SEV Biblia, Chapter 31:13 Dálet Buscó lana y lino, y con voluntad labró con sus manos.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Proverbs 31:13 Verse 13. She seeketh wood and flax, and worketh willingly, &c.] II. This is the second part of her character, giving the particulars of which it is composed.
1. She did not buy ready woven cloth: she procured the raw material, if wool, most probably from her own flocks; if flax, most probably from her own fields.
2. Here she manufactured; for she worketh willingly with her hands.
And all her labour is a cheerful service; her will, her heart, is in it.
It needs no arguments to prove that women, even of the highest ranks, among the Greeks, Romans, and Israelites, worked with their hands at every kind of occupation necessary for the support of the family. This kind of employment was not peculiar to the virtuous woman in the text.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 13. She seeketh wool and flax , etc.] To get them, in order to spin them, and work them up into garments; she stays not till they are brought to her, and she is pressed to take them; but she seeks after them, which shows her willingness to work, as is after more fully expressed. It was usual in ancient times for great personages to do such works as these, both among the Grecians and Romans: Lucretia with her maids were found spinning, when her husband Collatinus paid a visit to her from the camp f941 :
Tanaquills, or Caia Caecilia, the wife of King Tarquin, was an excellent spinster of wool f942 ; her wool, with a distaff and spindle, long remained in the temple of Sangus, or Sancus, as Varro relates: and a garment made by her, wore by Servius Tullius, was reserved in the temple of Fortune; hence it became a custom for maidens to accompany newly married women with a distaff and spindle, with wool upon them f944 , signifying what they were principally to attend unto; and maidens are advised to follow the example of Minerva, said to be the first that made a web f945 ; and, if they would have her favour, to learn to use the distaff, and to card and spin f946 : so did the daughters of Minyas, in Ovid f947 ; and the nymphs, in Virgil f948 .
When Alexander the great advised the mother of Darius to use her nieces to such employments, the Persian ladies were in great concern, it being reckoned reproachful with them for such to move their hands to wool; on hearing which, Alexander himself went to her, and told her the clothes he wore were wrought by his sisters f949 : and the daughters and granddaughters of Augustus Caesar employed themselves in the woollen manufacture by his order f950 ; and he himself usually wore no other garment than what was made at home, by his wife, sister, daughter, and granddaughter f951 . The Jews have a saying f952 , that there is no wisdom in a woman but in the distaff; suggesting, that it is her wisdom to mind her spinning, and the affairs of her household: at the Roman marriages, the word “thalassio” was often repeated f953 , which signified a vessel in which spinning work was put; and this was done to put the bride in mind what her work was to be. Now as to the mystical sense of these words; as of wool outward garments, and of flax linen and inward garments, are made; by the one may be meant external, and by the other internal, acts of religion; both are to be done, and not the one without the other: outward acts of religion are, such as hearing the word, attendance on ordinances, and all good works, which make up a conversation garment that should be kept; and they should be done so as to be seen of men, but not for that reason: and internal acts of religion are, the fear of God, humility, faith, hope, love, and other graces, and the exercises of them, which make up the new man, to be put on as a garment; and these should go together; bodily exercise, without powerful godliness, profiteth little; and pretensions to spirituality and internal religion, without regard to the outward duties of religion, are all vain. Hence Ambrose, on the text, observes that one may say, “It is enough to worship and serve God in my mind; what need have I to go to church, and visibly mingle with Christians? Such a man would have a linen, without a woollen garment, this woman knew not; she does not commend such works.”
She sought all opportunities of doing good works externally, as believers do; and sought after the kingdom of God, inward godliness, which lies in peace, righteousness, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Not that such garments are to be joined with Christs robe of righteousness, to make up a justifying one; a garment mingled with linen and woollen, in this sense, is not to come upon the saints, ( Leviticus 19:19); and worketh willingly with her hands ; or, “with the pleasure of her hands” f954 ; as if her hands took delight in working, as the church and all true believers do; who are made willing in the day of the Lord’s power upon them, to serve him, as well as to be saved by him; in whose hearts he works, both to will and to do; and these do what they do cheerfully: these do the work of the Lord, not by the force of the law, nor through fear of punishment, but in love; not by constraint, but willingly, having no other constraint but the love of God and Christ; and not with mercenary selfish views, but with a view to his glory; and they find a pleasure and delight in all they do; Christ’s ways are ways of pleasantness; his commandments are not grievous, his yoke is easy.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 10-31 - This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. She is very carefu to recommend herself to her husband's esteem and affection, to know his mind, and is willing that he rule over her. 1. She can be trusted, an he will leave such a wife to manage for him. He is happy in her. An she makes it her constant business to do him good. 2. She is one tha takes pains in her duties, and takes pleasure in them. She is carefu to fill up time, that none be lost. She rises early. She applie herself to the business proper for her, to women's business. She doe what she does, with all her power, and trifles not. 3. She makes what she does turn to good account by prudent management. Many und themselves by buying, without considering whether they can afford it She provides well for her house. She lays up for hereafter. 4. Sh looks well to the ways of her household, that she may oblige all to d their duty to God and one another, as well as to her. 5. She is inten upon giving as upon getting, and does it freely and cheerfully. 6. Sh is discreet and obliging; every word she says, shows she govern herself by the rules of wisdom. She not only takes prudent measure herself, but gives prudent advice to others. The law of love an kindness is written in the heart, and shows itself in the tongue. He heart is full of another world, even when her hands are most busy abou this world. 7. Above all, she fears the Lord. Beauty recommends none to God, nor is it any proof of wisdom and goodness, but it has deceive many a man who made his choice of a wife by it. But the fear of God reigning in the heart, is the beauty of the soul; it lasts for ever. 8 She has firmness to bear up under crosses and disappointments. Sh shall reflect with comfort when she comes to be old, that she was no idle or useless when young. She shall rejoice in a world to come. Sh is a great blessing to her relations. If the fruit be good, the tre must have our good word. But she leaves it to her own works to prais her. Every one ought to desire this honour that cometh from God; an according to this standard we all ought to regulate our judgments. Thi description let all women daily study, who desire to be truly belove and respected, useful and honourable. This passage is to be applied to individuals, but may it not also be applied to the church of God, whic is described as a virtuous spouse? God by his grace has formed from among sinful men a church of true believers, to possess all the excellences here described __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew דרשׁה 1875 צמר 6785 ופשׁתים 6593 ותעשׂ 6213 בחפץ 2656 כפיה׃ 3709