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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Leviticus 1:4


    CHAPTERS: Leviticus 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - MISC   |   VIDEO: BIB


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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Leviticus 1:4

    και 2532 επιθησει 2007 5692 την 3588 χειρα 5495 επι 1909 την 3588 κεφαλην 2776 του 3588 καρπωματος δεκτον 1184 αυτω 846 εξιλασασθαι περι 4012 αυτου 847

    Douay Rheims Bible

    And he shall put his
    hand upon the head of the victim, and it shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation.

    King James Bible - Leviticus 1:4

    And he shall put his
    hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

    World English Bible

    He shall lay his
    hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Leviticus 1:4

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 iii.ii.ix Pg 6
    In the ms. “saying” is here inserted, as if the words had been regarded as a quotation from Isa. liii. 11.

    He Himself took on Him the burden of our iniquities, He gave His own Son as a ransom for us, the holy One for transgressors, the blameless One for the wicked, the righteous One for the unrighteous, the incorruptible One for the corruptible, the immortal One for them that are mortal. For what other thing was capable of covering our sins than His righteousness? By what other one was it possible that we, the wicked and ungodly, could be justified, than by the only Son of God? O sweet exchange! O unsearchable operation! O benefits surpassing all expectation! that the wickedness of many should be hid in a single righteous One, and that the righteousness of One should justify many transgressors!314

    314 [See Bossuet, who quotes it as from Justin Martyr (Tom. iii. p. 171). Sermon on Circumcision.]

    Having therefore convinced us in the former time315

    315 That is, before Christ appeared.

    that our nature was unable to attain to life, and having now revealed the Saviour who is able to save even those things which it was [formerly] impossible to save, by both these facts He desired to lead us to trust in His kindness, to esteem Him our Nourisher, Father, Teacher, Counsellor, Healer, our Wisdom, Light, Honour, Glory, Power, and Life, so that we should not be anxious316

    316


    Anf-01 viii.ii.li Pg 2
    Isa. liii. 8–12.

    <index subject1="Christ Jesus" subject2="His reign and majesty" title="180" id="viii.ii.li-p2.2"/>Hear, too, how He was to ascend into heaven according to prophecy. It was thus spoken: “Lift up the gates of heaven; be ye opened, that the King of glory may come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord, strong and mighty.”1873

    1873


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 55
    Isa. liii. 12 (in LXX.). Comp., too, Bp. Lowth. Oehler’s pointing again appears to be faulty.

    who else (shall so do) but He who “was born,” as we have above shown?—“in return for the fact that His soul was delivered unto death?” For, the cause of the favour accorded Him being shown,—in return, to wit, for the injury of a death which had to be recompensed,—it is likewise shown that He, destined to attain these rewards because of death, was to attain them after death—of course after resurrection. For that which happened at His passion, that mid-day grew dark, the prophet Amos announces, saying, “And it shall be,” he says, “in that day, saith the Lord, the sun shall set at mid-day, and the day of light shall grow dark over the land:  and I will convert your festive days into grief, and all your canticles into lamentation; and I will lay upon your loins sackcloth, and upon every head baldness; and I will make the grief like that for a beloved (son), and them that are with him like a day of mourning.”1358

    1358


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xix Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 12.

    For there is here set forth the cause of this favour to Him, even that it was to recompense Him for His suffering of death. It was equally shown that He was to obtain this recompense for His death, was certainly to obtain it after His death by means of the resurrection.3370

    3370 Both His own and His people’s.



    Anf-03 v.iv.v.x Pg 8
    This seems to be Isa. liii. 12, last clause.

    For in an earlier passage, speaking in the person of the Lord himself, he had said:  “Even though your sins be as scarlet, I will make them as white as snow; even though they be like crimson, I will whiten them as wool.”3767

    3767


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 19
    Comp. Luke xxiii. 33 with Isa. liii. 12.

    Although His raiment was, without doubt, parted among the soldiers, and partly distributed by lot, yet Marcion has erased it all (from his Gospel),5138

    5138 This remarkable suppression was made to escape the wonderful minuteness of the prophetic evidence to the details of Christ’s death.

    for he had his eye upon the Psalm: “They parted my garments amongst them, and cast lots upon my vesture.”5139

    5139


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 9
    Isa. liii. 12.

    “He was pierced in His hands and His feet;”7402

    7402


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxiii Pg 22
    [That our Lord was prematurely old may be inferred from the text which Irenæus regards as proof that he literally lived to be old. St. John viii. 56, 57; comp. Isa. liii. 2.]


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xx Pg 13
    Isa. liii. 2.

    that He sat upon the foal of an ass;3676

    3676


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xlii Pg 4
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    (And what follows in order of the prophecy already quoted.2065

    2065 Chap. xiii.

    ) But when the passage speaks as from the lips of many, ‘We have preached before Him,’ and adds, ‘as if a child,’ it signifies that the wicked shall become subject to Him, and shall obey His command, and that all shall become as one child. Such a thing as you may witness in the body: although the members are enumerated as many, all are called one, and are a body. For, indeed, a commonwealth and a church,2066

    2066 ἐκκλησία Lat. vers. has conventus.

    though many individuals in number, are in fact as one, called and addressed by one appellation. And in short, sirs,” said I, “by enumerating all the other appointments of Moses I can demonstrate that they were types, and symbols, and declarations of those things which would happen to Christ, of those who it was foreknown were to believe in Him, and of those things which would also be done by Christ Himself. But since what I have now enumerated appears to me to be sufficient, I revert again to the order of the discourse.2067

    2067 Literally, “to the discourse in order.”



    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.i Pg 13.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 19
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    These are a few testimonies out of many; for we do not pretend to bring up all the passages of Scripture, because we have a tolerably large accumulation of them in the various heads of our subject, as we in our several chapters call them in as our witnesses in the fulness of their dignity and authority.7892

    7892 [See Elucidation III., and also cap. xxv. infra.]

    Still, in these few quotations the distinction of Persons in the Trinity is clearly set forth. For there is the Spirit Himself who speaks, and the Father to whom He speaks, and the Son of whom He speaks.7893

    7893 [See De Baptismo, cap. v. p. 344, Ed. Oehler, and note how often our author cites an important text, by half quotation, leaving the residue to the reader’s memory, owing to the impetuosity of his genius and his style:  “Monte decurrens velut amnis, imbres quem super notas aluere ripas fervet, etc.”]

    In the same manner, the other passages also establish each one of several Persons in His special character—addressed as they in some cases are to the Father or to the Son respecting the Son, in other cases to the Son or to the Father concerning the Father, and again in other instances to the (Holy) Spirit.


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xviii Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 2.

    If, also, He exercised no right of power even over His own followers, to whom He discharged menial ministry;308

    308


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiv Pg 3
    See Isa. liii. 2 in LXX.

    “a man set in the plague,1446

    1446


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xvii Pg 7
    Sentences out of Isa. lii. 14 and liii. 2, etc.

    Similarly the Father addressed the Son just before: “Inasmuch as many will be astonished at Thee, so also will Thy beauty be without glory from men.”3331

    3331


    Anf-03 v.vii.ix Pg 10
    Matt. x. 41.

    It is manifest also, that he who honours a prisoner of Jesus Christ shall receive the reward of the martyrs.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.vii Pg 7
    Isa. liii. 2, 3, according to the Septuagint.

    marred more than the sons of men; a man stricken with sorrows, and knowing how to bear our infirmity;”3185

    3185


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xxi Pg 105.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xlix Pg 13
    Num. xi. 17, spoken of the seventy elders. Justin confuses what is said here with Num. xxvii. 18 and Deut. xxxiv. 9.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 5
    Ps. xcix. 1–7.

    And from the other words of David, also previously quoted, which you foolishly affirm refer to Solomon, [because] inscribed for Solomon, it can be proved that they do not refer to Solomon, and that this [Christ] existed before the sun, and that those of your nation who are saved shall be saved through Him. [The words] are these: ‘O God, give Thy judgment to the king, and Thy righteousness unto the king’s son. He shall judge2191

    2191 Or, “to judge,” as in chap. xxxiv.

    Thy people with righteousness, and Thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall take up peace to the people, and the little hills righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, and shall save the children of the needy, and shall abase the slanderer: and He shall co-endure with the sun, and before the moon unto all generations;’ and so on until, ‘His name endureth before the sun, and all tribes of the earth shall be blessed in Him. All nations shall call Him blessed. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things: and blessed be His glorious name for ever and ever: and the whole earth shall be filled with His glory. Amen, Amen.’2192

    2192


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 5
    Ps. xcix. 1–7.

    And from the other words of David, also previously quoted, which you foolishly affirm refer to Solomon, [because] inscribed for Solomon, it can be proved that they do not refer to Solomon, and that this [Christ] existed before the sun, and that those of your nation who are saved shall be saved through Him. [The words] are these: ‘O God, give Thy judgment to the king, and Thy righteousness unto the king’s son. He shall judge2191

    2191 Or, “to judge,” as in chap. xxxiv.

    Thy people with righteousness, and Thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall take up peace to the people, and the little hills righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, and shall save the children of the needy, and shall abase the slanderer: and He shall co-endure with the sun, and before the moon unto all generations;’ and so on until, ‘His name endureth before the sun, and all tribes of the earth shall be blessed in Him. All nations shall call Him blessed. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things: and blessed be His glorious name for ever and ever: and the whole earth shall be filled with His glory. Amen, Amen.’2192

    2192


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-01 iii.ii.ix Pg 6
    In the ms. “saying” is here inserted, as if the words had been regarded as a quotation from Isa. liii. 11.

    He Himself took on Him the burden of our iniquities, He gave His own Son as a ransom for us, the holy One for transgressors, the blameless One for the wicked, the righteous One for the unrighteous, the incorruptible One for the corruptible, the immortal One for them that are mortal. For what other thing was capable of covering our sins than His righteousness? By what other one was it possible that we, the wicked and ungodly, could be justified, than by the only Son of God? O sweet exchange! O unsearchable operation! O benefits surpassing all expectation! that the wickedness of many should be hid in a single righteous One, and that the righteousness of One should justify many transgressors!314

    314 [See Bossuet, who quotes it as from Justin Martyr (Tom. iii. p. 171). Sermon on Circumcision.]

    Having therefore convinced us in the former time315

    315 That is, before Christ appeared.

    that our nature was unable to attain to life, and having now revealed the Saviour who is able to save even those things which it was [formerly] impossible to save, by both these facts He desired to lead us to trust in His kindness, to esteem Him our Nourisher, Father, Teacher, Counsellor, Healer, our Wisdom, Light, Honour, Glory, Power, and Life, so that we should not be anxious316

    316


    Anf-01 viii.ii.li Pg 2
    Isa. liii. 8–12.

    <index subject1="Christ Jesus" subject2="His reign and majesty" title="180" id="viii.ii.li-p2.2"/>Hear, too, how He was to ascend into heaven according to prophecy. It was thus spoken: “Lift up the gates of heaven; be ye opened, that the King of glory may come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord, strong and mighty.”1873

    1873


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 55
    Isa. liii. 12 (in LXX.). Comp., too, Bp. Lowth. Oehler’s pointing again appears to be faulty.

    who else (shall so do) but He who “was born,” as we have above shown?—“in return for the fact that His soul was delivered unto death?” For, the cause of the favour accorded Him being shown,—in return, to wit, for the injury of a death which had to be recompensed,—it is likewise shown that He, destined to attain these rewards because of death, was to attain them after death—of course after resurrection. For that which happened at His passion, that mid-day grew dark, the prophet Amos announces, saying, “And it shall be,” he says, “in that day, saith the Lord, the sun shall set at mid-day, and the day of light shall grow dark over the land:  and I will convert your festive days into grief, and all your canticles into lamentation; and I will lay upon your loins sackcloth, and upon every head baldness; and I will make the grief like that for a beloved (son), and them that are with him like a day of mourning.”1358

    1358


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xix Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 12.

    For there is here set forth the cause of this favour to Him, even that it was to recompense Him for His suffering of death. It was equally shown that He was to obtain this recompense for His death, was certainly to obtain it after His death by means of the resurrection.3370

    3370 Both His own and His people’s.



    Anf-03 v.iv.v.x Pg 8
    This seems to be Isa. liii. 12, last clause.

    For in an earlier passage, speaking in the person of the Lord himself, he had said:  “Even though your sins be as scarlet, I will make them as white as snow; even though they be like crimson, I will whiten them as wool.”3767

    3767


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 19
    Comp. Luke xxiii. 33 with Isa. liii. 12.

    Although His raiment was, without doubt, parted among the soldiers, and partly distributed by lot, yet Marcion has erased it all (from his Gospel),5138

    5138 This remarkable suppression was made to escape the wonderful minuteness of the prophetic evidence to the details of Christ’s death.

    for he had his eye upon the Psalm: “They parted my garments amongst them, and cast lots upon my vesture.”5139

    5139


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 9
    Isa. liii. 12.

    “He was pierced in His hands and His feet;”7402

    7402


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxiii Pg 22
    [That our Lord was prematurely old may be inferred from the text which Irenæus regards as proof that he literally lived to be old. St. John viii. 56, 57; comp. Isa. liii. 2.]


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xx Pg 13
    Isa. liii. 2.

    that He sat upon the foal of an ass;3676

    3676


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xlii Pg 4
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    (And what follows in order of the prophecy already quoted.2065

    2065 Chap. xiii.

    ) But when the passage speaks as from the lips of many, ‘We have preached before Him,’ and adds, ‘as if a child,’ it signifies that the wicked shall become subject to Him, and shall obey His command, and that all shall become as one child. Such a thing as you may witness in the body: although the members are enumerated as many, all are called one, and are a body. For, indeed, a commonwealth and a church,2066

    2066 ἐκκλησία Lat. vers. has conventus.

    though many individuals in number, are in fact as one, called and addressed by one appellation. And in short, sirs,” said I, “by enumerating all the other appointments of Moses I can demonstrate that they were types, and symbols, and declarations of those things which would happen to Christ, of those who it was foreknown were to believe in Him, and of those things which would also be done by Christ Himself. But since what I have now enumerated appears to me to be sufficient, I revert again to the order of the discourse.2067

    2067 Literally, “to the discourse in order.”



    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.i Pg 13.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 19
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    These are a few testimonies out of many; for we do not pretend to bring up all the passages of Scripture, because we have a tolerably large accumulation of them in the various heads of our subject, as we in our several chapters call them in as our witnesses in the fulness of their dignity and authority.7892

    7892 [See Elucidation III., and also cap. xxv. infra.]

    Still, in these few quotations the distinction of Persons in the Trinity is clearly set forth. For there is the Spirit Himself who speaks, and the Father to whom He speaks, and the Son of whom He speaks.7893

    7893 [See De Baptismo, cap. v. p. 344, Ed. Oehler, and note how often our author cites an important text, by half quotation, leaving the residue to the reader’s memory, owing to the impetuosity of his genius and his style:  “Monte decurrens velut amnis, imbres quem super notas aluere ripas fervet, etc.”]

    In the same manner, the other passages also establish each one of several Persons in His special character—addressed as they in some cases are to the Father or to the Son respecting the Son, in other cases to the Son or to the Father concerning the Father, and again in other instances to the (Holy) Spirit.


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xviii Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 2.

    If, also, He exercised no right of power even over His own followers, to whom He discharged menial ministry;308

    308


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiv Pg 3
    See Isa. liii. 2 in LXX.

    “a man set in the plague,1446

    1446


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xvii Pg 7
    Sentences out of Isa. lii. 14 and liii. 2, etc.

    Similarly the Father addressed the Son just before: “Inasmuch as many will be astonished at Thee, so also will Thy beauty be without glory from men.”3331

    3331


    Anf-03 v.vii.ix Pg 10
    Matt. x. 41.

    It is manifest also, that he who honours a prisoner of Jesus Christ shall receive the reward of the martyrs.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.vii Pg 7
    Isa. liii. 2, 3, according to the Septuagint.

    marred more than the sons of men; a man stricken with sorrows, and knowing how to bear our infirmity;”3185

    3185


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-01 iii.ii.ix Pg 6
    In the ms. “saying” is here inserted, as if the words had been regarded as a quotation from Isa. liii. 11.

    He Himself took on Him the burden of our iniquities, He gave His own Son as a ransom for us, the holy One for transgressors, the blameless One for the wicked, the righteous One for the unrighteous, the incorruptible One for the corruptible, the immortal One for them that are mortal. For what other thing was capable of covering our sins than His righteousness? By what other one was it possible that we, the wicked and ungodly, could be justified, than by the only Son of God? O sweet exchange! O unsearchable operation! O benefits surpassing all expectation! that the wickedness of many should be hid in a single righteous One, and that the righteousness of One should justify many transgressors!314

    314 [See Bossuet, who quotes it as from Justin Martyr (Tom. iii. p. 171). Sermon on Circumcision.]

    Having therefore convinced us in the former time315

    315 That is, before Christ appeared.

    that our nature was unable to attain to life, and having now revealed the Saviour who is able to save even those things which it was [formerly] impossible to save, by both these facts He desired to lead us to trust in His kindness, to esteem Him our Nourisher, Father, Teacher, Counsellor, Healer, our Wisdom, Light, Honour, Glory, Power, and Life, so that we should not be anxious316

    316


    Anf-01 viii.ii.li Pg 2
    Isa. liii. 8–12.

    <index subject1="Christ Jesus" subject2="His reign and majesty" title="180" id="viii.ii.li-p2.2"/>Hear, too, how He was to ascend into heaven according to prophecy. It was thus spoken: “Lift up the gates of heaven; be ye opened, that the King of glory may come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord, strong and mighty.”1873

    1873


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 55
    Isa. liii. 12 (in LXX.). Comp., too, Bp. Lowth. Oehler’s pointing again appears to be faulty.

    who else (shall so do) but He who “was born,” as we have above shown?—“in return for the fact that His soul was delivered unto death?” For, the cause of the favour accorded Him being shown,—in return, to wit, for the injury of a death which had to be recompensed,—it is likewise shown that He, destined to attain these rewards because of death, was to attain them after death—of course after resurrection. For that which happened at His passion, that mid-day grew dark, the prophet Amos announces, saying, “And it shall be,” he says, “in that day, saith the Lord, the sun shall set at mid-day, and the day of light shall grow dark over the land:  and I will convert your festive days into grief, and all your canticles into lamentation; and I will lay upon your loins sackcloth, and upon every head baldness; and I will make the grief like that for a beloved (son), and them that are with him like a day of mourning.”1358

    1358


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xix Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 12.

    For there is here set forth the cause of this favour to Him, even that it was to recompense Him for His suffering of death. It was equally shown that He was to obtain this recompense for His death, was certainly to obtain it after His death by means of the resurrection.3370

    3370 Both His own and His people’s.



    Anf-03 v.iv.v.x Pg 8
    This seems to be Isa. liii. 12, last clause.

    For in an earlier passage, speaking in the person of the Lord himself, he had said:  “Even though your sins be as scarlet, I will make them as white as snow; even though they be like crimson, I will whiten them as wool.”3767

    3767


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 19
    Comp. Luke xxiii. 33 with Isa. liii. 12.

    Although His raiment was, without doubt, parted among the soldiers, and partly distributed by lot, yet Marcion has erased it all (from his Gospel),5138

    5138 This remarkable suppression was made to escape the wonderful minuteness of the prophetic evidence to the details of Christ’s death.

    for he had his eye upon the Psalm: “They parted my garments amongst them, and cast lots upon my vesture.”5139

    5139


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 9
    Isa. liii. 12.

    “He was pierced in His hands and His feet;”7402

    7402


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxiii Pg 22
    [That our Lord was prematurely old may be inferred from the text which Irenæus regards as proof that he literally lived to be old. St. John viii. 56, 57; comp. Isa. liii. 2.]


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xx Pg 13
    Isa. liii. 2.

    that He sat upon the foal of an ass;3676

    3676


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xlii Pg 4
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    (And what follows in order of the prophecy already quoted.2065

    2065 Chap. xiii.

    ) But when the passage speaks as from the lips of many, ‘We have preached before Him,’ and adds, ‘as if a child,’ it signifies that the wicked shall become subject to Him, and shall obey His command, and that all shall become as one child. Such a thing as you may witness in the body: although the members are enumerated as many, all are called one, and are a body. For, indeed, a commonwealth and a church,2066

    2066 ἐκκλησία Lat. vers. has conventus.

    though many individuals in number, are in fact as one, called and addressed by one appellation. And in short, sirs,” said I, “by enumerating all the other appointments of Moses I can demonstrate that they were types, and symbols, and declarations of those things which would happen to Christ, of those who it was foreknown were to believe in Him, and of those things which would also be done by Christ Himself. But since what I have now enumerated appears to me to be sufficient, I revert again to the order of the discourse.2067

    2067 Literally, “to the discourse in order.”



    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.i Pg 13.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 19
    Isa. liii. 1, 2.

    These are a few testimonies out of many; for we do not pretend to bring up all the passages of Scripture, because we have a tolerably large accumulation of them in the various heads of our subject, as we in our several chapters call them in as our witnesses in the fulness of their dignity and authority.7892

    7892 [See Elucidation III., and also cap. xxv. infra.]

    Still, in these few quotations the distinction of Persons in the Trinity is clearly set forth. For there is the Spirit Himself who speaks, and the Father to whom He speaks, and the Son of whom He speaks.7893

    7893 [See De Baptismo, cap. v. p. 344, Ed. Oehler, and note how often our author cites an important text, by half quotation, leaving the residue to the reader’s memory, owing to the impetuosity of his genius and his style:  “Monte decurrens velut amnis, imbres quem super notas aluere ripas fervet, etc.”]

    In the same manner, the other passages also establish each one of several Persons in His special character—addressed as they in some cases are to the Father or to the Son respecting the Son, in other cases to the Son or to the Father concerning the Father, and again in other instances to the (Holy) Spirit.


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xviii Pg 16
    Isa. liii. 2.

    If, also, He exercised no right of power even over His own followers, to whom He discharged menial ministry;308

    308


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiv Pg 3
    See Isa. liii. 2 in LXX.

    “a man set in the plague,1446

    1446


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xvii Pg 7
    Sentences out of Isa. lii. 14 and liii. 2, etc.

    Similarly the Father addressed the Son just before: “Inasmuch as many will be astonished at Thee, so also will Thy beauty be without glory from men.”3331

    3331


    Anf-03 v.vii.ix Pg 10
    Matt. x. 41.

    It is manifest also, that he who honours a prisoner of Jesus Christ shall receive the reward of the martyrs.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.vii Pg 7
    Isa. liii. 2, 3, according to the Septuagint.

    marred more than the sons of men; a man stricken with sorrows, and knowing how to bear our infirmity;”3185

    3185


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xxi Pg 105.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xlix Pg 13
    Num. xi. 17, spoken of the seventy elders. Justin confuses what is said here with Num. xxvii. 18 and Deut. xxxiv. 9.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 5
    Ps. xcix. 1–7.

    And from the other words of David, also previously quoted, which you foolishly affirm refer to Solomon, [because] inscribed for Solomon, it can be proved that they do not refer to Solomon, and that this [Christ] existed before the sun, and that those of your nation who are saved shall be saved through Him. [The words] are these: ‘O God, give Thy judgment to the king, and Thy righteousness unto the king’s son. He shall judge2191

    2191 Or, “to judge,” as in chap. xxxiv.

    Thy people with righteousness, and Thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall take up peace to the people, and the little hills righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, and shall save the children of the needy, and shall abase the slanderer: and He shall co-endure with the sun, and before the moon unto all generations;’ and so on until, ‘His name endureth before the sun, and all tribes of the earth shall be blessed in Him. All nations shall call Him blessed. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things: and blessed be His glorious name for ever and ever: and the whole earth shall be filled with His glory. Amen, Amen.’2192

    2192


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 5
    Ps. xcix. 1–7.

    And from the other words of David, also previously quoted, which you foolishly affirm refer to Solomon, [because] inscribed for Solomon, it can be proved that they do not refer to Solomon, and that this [Christ] existed before the sun, and that those of your nation who are saved shall be saved through Him. [The words] are these: ‘O God, give Thy judgment to the king, and Thy righteousness unto the king’s son. He shall judge2191

    2191 Or, “to judge,” as in chap. xxxiv.

    Thy people with righteousness, and Thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall take up peace to the people, and the little hills righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, and shall save the children of the needy, and shall abase the slanderer: and He shall co-endure with the sun, and before the moon unto all generations;’ and so on until, ‘His name endureth before the sun, and all tribes of the earth shall be blessed in Him. All nations shall call Him blessed. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things: and blessed be His glorious name for ever and ever: and the whole earth shall be filled with His glory. Amen, Amen.’2192

    2192


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 53
    Isa. liii. 8, 9, 10, (in LXX.).

    and so forth. He says again, moreover: “His sepulture hath been taken away from the midst.”1356

    1356


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.

    Edersheim Bible History

    Lifetimes vii.ix Pg 117.1


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 1

    VERSE 	(4) - 

    Le 3:2,8,13; 4:4,15,24,29; 8:14,22; 16:21 Ex 29:10,15,19 Nu 8:12


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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