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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Nehemiah 8:17


    CHAPTERS: Nehemiah 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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    King James Bible - Nehemiah 8:17

    And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.

    World English Bible

    All the
    assembly of those who were come again out of the captivity made booths, and lived in the booths; for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun to that day the children of Israel had not done so. There was very great gladness.

    Douay-Rheims - Nehemiah 8:17

    And all the
    assembly of them that were returned from the captivity, made tabernacles, and dwelt in tabernacles: for since the days of Josue the son of Nun the children of Israel had not done so, until that day: and there was exceeding great joy.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And all the congregation of them that had returned from the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun to that
    day, had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.

    Original Hebrew

    ויעשׂו
    6213 כל 3605 הקהל 6951 השׁבים 7725 מן 4480 השׁבי 7628 סכות 5521 וישׁבו 3427 בסכות 5521 כי 3588 לא 3808 עשׂו 6213 מימי 3117 ישׁוע 3442 בן 1121 נון 5126 כן 3651 בני 1121 ישׂראל 3478 עד 5704 היום 3117 ההוא 1931 ותהי 1961 שׂמחה 8057 גדולה 1419 מאד׃ 3966

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (17) -
    Joh 1:14 Heb 11:9,13

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:17

    Y toda la congregación que volvió de la cautividad hicieron cabañas, y en cabañas habitaron; porque desde los días de Josué hijo de Nun hasta aquel día, no habían hecho así los hijos de Israel. Y hubo alegría muy grande.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Nehemiah 8:17

    Verse 17. Since the days of Joshua] No
    feast of tabernacles since Joshua's time had been so heartily and so piously celebrated. The story of the sacred fire now discovered, which had been hidden by the order of Jer. in a dry well, and now, some of the mud from the bottom being brought upon the altar, was kindled afresh by the rays of the sun, which suddenly broke out, though before covered with clouds, &c., is worthy of no credit. Those who wish to see the detail may consult 2Mac i. 18-36.

    ON the subject in verse 8, I beg leave to make a few observations:-So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. The Israelites, having been lately brought out of the Babylonish captivity, in which they had continued seventy years, according to the prediction of Jeremiah, Jer. xxv. 11, were not only extremely corrupt, but it appears that they had in general lost the knowledge of the ancient Hebrew to such a degree, that when the book of the law was read, they did not understand it: but certain Levites stood by, and gave the sense, i. e., translated into the Chaldee dialect. This was not only the origin of the Chaldee Targums, or translation of the law and prophets into that tongue but was also, in all probability, the origin of preaching from a text; for it appears that the people were not only ignorant of their ancient language, but also of the rites and ceremonies of their religion, having been so long in Babylon, where they were not permitted to observe them. This being the case, not only the language must be interpreted, but the meaning of the rites and ceremonies must also be explained; for we find from ver. 13, &c., of this chapter, that they had even forgotten the feast of tabernacles, and every thing relative to that ceremony.

    As we nowhere find that what is called preaching on or expounding a text was ever in use before that period, we are probably beholden to the Babylonish captivity for producing, in the hand of Divine Providence, a custom the most excellent and beneficial ever introduced among men.

    What the nature of preaching or expounding the word of God was, at this early period of its institution, we learn from the above cited text.

    I. They read in the book of the law of God. - The words of God, the doctrines of Divine revelation, are the proper matter of preaching; for they contain the wisdom of the Most High, and teach man the things which belong to his peace and happiness.

    II. They read distinctly-rpm mephorash, from rp parash, to expand; they analyzed, dilated, and expounded it at large, showing the import and genuine meaning of every word.

    III. They gave the sense-lk µww vesom sechel, they put weight to it; showed its value and utility, and how intimately concerned they were in all that was revealed: thus applying verbal criticism, and general exposition to their true and most important purposes.

    IV. They caused them to understand the reading-arqmb wnybyw vaiyabinu bammikra: and they understood-had a mental taste and perception of the things which were in the reading, i. e., in the letter and spirit of the text. Thus they knew the Divine will, and approved the things that were more excellent, being (thus) instructed out of the law, Rom. ii. 18.

    This was the ancient method of expounding the word of God among the Jews; and this mode is still more necessary for US:- 1. Because the sacred writings, as they came from God, are shut up in languages no longer vernacular; and no translation ever did or ever can reach the force of the original words, though perhaps our own in general, comes nearest to this of all versions, whether ancient or modern.

    2. Ninety-nine out of a hundred know nothing of these languages; and consequently cannot, of themselves, reap all the requisite benefit from reading the Scriptures.

    3. Sacred things are illustrated in the Bible by a reference to arts and sciences, of which the mass of the people are as ignorant as they are of the original tongues.

    4. Provincial customs and fashions are mentioned in these writings, which must be understood, or the force and meaning of many texts cannot be comprehended.

    5. There is a depth in the word of God which cannot be fathomed except either by Divine inspiration, or by deep study and research, for which the majority of the people have no time.

    6. The people in general trust to the piety, learning and abilities of their ministers, and maintain them as persons capable of instructing them in all the deep things of God; and believing them to be holy men, they are confident they will not take their tithes, their food, and their raiment, under a pretense of doing a work for which they have not the ordinary qualifications. Where there is not such preaching as this, the people "sit in darkness, and in the valley of the shadow of death;" sinners are not converted unto God; neither are believers "built up on their most holy faith." Reader-Art thou a Christian minister? Dost thou feed the flock of God? Let thy conduct, thy conscience, and the fruits of thy ministry answer for thee.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 17. And all the congregation of them that were come again out of captivity made booths , etc.] These came to Jerusalem, and made them booths there; for there only was this feast kept, (see John 7:2,10), and sat under the booths ; there they dwelt during the seven days of it, in commemoration of their ancestors dwelling in booths in the wilderness, (see Leviticus 23:42,43) for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so ; Joshua observed it, when be had brought and settled the people of Israel in the land of Canaan; and it had been observed since, before this time, as appears from ( 1 Kings 8:2,65,66) ( Ezra 3:4); but not so, with such exactness, with such zeal and affection, with such a regard to the law of God, as to read it every day of the feast, as in the next verse, and with such joy and gladness; wherefore there is no reason to suspect a corruption in the text, as a learned man does, who supposes that Joshua is put for Josiah: and there was very great gladness ; that they were restored unto and settled in their land, had the book of the law, and the knowledge of it, and were directed and enabled to observe it.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 13-18 - They found written in the
    law about the feast of tabernacles. Those wh diligently search the Scriptures, find things written there which the have forgotten. This feast of tabernacles was a representation of the believer's tabernacle state in this world, and a type of the holy jo of the gospel church. The conversion of the nations to the faith of Christ, is foretold under the figure of this feast, Zec 14:16. Tru religion will render us strangers and pilgrims upon earth. We read an hear the word acceptably and profitably, when we do according to what is written therein; when what appears to be our duty is revived, afte it has been neglected. They minded the substance; else the ceremony ha been of no use. They did it, rejoicing in God and his goodness. Thes are the means which the Spirit of God crowns with success, in bringin the hearts of sinners to tremble and to become humbled before God. But those are enemies to their own growth in holiness, who always indulg sorrow, even for sin, and put away from them the consolations tendere by the word and Spirit of God __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    ויעשׂו 6213 כל 3605 הקהל 6951 השׁבים 7725 מן 4480 השׁבי 7628 סכות 5521 וישׁבו 3427 בסכות 5521 כי 3588 לא 3808 עשׂו 6213 מימי 3117 ישׁוע 3442 בן 1121 נון 5126 כן 3651 בני 1121 ישׂראל 3478 עד 5704 היום 3117 ההוא 1931 ותהי 1961 שׂמחה 8057 גדולה 1419 מאד׃ 3966


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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