SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:11 Y dijeron todos los del pueblo que estaban a la puerta con los ancianos: Testigos somos . El SEÑOR haga a la mujer que entra en tu casa como a Raquel y a Lea, las cuales dos edificaron la casa de Israel; y tú seas ilustre en Efrata, y tengas nombradía en Belén;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ruth 4:11 Verse 11. We are witnesses.] It is not very likely that any writing was drawn up. There was an appeal made to the people then present, whether they had seen and understood the transaction; who answered, We have witnessed it. If any minutes of court were kept, then the transaction was entered probably in some such words as these: "On - day of -, Boaz bought the land of Elimelech from Naomi his widow, and took Ruth, her daughter-in-law, to wife; -, who had the nearest right, refusing to buy the land on the conditions then proposed." The Lord make this woman-like Rachel and like Leah] May thy family be increased by her means, as the tribes were formed by means of Rachel and Leah, wives of the patriarch Jacob! Which two did build the house of Israel] We have already seen that b ben, a son, comes from the root hnb banah, he built; and hence ba eben, a stone, because as a house is built of stones, so is a family of children.
There is a similar figure in PLAUTUS, Mostell. Act i., sec. 2, ver. 37.- Nunc etiam volo Dicere, ut homines aedium esse similes arbitremini.
Primum dum parentes fabri liberum sunt, Et fundamentum liberorum substruunt.
"I would also observe, that ye men are similar to houses; ye parents are the fabricators of the children, and they are the foundation of the building."
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 11. And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, we are witnesses , etc.] Both of the purchase of the estate by Boaz being legally made, and of the marriage of Ruth to him, the condition of the bargain: the Lord make the woman that is come into thine house ; not into his house, strictly and literally taken, the place of his habitation; for both he and she were now at the gate of the city, and as yet she was not introduced into his house; but by his marriage of her she was brought into his family, and was become a principal part of it, being his wife. This is a wish, prayer, or benediction of the elders, of one in the name of the rest, congratulating the married couple, and wishing them well; and particularly that the woman Boaz had married before them, as witnesses, might be like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel : the two wives of Jacob; the Targum adds, with twelve tribes; for though some of the tribes sprung from their maids, which they gave to Jacob, yet the children born of them were reckoned theirs by a moral estimation, as some express it. Rachel is set before Leah, though the youngest, and had the fewest children, because she was his first wife in his intention, and according to the covenant made with her father, though imposed upon and deceived; and she was his more lawful wife, and his most beloved one. By the children of these two, and their maidens, the house or family of Israel was built up, and became a great nation, consisting of twelve tribes, very numerous: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem ; two names of one and the same place, ( Genesis 35:19 Micah 5:2). These words seem to be directed to Boaz, particularly praying that he might continue to do worthy and virtuous actions, as well as increase in wealth and riches, power and authority, and retain his name and fame, and grow in credit and reputation among his fellow citizens.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 9-12 - Men are ready to seize opportunities for increasing their estates, but few know the value of godliness. Such are the wise men of this world whom the Lord charges with folly. They attend not to the concerns of their souls, but reject the salvation of Christ, for fear of marrin their inheritance. But God did Boaz the honour to bring him into the line of the Messiah, while the kinsman, who was afraid of lessenin himself, and marring his inheritance, has his name, family, an inheritance forgotten.
Original Hebrew ויאמרו 559 כל 3605 העם 5971 אשׁר 834 בשׁער 8179 והזקנים 2205 עדים 5707 יתן 5414 יהוה 3068 את 853 האשׁה 802 הבאה 935 אל 413 ביתך 1004 כרחל 7354 וכלאה 3812 אשׁר 834 בנו 1129 שׁתיהם 8147 את 853 בית 1004 ישׂראל 3478 ועשׂה 6213 חיל 2428 באפרתה 672 וקרא 7121 שׁם 8034 בבית לחם׃ 1035