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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Deuteronomy 1:18


    CHAPTERS: Deuteronomy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - MISC - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB


    ENGLISH - HISTORY - INTERNATIONAL - FACEBOOK - GR FORUMS - GODRULES ON YOUTUBE

    HELPS: KJS - KJV - ASV - DBY - DOU - WBS - YLT - HEB - BBE - WEB - NAS - SEV - TSK - CRK - WES - MHC - GILL - JFB

    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Deuteronomy 1:18

    και 2532 ενετειλαμην 1781 5662 υμιν 5213 εν 1722 1520 τω 3588 καιρω 2540 εκεινω 1565 παντας 3956 τους 3588 λογους 3056 ους 3739 3775 ποιησετε 4160 5692

    Douay Rheims Bible

    And I commanded you all things that you were to do.

    King James Bible - Deuteronomy 1:18

    And I commanded you at that
    time all the things which ye should do.

    World English Bible

    I commanded you at that
    time all the things which you should do.

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Deuteronomy 1:18

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.ix Pg 4.1


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 26
    See Ex. xv. 22–26.

    just as we do, who, drawn out from the calamities of the heathendom1405

    1405 Sæculi.

    in which we were tarrying perishing with thirst (that is, deprived of the divine word), drinking, “by the faith which is on Him,”1406

    1406


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.2


    Anf-03 iv.viii.ii.ii Pg 5
    Prov. ix. 10; Ps. cxi. 10.

    But801

    801 Porro.

    fear has its origin in knowledge; for how will a man fear that of which he knows nothing? Therefore he who shall have the fear of God, even if he be ignorant of all things else, if he has attained to the knowledge and truth of God,802

    802 Deum omnium notititam et veritatem adsecutus, i.e., “following the God of all as knowledge and truth.”

    will possess full and perfect wisdom.  This, however, is what philosophy has not clearly realized. For although, in their inquisitive disposition to search into all kinds of learning, the philosophers may seem to have investigated the sacred Scriptures themselves for their antiquity, and to have derived thence some of their opinions; yet because they have interpolated these deductions they prove that they have either despised them wholly or have not fully believed them, for in other cases also the simplicity of truth is shaken803

    803 Nutat.

    by the over-scrupulousness of an irregular belief,804

    804 Passivæ fidei.

    and that they therefore changed them, as their desire of glory grew, into products of their own mind. The consequence of this is, that even that which they had discovered degenerated into uncertainty, and there arose from one or two drops of truth a perfect flood of argumentation. For after they had simply805

    805 Solummodo.

    found God, they did not expound Him as they found Him, but rather disputed about His quality, and His nature, and even about His abode. The Platonists, indeed, (held) Him to care about worldly things, both as the disposer and judge thereof. The Epicureans regarded Him as apathetic806

    806 Otiosum.

    and inert, and (so to say) a non-entity.807

    807 “A nobody.”

    The Stoics believed Him to be outside of the world; the Platonists, within the world.  The God whom they had so imperfectly admitted, they could neither know nor fear; and therefore they could not be wise, since they wandered away indeed from the beginning of wisdom,” that is, “the fear of God.” Proofs are not wanting that among the philosophers there was not only an ignorance, but actual doubt, about the divinity. Diogenes, when asked what was taking place in heaven, answered by saying, “I have never been up there.” Again, whether there were any gods, he replied, “I do not know; only there ought to be gods.”808

    808 Nisi ut sint expedire.

    When Crœsus inquired of Thales of Miletus what he thought of the gods, the latter having taken some time809

    809 Aliquot commeatus.

    to consider, answered by the word “Nothing.”  Even Socrates denied with an air of certainty810

    810 Quasi certus.

    those gods of yours.811

    811 Istos deos.

    Yet he with a like certainty requested that a cock should be sacrificed to Æsculapius.  And therefore when philosophy, in its practice of defining about God, is detected in such uncertainty and inconsistency, what “fear” could it possibly have had of Him whom it was not competent812

    812 Non tenebat.

    clearly to determine? We have been taught to believe of the world that it is god.813

    813 De mundo deo didicimus.

    For such the physical class of theologizers conclude it to be, since they have handed down such views about the gods that Dionysius the Stoic divides them into three kinds. The first, he supposes, includes those gods which are most obvious, as the Sun, Moon, and Stars; the next, those which are not apparent, as Neptune; the remaining one, those which are said to have passed from the human state to the divine, as Hercules and Amphiaraus. In like manner, Arcesilaus makes a threefold form of the divinity—the Olympian, the Astral, the Titanian—sprung from Cœlus and Terra; from which through Saturn and Ops came Neptune, Jupiter, and Orcus, and their entire progeny. Xenocrates, of the Academy, makes a twofold division—the Olympian and the Titanian, which descend from Cœlus and Terra. Most of the Egyptians believe that there are four gods—the Sun and the Moon, the Heaven and the Earth. Along with all the supernal fire Democritus conjectures that the gods arose. Zeno, too, will have it that their nature resembles it. Whence Varro also makes fire to be the soul of the world, that in the world fire governs all things, just as the soul does in ourselves. But all this is most absurd. For he says, Whilst it is in us, we have existence; but as soon as it has left us, we die. Therefore, when fire quits the world in lightning, the world comes to its end.


    Anf-03 v.iii.xliii Pg 4
    Ps. cxi. 10; Prov. i. 7.

    Where the fear of God is, there is seriousness, an honourable and yet thoughtful2295

    2295 Attonita, as if in fear that it might go wrong (Rigalt.).

    diligence, as well as an anxious carefulness and a well-considered admission (to the sacred ministry)2296

    2296 In contrast to the opposite fault of the heresies exposed above.

    and a safely-guarded2297

    2297 Deliberata, where the character was well weighed previous to admission to the eucharist.

    communion, and promotion after good service, and a scrupulous submission (to authority), and a devout attendance,2298

    2298 Apparitio, the duty and office of an apparitor, or attendant on men of higher rank, whether in church or state.

    and a modest gait, and a united church, and God in all things.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxvii Pg 6
    Jer. vii. 3; Zech. vii. 9, 10, Zech. viii. 17; Isa. i. 17–19.

    And again: “Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips that they speak no guile; depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.”4359

    4359


    Anf-01 v.xvi.i Pg 5
    Isa. i. 19.

    And again, “Ye shall eat flesh even as herbs.”1270

    1270


    Anf-02 vi.ii.x Pg 14.1
    1588 Cod. Sin. here has the singular, “one who ruminates.”

    upon the word of the Lord. <index subject1="Animals" subject2="cloven-footed" title="144" id="vi.ii.x-p15.1"/>But what means the cloven-footed? That the righteous man also walks in this world, yet looks forward to the holy state1589

    1589 Literally, “holy age.”

    [to come]. Behold how well Moses legislated. But how was it possible for them to understand or comprehend these things? We then, rightly understanding his commandments,1590

    1590 Cod. Sin. inserts again, “rightly.”

    explain them as the Lord intended. For this purpose He circumcised our ears and our hearts, that we might understand these things.


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xviii Pg 8.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.vi Pg 28.1


    Anf-03 v.viii.xxvi Pg 8
    Isa. i. 19.

    the expression means the blessings which await the flesh when in the kingdom of God it shall be renewed, and made like the angels, and waiting to obtain the things “which neither eye hath seen, nor ear heard, and which have not entered into the heart of man.”7467

    7467


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.iii Pg 42
    Deut. xi. 26.

    You cannot establish a diversity of authors because there happens to be one of things; for the diversity is itself proposed by one and the same author. Why, however, “Christ was made a curse for us,”5307

    5307


    Anf-01 v.iii.iii Pg 12
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii..

    cast down the altars and temples [of the idols], and burned down the groves, for they were dedicated to demons, and not to God. And he slew the false priests, as the corrupters and deceivers of men, and not the worshippers of the Deity. Wherefore youth is not to be despised when it is devoted to God. But he is to be despised who is of a wicked mind, although he be old, and full of wicked days.653

    653


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 2
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii.

    To such an extent did he display zeal in the cause of godliness, and prove himself a punisher of the ungodly, while he as yet faltered in speech like a child. <index subject1="Samuel" title="121" id="v.xviii.v-p2.2"/>David, too, who was at once a prophet and a king, and the root of our Saviour according to the flesh, while yet a youth is anointed by Samuel to be king.1371

    1371


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.2


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxv Pg 12
    See Lev. xiii. and xiv.

    The interpretation of this sense it will be our task to ascertain. Marcion’s labour, however, is to object to us the strictness4870

    4870 Morositatem.

    of the law, with the view of maintaining that here also Christ is its enemy—forestalling4871

    4871 Prævenientem.

    its enactments even in His cure of the ten lepers. These He simply commanded to show themselves to the priest; “and as they went, He cleansed them”4872

    4872


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 1

    VERSE 	(18) - 

    De 4:5,40; 12:28,32 Mt 28:20 Ac 20:20,27


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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