jurisprudence, "that he who found any property and applied it to his own use, should be considered as a thief whether he knew the owner or not; for in their view the crime was not lessened, supposing the finder was totally ignorant of the right owner." Qui alienum quid jacens lucri faciendi causa sustulit, furti obstringitur, sive scit, cujus sit, sive ignoravit; nihil enim ad furtum minuendum, facit, quod, cujus sit, ignoret. - DIGESTOR, lib. xlvii., Tit. ii., de furtis, Leg. xliii., sec.
4. On this subject every honest man must say, that the man who finds any lost property, and does not make all due inquiry to find out the owner, should, in sound policy, be treated as a thief. It is said of the Dyrbaeans, a people who inhabited the tract between Bactria and India, that if they met with any lost property, even on the public road, they never even touched it. This was actually the case in this kingdom in the time of Alfred the Great, about A. D. 888; so that golden bracelets hung up on the public roads were untouched by the finger of rapine. One of Solon's laws was, Take not up what you laid not down. How easy to act by this principle in case of finding lost property: "This is not mine, and it would be criminal to convert it to my use unless the owner be dead and his family extinct." When all due inquiry is made, if no owner can be found, the lost property may be legally considered to be the property of the finder.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 3. Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it , etc.] Who having found anything lost, at once concludes it his own, and converts it to his own use, never inquiring after the proprietor of it, or taking any method to get knowledge of him, and restore it to him; but so far from that, being suspected of finding it, and charged with it denies it:
Maimonides gives a reason why a lost thing should be restored, not only because so to do is a virtue in itself praiseworthy, but because it has a reciprocal utility; for if you do not restore another’s lost things, neither will your own be restored to you: and sweareth falsely ; which is to be understood, not of the last case only, but of all the rest, or of anyone of them, as it follows: in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein ; by unfaithfulness in a trust, cheating, defrauding, lying, and false swearing.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-7 - Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and eve despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Huma laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doin wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keepin what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generall accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender woul escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, accordin to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering whic taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, stil are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upo justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.
Original Hebrew או 176 מצא 4672 אבדה 9 וכחשׁ 3584 בה ונשׁבע 7650 על 5921 שׁקר 8267 על 5921 אחת 259 מכל 3605 אשׁר 834 יעשׂה 6213 האדם 120 לחטא 2398 בהנה׃ 2007