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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Lamentations 4:5


    CHAPTERS: Lamentations 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB


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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Lamentations 4:5

    οι 3588 εσθοντες τας 3588 τρυφας ηφανισθησαν εν 1722 1520 ταις 3588 εξοδοις οι 3588 τιθηνουμενοι επι 1909 κοκκων περιεβαλοντο κοπριας

    Douay Rheims Bible

    He. They that were fed delicately have died in the streets; they that were brought up in scarlet have embraced the dung.

    King James Bible - Lamentations 4:5

    They that did
    feed delicately are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.

    World English Bible

    Those who did
    feed delicately are desolate in the streets: Those who were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Lamentations 4:5

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 4
    Isa. iii. 16.

    For they are all gone aside,’ He exclaims, ‘they are all become useless. There is none that understands, there is not so much as one. With their tongues they have practised deceit, their throat is an open sepulchre, the poison of asps is under their lips, destruction and misery are in their paths, and the way of peace they have not known.’2018

    2018


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xi Pg 75.2


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 37
    Isa. iii. 16–24.

    just as in another passage He utters His threats against the proud and noble: “Hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth, and down to it shall descend the illustrious, and the great, and the rich (this shall be Christ’s ‘woe to the rich’); and man4017

    4017 Homo: “the mean man,” A.V.

    shall be humbled,” even he that exalts himself with riches; “and the mighty man4018

    4018 Vir.

    shall be dishonoured,” even he who is mighty from his wealth.4019

    4019


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xix Pg 3
    Isa. xxxii. 9, 10. Quoted as usual, from the LXX.: Γυναῖκες πλούσιαι ἀνάστητε, καὶ ἀκούσατε τῆς φωνῆς μου· θυγατέρες ἐν ἐλπίδι εἰσακούσατε λόγους μου. ῾Ημέρας ἐνιαυτοῦ μνείαν ποιήσασθε ἐν ὀδύνῃ μετ᾽ ἐλπίδος.

    —that He might prove4185

    4185 Ostenderet.

    them first as disciples, and then as assistants and helpers: “Daughters, hear my words in hope; this day of the year cherish the memory of, in labour with hope.” For it was “in labour” that they followed Him, and “with hope” did they minister to Him.  On the subject of parables, let it suffice that it has been once for all shown that this kind of language4186

    4186 Eloquii.

    was with equal distinctness promised by the Creator. But there is that direct mode of His speaking4187

    4187 Pronunciatio.

    to the people—“Ye shall hear with the ear, but ye shall not understand”4188

    4188


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 2
    Amos v. 18 to end, Amos vi. 1–7.

    And again by Jeremiah: ‘Collect your flesh, and sacrifices, and eat: for concerning neither sacrifices nor libations did I command your fathers in the day in which I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt.’2002

    2002


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 55
    See Isa. lii. 7, xxxiii. 14 (Sept.), and Amos ix. 6.

    Down in hell, however, it was said concerning them: “They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them!”—even those who did not believe them or at least did not sincerely4856

    4856 Omnino.

    believe that after death there were punishments for the arrogance of wealth and the glory of luxury, announced indeed by Moses and the prophets, but decreed by that God, who deposes princes from their thrones, and raiseth up the poor from dunghills.4857

    4857


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 49
    Isa. xxxiii. 14–16, according to the Septuagint, which has but slight resemblance to the Hebrew.

    Now, although this everlasting abode is promised, and the ascending stories (or steps) to heaven are built by the Creator, who further promises that the seed of Abraham shall be even as the stars of heaven, by virtue certainly of the heavenly promise, why may it not be possible,4850

    4850 Cur non capiat.

    without any injury to that promise, that by Abraham’s bosom is meant some temporary receptacle of faithful souls, wherein is even now delineated an image of the future, and where is given some foresight of the glory4851

    4851 Candida quædam prospiciatur: where candida is a noun substantive (see above, chap. vii. p. 353).

    of both judgments? If so, you have here, O heretics, during your present lifetime, a warning that Moses and the prophets declare one only God, the Creator, and His only Christ, and how that both awards of everlasting punishment and eternal salvation rest with Him, the one only God, who kills and who makes alive.  Well, but the admonition, says Marcion, of our God from heaven has commanded us not to hear Moses and the prophets, but Christ; Hear Him is the command.4852

    4852


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 61.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 63.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.x Pg 12
    Isa. xxv. 9.

    and Peter says in his Epistle: “Whom, not seeing, ye love; in whom, though now ye see Him not, ye have believed, ye shall rejoice with joy unspeakable;”3909

    3909


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 139


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 139


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxiv Pg 9
    Isa. xi. 12.

    and remembered His own dead ones who had formerly fallen asleep,4261

    4261 Comp. book iii. 20, 4.

    and came down to them that He might deliver them: but the second in which He will come on the clouds,4262

    4262


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxxv Pg 4
    Ezek. xxviii. 25, 26.

    Now I have shown a short time ago that the church is the seed of Abraham; and for this reason, that we may know that He who in the New Testament “raises up from the stones children unto Abraham,”4750

    4750


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 61.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 63.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 134


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 34
    See Isa. lxv. 13–16 in LXX.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 28
    Isa. lxv. 13.

    As for these oppositions, we shall see whether they are not premonitors of Christ.3960

    3960 An Christo præministrentur.

    Meanwhile the promise of fulness to the hungry is a provision of God the Creator.  “Blessed are they that weep, for they shall laugh.”3961

    3961


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 47
    Isa. lxv. 13.

    —even ye who shall mourn, who now are laughing.  For as it is written in the psalm, “They who sow in tears shall reap in joy,”4027

    4027


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 31
    Isa. lxv. 13, 14.

    And recognise these oppositions also in the dispensation of Christ. Surely gladness and joyous exultation is promised to those who are in an opposite condition—to the sorrowful, and sad, and anxious.  Just as it is said in the 125th Psalm:  “They who sow in tears shall reap in joy.”3963

    3963


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 31
    Isa. lxv. 13, 14.

    And recognise these oppositions also in the dispensation of Christ. Surely gladness and joyous exultation is promised to those who are in an opposite condition—to the sorrowful, and sad, and anxious.  Just as it is said in the 125th Psalm:  “They who sow in tears shall reap in joy.”3963

    3963


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxxv Pg 4
    Isa. lxv. 9–12.

    Such are the words of Scripture; understand, therefore, that the seed of Jacob now referred to is something else, and not, as may be supposed, spoken of your people. For it is not possible for the seed of Jacob to leave an entrance for the descendants of Jacob, or for [God] to have accepted the very same persons whom He had reproached with unfitness for the inheritance, and promise it to them again; but as there the prophet says, ‘And now, O house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of the Lord; for He has sent away His people, the house of Jacob, because their land was full, as at the first, of soothsayers and divinations;’2473

    2473


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.v Pg 19.1


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iv Pg 7


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxl Pg 8
    Isa. lxvi. 24.

    And our Lord, according to the will of Him that sent Him, who is the Father and Lord of all, would not have said, ‘They shall come from the east, and from the west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness.’2489

    2489


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xliv Pg 7
    Isa. lxvi. 24.

    <index subject1="Forgiveness of sin" title="217" id="viii.iv.xliv-p7.2"/>So that it becomes you to eradicate this hope from your souls, and hasten to know in what way forgiveness of sins, and a hope of inheriting the promised good things, shall be yours. But there is no other [way] than this, —to become acquainted with this Christ, to be washed in the fountain2083

    2083 Some refer this to Christ’s baptism. See Cyprian, Adv. Jud. i. 24.— Otto.

    spoken of by Isaiah for the remission of sins; and for the rest, to live sinless lives.”


    Anf-01 vi.ii.iv Pg 3
    The Latin reads, “Daniel” instead of “Enoch;” comp. Dan. ix. 24–27.

    says, “For for this end the Lord has cut short the times and the days, that His Beloved may hasten; and He will come to the inheritance.” And the prophet also speaks thus: “Ten kingdoms shall reign upon the earth, and a little king shall rise up after them, who shall subdue under one three of the kings.”1470

    1470


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxvi Pg 14
    Dan. ix. 27.

    Now three years and six months constitute the half-week.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xvi Pg 8
    Dan. ix. 24–27; Hag. ii. 10.

    I find, therefore, that a temple does exist. Learn, then, how it shall be built in the name of the Lord. Before we believed in God, the habitation of our heart was corrupt and weak, as being indeed like a temple made with hands. For it was full of idolatry, and was a habitation of demons, through our doing such things as were opposed to [the will of] God. But it shall be built, observe ye, in the name of the Lord, in order that the temple of the Lord may be built in glory. How? Learn [as follows]. Having received the forgiveness of sins, and placed our trust in the name of the Lord, we have become new creatures, formed again from the beginning. Wherefore in our habitation God truly dwells in us. How? <index subject1="Repentance" title="147" id="vi.ii.xvi-p8.3"/>His word of faith; His calling1679

    1679 Cod. Sin. reads, “the calling.”

    of promise; the wisdom of the statutes; the commands of the doctrine; He himself prophesying in us; He himself dwelling in us; opening to us who were enslaved by death the doors of the temple, that is, the mouth; and by giving us repentance introduced us into the incorruptible temple.1680

    1680 Cod. Sin. gives the clauses of this sentence separately, each occupying a line.

    He then, who wishes to be saved, looks not to man,1681

    1681 That is, the man who is engaged in preaching the Gospel.

    but to Him who dwelleth in him, and speaketh in him, amazed at never having either heard him utter such words with his mouth, nor himself having ever desired to hear them.1682

    1682 Such is the punctuation adopted by Hefele, Dressel, and Hilgenfeld.

    This is the spiritual temple built for the Lord.


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xxi Pg 70.1


    Npnf-201 iii.viii.v Pg 16


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 65.1


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xii Pg 12
    Mal. iii. 1.

    who should prepare His way, that is, that he should bear witness of that Light in the spirit and power of Elias.3437

    3437


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xxiii Pg 5
    Mal. iii. 1.


    Anf-02 ii.iii.v Pg 8.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ix Pg 55
    Mal. iii. 1: comp. Matt. xi. 10; Mark i. 2; Luke vii. 27.

    Nor is it a novel practice to the Holy Spirit to call those “angels” whom God has appointed as ministers of His power. For the same John is called not merely an “angel” of Christ, but withal a “lamp” shining before Christ: for David predicts, “I have prepared the lamp for my Christ;”1299

    1299


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xviii Pg 36
    Luke vii. 26, 27, and Mal. iii. 1–; 3.

    He graciously4171

    4171 Eleganter.

    adduced the prophecy in the superior sense of the alternative mentioned by the perplexed John, in order that, by affirming that His own precursor was already come in the person of John, He might quench the doubt4172

    4172 Scrupulum.

    which lurked in his question: “Art thou He that should come, or look we for another?”  Now that the forerunner had fulfilled his mission, and the way of the Lord was prepared, He ought now to be acknowledged as that (Christ) for whom the forerunner had made ready the way. That forerunner was indeed “greater than all of women born;”4173

    4173


    Anf-02 vi.ii.i Pg 29.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ix Pg 59
    Comp. reference 8, p. 232; and Isa. xl. 3; John i. 23.

    but withal, by pointing out “the Lamb of God,”1303

    1303


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiii Pg 33
    Isa. xl. 3.

    and as about to come for the purpose of terminating thenceforth the course of the law and the prophets; by their fulfilment and not their extinction, and in order that the kingdom of God might be announced by Christ, He therefore purposely added the assurance that the elements would more easily pass away than His words fail; affirming, as He did, the further fact, that what He had said concerning John had not fallen to the ground.


    Anf-03 vi.iii.vi Pg 6
    Isa. xl. 3; Matt. iii. 3.

    for the Holy Spirit, who is about to come upon us, by the washing away of sins, which faith, sealed in (the name of) the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, obtains. For if “in the mouth of three witnesses every word shall stand:”8588

    8588


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxii Pg 14
    An inexact quotation of Isa. xl .28.

    Although He had respect to the offerings of Abel, and smelled a sweet savour from the holocaust of Noah, yet what pleasure could He receive from the flesh of sheep, or the odour of burning victims? And yet the simple and God-fearing mind of those who offered what they were receiving from God, both in the way of food and of a sweet smell, was favourably accepted before God, in the sense of respectful homage2975

    2975 Honorem.

    to God, who did not so much want what was offered, as that which prompted the offering. Suppose now, that some dependant were to offer to a rich man or a king, who was in want of nothing, some very insignificant gift, will the amount and quality of the gift bring dishonour2976

    2976 Infuscabit.

    to the rich man and the king; or will the consideration2977

    2977 Titulus.

    of the homage give them pleasure? Were, however, the dependant, either of his own accord or even in compliance with a command, to present to him gifts suitably to his rank, and were he to observe the solemnities due to a king, only without faith and purity of heart, and without any readiness for other acts of obedience, will not that king or rich man consequently exclaim: “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? I am full of your solemnities, your feast-days, and your Sabbaths.”2978

    2978


    Anf-01 iii.ii.vii Pg 8
    [Comp. Mal. iii. 2. The Old Testament is frequently in mind, if not expressly quoted by Mathetes.] A considerable gap here occurs in the mss.

    … Do you not see them exposed to wild beasts, that they may be persuaded to deny the Lord, and yet not overcome? Do you not see that the more of them are punished, the greater becomes the number of the rest? This does not seem to be the work of man: this is the power of God; these are the evidences of His manifestation.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 31.3


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 2
    Amos v. 18 to end, Amos vi. 1–7.

    And again by Jeremiah: ‘Collect your flesh, and sacrifices, and eat: for concerning neither sacrifices nor libations did I command your fathers in the day in which I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt.’2002

    2002


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 62.1


    Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 7
    Ps. l. 3.

    that is, the Son, who came manifested to men who said, “I have openly appeared to those who seek Me not.”3335

    3335


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xix Pg 15
    Ps. l. 3, 4.

    Then he shows also the judgment which is brought in by Him, saying, “A fire shall burn in His sight, and a strong tempest shall rage round about Him. He shall call upon the heaven from above, and the earth, to judge His people.”
    heretics aforementioned, since they are blind to the truth, and deviate from the [right] way, will walk in various roads; and therefore the footsteps of their doctrine are scattered here and there without agreement or connection. <index subject1="Pastors, the, to whom the apostles committed the churches, to be heard" title="548" id="ix.vii.xxi-p1.2"/>But the path of those belonging to the Church circumscribes the whole world, as possessing the sure tradition from the apostles, and gives unto us to see that the faith of all is one and the same, since all receive one and the same God the Father, and believe in the same dispensation regarding the incarnation of the Son of God, and are cognizant of the same gift of the Spirit, and are conversant with the same commandments, and preserve the same form of ecclesiastical constitution,4619

    4619 “Et eandem figuram ejus quæ est erga ecclesiam ordinationis custodientibus.” Grabe supposes this refers to the ordained ministry of the Church, but Harvey thinks it refers more probably to its general constitution.

    and expect the same advent of the Lord, and await the same salvation of the complete man, that is, of the soul and body. And undoubtedly the preaching of the Church is true and stedfast,4620

    4620 [He thus outlines the creed, and epitomizes “the faith once delivered to the saints,” as all that is requisite to salvation.]

    in which one and the same way of salvation is shown throughout the whole world. For to her is entrusted the light of God; and therefore the “wisdom” of God, by means of which she saves all men, “is declared in [its] going forth; it uttereth [its voice] faithfully in the streets, is preached on the tops of the walls, and speaks continually in the gates of the city.”4621

    4621


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 4
    Ps. l. (in E. V.).

    Accordingly He neither takes sacrifices from you nor commanded them at first to be offered because they are needful to Him, but because of your sins. For indeed the temple, which is called the temple in Jerusalem, He admitted to be His house or court, not as though He needed it, but in order that you, in this view of it, giving yourselves to Him, might not worship idols. And that this is so, Isaiah says: ‘What house have ye built Me? saith the Lord. Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.’2004

    2004


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.iv Pg 6.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 4
    Ps. l. (in E. V.).

    Accordingly He neither takes sacrifices from you nor commanded them at first to be offered because they are needful to Him, but because of your sins. For indeed the temple, which is called the temple in Jerusalem, He admitted to be His house or court, not as though He needed it, but in order that you, in this view of it, giving yourselves to Him, might not worship idols. And that this is so, Isaiah says: ‘What house have ye built Me? saith the Lord. Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.’2004

    2004


    Edersheim Bible History

    Lifetimes xi.ix Pg 284.1


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 4

    VERSE 	(5) - 

    De 28:54-56 Isa 3:16-26; 24:6-12; 32:9-14 Jer 6:2,3 Am 6:3-7


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