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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Mark 15:31


    CHAPTERS: Mark 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47

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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Mark 15:31

    ομοιως 3668 δε 1161 και 2532 οι 3588 αρχιερεις 749 εμπαιζοντες 1702 5723 προς 4314 αλληλους 240 μετα 3326 των 3588 γραμματεων 1122 ελεγον 3004 5707 αλλους 243 εσωσεν 4982 5656 εαυτον 1438 ου 3756 δυναται 1410 5736 σωσαι 4982 5658

    Douay Rheims Bible

    In like manner also the chief priests mocking, said with the scribes one to another: He saved others; himself he cannot save.

    King James Bible - Mark 15:31

    Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.

    World English Bible

    Likewise, also the chief priests mocking among themselves with the scribes said, "He saved others. He can't save himself.

    Early Church Father Links

    Npnf-106 vii.xc Pg 24

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Mark 15:31

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.ii.xl Pg 3
    Ps. i., Ps. ii.


    Anf-03 v.iv.ii.xxi Pg 6
    Ps. ii. 3, 1, 2.

    And, indeed, if another god were preached by Paul, there could be no doubt about the law, whether it were to be kept or not, because of course it would not belong to the new lord, the enemy2568

    2568 Æmulum.

    of the law. The very newness and difference of the god would take away not only all question about the old and alien law, but even all mention of it.  But the whole question, as it then stood, was this, that although the God of the law was the same as was preached in Christ, yet there was a disparagement2569

    2569 Derogaretur.

    of His law. Permanent still, therefore, stood faith in the Creator and in His Christ; manner of life and discipline alone fluctuated.2570

    2570 Nutabat.

    Some disputed about eating idol sacrifices, others about the veiled dress of women, others again about marriage and divorce, and some even about the hope of the resurrection; but about God no one disputed. Now, if this question also had entered into dispute, surely it would be found in the apostle, and that too as a great and vital point. No doubt, after the time of the apostles, the truth respecting the belief of God suffered corruption, but it is equally certain that during the life of the apostles their teaching on this great article did not suffer at all; so that no other teaching will have the right of being received as apostolic than that which is at the present day proclaimed in the churches of apostolic foundation. You will, however, find no church of apostolic origin2571

    2571 Census.

    but such as reposes its Christian faith in the Creator.2572

    2572 In Creatore christianizet.

    But if the churches shall prove to have been corrupt from the beginning, where shall the pure ones be found? Will it be amongst the adversaries of the Creator? Show us, then, one of your churches, tracing its descent from an apostle, and you will have gained the day.2573

    2573 Obduxeris. For this sense of the word, see Apol. 1. sub init. “sed obducimur,” etc.

    Forasmuch then as it is on all accounts evident that there was from Christ down to Marcion’s time no other God in the rule of sacred truth2574

    2574 Sacramenti.

    than the Creator, the proof of our argument is sufficiently established, in which we have shown that the god of our heretic first became known by his separation of the gospel and the law.  Our previous position2575

    2575 Definito.

    is accordingly made good, that no god is to be believed whom any man has devised out of his own conceits; except indeed the man be a prophet,2576

    2576 That is, “inspired.”

    and then his own conceits would not be concerned in the matter. If Marcion, however, shall be able to lay claim to this inspired character, it will be necessary for it to be shown. There must be no doubt or paltering.2577

    2577 Nihil retractare oportebat.

    For all heresy is thrust out by this wedge of the truth, that Christ is proved to be the revealer of no God else but the Creator.2578

    2578 [Kaye, p. 274.]



    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.iii Pg 38
    Ps. ii. 1, 2.

    in order that thenceforward man might be justified by the liberty of faith, not by servitude to the law,5303

    5303


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 10
    Ps. ii. 1, 2.

    The heathen were Pilate and the Romans; the people were the tribes of Israel; the kings were represented in Herod, and the rulers in the chief priests. When, indeed, He was sent to Herod gratuitously5129

    5129 Velut munus. This is a definition, in fact, of the xenium in the verse from Hosea. This ξένιον was the Roman lautia, “a state entertainment to distinguished foreigners in the city.”

    by Pilate,5130

    5130


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 6
    Ps. ii. 1, 2.

    He, again, was “led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a sheep before the shearer,” that is, Herod, “is dumb, so He opened not His mouth.”7399

    7399


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 13


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xl Pg 3
    Ps. i., Ps. ii.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 48.1


    Anf-03 vi.vii.xiv Pg 6
    Compare Ps. ii. 4.

    how was the evil one cut asunder,9173

    9173 i.e. with rage and disappointment.

    while Job with mighty equanimity kept scraping off9174

    9174


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xxxv Pg 5
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    And indeed David, the king and prophet, who uttered these things, suffered none of them; but Jesus Christ stretched forth His hands, being crucified by the Jews speaking against Him, and denying that He was the Christ. And as the prophet spoke, they tormented Him, and set Him on the judgment-seat, and said, Judge us. And the expression, “They pierced my hands and my feet,” was used in reference to the nails of the cross which were fixed in His hands and feet. And after He was crucified they cast lots upon His vesture, and they that crucified Him parted it among them. And that these things did happen, you can ascertain from the Acts of Pontius Pilate.1838

    1838 ἄκτων. These Acts of Pontius Pilate, or regular accounts of his procedure sent by Pilate to the Emperor Tiberius, are supposed to have been destroyed at an early period, possibly in consequence of the unanswerable appeals which the Christians constantly made to them. There exists a forgery in imitation of these Acts. See Trollope.

    <index subject1="Christ Jesus" subject2="testimony of Scripture regarding Him: of Zechariah" title="175" id="viii.ii.xxxv-p6.2"/>And we will cite the prophetic utterances of another prophet, Zephaniah,1839

    1839 The reader will notice that these are not the words of Zephaniah, but of Zechariah (ix. 9), to whom also Justin himself refers them in the Dial. Tryph., c. 53. [Might be corrected in the text, therefore, as a clerical slip of the pen.]

    to the effect that He was foretold expressly as to sit upon the foal of an ass and to enter Jerusalem. The words are these: “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.”1840

    1840


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xcvii Pg 5
    That is, Ps. xxii. 16–18.

    Psalm thus refers to the suffering and to the cross in a parable of mystery: ‘They pierced my hands and my feet; they counted all my bones. They considered and gazed on me; they parted my garments among themselves, and cast lots upon my vesture.’ For when they crucified Him, driving in the nails, they pierced His hands and feet; and those who crucified Him parted His garments among themselves, each casting lots for what he chose to have, and receiving according to the decision of the lot. And this very Psalm you maintain does not refer to Christ; for you are in all respects blind, and do not understand that no one in your nation who has been called King or Christ has ever had his hands or feet pierced while alive, or has died in this mysterious fashion—to wit, by the cross—save this Jesus alone.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.viii Pg 55
    See Ps. xxii. 16 (xxi. 17 in LXX.)

    And the suffering of this “extermination” was perfected within the times of the lxx hebdomads, under Tiberius Cæsar, in the consulate of Rubellius Geminus and Fufius Geminus, in the month of March, at the times of the passover, on the eighth day before the calends of April,1245

    1245 i.e., March 25.

    on the first day of unleavened bread, on which they slew the lamb at even, just as had been enjoined by Moses.1246

    1246


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 9
    Ps. xxii. 16 (xxi. 17 in LXX.).

    and, “They put into my drink gall, and in my thirst they slaked me with vinegar;”1320

    1320


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 49
    Ver. 16 (17 in LXX.).

    —which is the peculiar atrocity of the cross; and again when He implores the aid of the Father, “Save me,” He says, “out of the mouth of the lion”—of course, of death—“and from the horn of the unicorns my humility,”1353

    1353


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xix Pg 10
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    which is the special cruelty of the cross.  And again, when He implores His Father’s help, He says, “Save me from the lion’s mouth,” that is, the jaws of death, “and my humiliation from the horns of the unicorns;” in other words, from the extremities of the cross, as we have shown above. Now, David himself did not suffer this cross, nor did any other king of the Jews; so that you cannot suppose that this is the prophecy of any other’s passion than His who alone was so notably crucified by the nation.  Now should the heretics, in their obstinacy,3364

    3364 Hæretica duritia.

    reject and despise all these interpretations, I will grant to them that the Creator has given us no signs of the cross of His Christ; but they will not prove from this concession that He who was crucified was another (Christ), unless they could somehow show that this death was predicted as His by their own god, so that from the diversity of predictions there might be maintained to be a diversity of sufferers,3365

    3365 Passionum, literally sufferings, which would hardly give the sense.

    and thereby also a diversity of persons.  But since there is no prophecy of even Marcion’s Christ, much less of his cross, it is enough for my Christ that there is a prophecy merely of death. For, from the fact that the kind of death is not declared, it was possible for the death of the cross to have been still intended, which would then have to be assigned to another (Christ), if the prophecy had had reference to another. Besides,3366

    3366 Nisi.

    if he should be unwilling to allow that the death of my Christ was predicted, his confusion must be the greater3367

    3367 Quo magis erubescat.

    if he announces that his own Christ indeed died, whom he denies to have had a nativity, whilst denying that my Christ is mortal, though he allows Him to be capable of birth. However, I will show him the death, and burial, and resurrection of my Christ all3368

    3368 Et—et—et.

    indicated in a single sentence of Isaiah, who says, “His sepulture was removed from the midst of them.” Now there could have been no sepulture without death, and no removal of sepulture except by resurrection. Then, finally, he added: “Therefore He shall have many for his inheritance, and He shall divide the spoil of the many, because He poured out His soul unto death.”3369

    3369


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 22
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    Indeed, the details of the whole event are therein read: “Dogs compassed me about; the assembly of the wicked enclosed me around. All that looked upon me laughed me to scorn; they did shoot out their lips and shake their heads, (saying,) He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him.”5141

    5141


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 23
    Ps. xxii. 16, 7, 8.

    Of what use now is (your tampering with) the testimony of His garments? If you take it as a booty for your false Christ, still all the Psalm (compensates) the vesture of Christ.5142

    5142 We append the original of these obscure sentences: “Quo jam testimonium vestimentorum? Habe falsi tui prædam; totus psalmus vestimenta sunt Christi.” The general sense is apparent. If Marcion does suppress the details about Christ’s garments at the cross, to escape the inconvenient proof they afford that Christ is the object of prophecies, yet there are so many other points of agreement between this wonderful Psalm and St. Luke’s history of the crucifixion (not expunged, as it would seem, by the heretic), that they quite compensate for the loss of this passage about the garments (Oehler).

    But, behold, the very elements are shaken. For their Lord was suffering. If, however, it was their enemy to whom all this injury was done, the heaven would have gleamed with light, the sun would have been even more radiant, and the day would have prolonged its course5143

    5143


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 18
    Ps. xxii. 16, 17 (xxi. 17, 18, in LXX.); and lxix. 21 (lxviii. 22 in LXX.).

    These things David did not suffer, so as to seem justly to have spoken of himself; but the Christ who was crucified.  Moreover, the “hands and feet,” are not “exterminated,”1397

    1397 i.e., displaced, dislocated.

    except His who is suspended on a “tree.”  Whence, again, David said that “the Lord would reign from the tree:”1398

    1398 See c. x. above.

    for elsewhere, too, the prophet predicts the fruit of this “tree,” saying “The earth hath given her blessings,”1399

    1399


    Anf-01 vi.ii.vi Pg 10
    Ps. xxii. 17, Ps. cxviii. 12.

    and “upon my garment they cast lots.”1502

    1502


    Anf-01 vi.ii.v Pg 12
    These are inaccurate and confused quotations from Ps. xxii. 21; 17, and Ps. cxix. 120.

    And again he says, “Behold, I have given my back to scourges, and my cheeks to strokes, and I have set my countenance as a firm rock.”1492

    1492


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 18
    Ps. xxii. 16, 17 (xxi. 17, 18, in LXX.); and lxix. 21 (lxviii. 22 in LXX.).

    These things David did not suffer, so as to seem justly to have spoken of himself; but the Christ who was crucified.  Moreover, the “hands and feet,” are not “exterminated,”1397

    1397 i.e., displaced, dislocated.

    except His who is suspended on a “tree.”  Whence, again, David said that “the Lord would reign from the tree:”1398

    1398 See c. x. above.

    for elsewhere, too, the prophet predicts the fruit of this “tree,” saying “The earth hath given her blessings,”1399

    1399


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 10
    Ps. xxii. 17.

    “they cast lots for his raiment;”7403

    7403


    Edersheim Bible History

    Temple xxi Pg 39.2


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 15

    VERSE 	(31) - 

    Ps 2:1-4; 22:16,17 Mt 27:41-43 Lu 23:35-37


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