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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Timothy 1:17

    CHAPTERS: 1 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20




    King James Bible - 1 Timothy 1:17

    Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

    World English Bible

    Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Timothy 1:17

    Now to the king of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, God the only wise, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3588 δε 1161 βασιλει 935 των 3588 αιωνων 165 αφθαρτω 862 αορατω 517 μονω 3441 σοφω 4680 θεω 2316 τιμη 5092 και 2532 δοξα 1391 εις 1519 τους 3588 αιωνας 165 των 3588 αιωνων 165 αμην 281

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (17) -
    1Ti 6:15,16 Ps 10:16; 45:1,6; 47:6-8; 90:2; 145:13 Jer 10:10 Da 2:44

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:17

    Por tanto, al Rey para siempre, inmortal, invisible, al nico sabio Dios, sea honor y gloria por los siglos de los siglos. Amn.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 1:17

    Verse 17. Now unto the King
    eternal] This burst of thanksgiving and gratitude to God, naturally arose from the subject then under his pen and eye. God has most wondrously manifested his mercy, in this beginning of the Gospel, by saving me, and making me a pattern to all them that shall hereafter believe on Christ. He is basileuv twn aiwnwn, the king of eternities; the eternity a parte ante, and the eternity a parte post; the eternity that was before time was, and the eternity that shall be when time is no more. Therefore, ever living to justify and save sinners, to the end of the world.

    Immortal] afqartw? Incorruptible - not liable to decay or corruption; a simple uncompounded essence, incapable, therefore, of decomposition, and consequently permanent and eternal. One MS., the later Syriac in the margin, the Vulgate, one copy of the Itala, and some of the Latin fathers, read aqanatw, immortal, which our translation follows; but it is not the original reading.

    Invisible] aoratw? One who fills all things, works everywhere, and yet is invisible to angels and men; the perfect reverse of false gods and idols, who are confined to one spot, work nowhere, and, being stocks and stones, are seen by every body.

    The only wise God] The word sofw wise, is omitted by AD*FG, Syriac, Erpen's Arabic, Coptic, Sahidic, AEthiopic, Armenian, Vulgate, and Itala.

    Some of the Greek fathers quote it sometimes, and omit it at others; which shows that it was an unsettled reading, probably borrowed from Rom. xvi. 27. See the note there. Griesbach leaves it out of the text. Without it the reading is very strong and appropriate: To the only God; nothing visible or invisible being worthy of adoration but himself.

    Be honour] All the respect and reverence that can be paid by intelligent beings, ascribing to him at the same time all the glory - excellences, and perfections, which can be possessed by an intelligent, unoriginated, independent, and eternal Being; and this for ever and ever-through eternity.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 17. Now unto the King eternal , etc.] This doxology, or ascription of glory to God, on account of the grace bestowed upon the apostle, may be considered, either as referring to all the three divine Persons, Father, Son, and Spirit, who are the one and only God; and to whom all the attributes of wisdom, power, eternity, immortality, or incorruptibleness, and invisibility, belong; and who are jointly concerned in the grace bestowed upon any of the sons of men. Or else to God the Father, in agreement with a parallel place in ( Romans 16:27) who is the only true God, in opposition to nominal and fictitious deities, though not to the exclusion of the Son and Spirit; and to whom the several epithets here used may be unquestionably given: he has shown his wisdom in the works of creation, providence, and grace; he is the everlasting King, or the King of ages, or of worlds; he is Maker of the worlds, and the Governor of them throughout all ages and generations; he only has immortality, and is the incorruptible God, and who is invisible, whose shape has never been seen, nor his voice heard: or else this may be thought to belong to Jesus Christ, since it is to him the apostle gives thanks for putting him into the ministry; and from him he obtained mercy, and received abundant grace; and he it was who came into the world to save sinners, and who showed forth all longsuffering in him, (see 1 Timothy 1:12-16), upon which the apostle breaks out into this attribution of glory and honour, and which agrees with ( Jude 1:25).

    And everything here said is applicable to him; he is the eternal King, whose is the kingdom of nature, providence, and grace; his throne is for ever and ever, and of his kingdom and government there is no end; he is the King of ages, as the phrase may be rendered, and so his kingdom is called ymlw[ lk twklm , the kingdom of all ages, ( <19E513> Psalm 145:13) and which endures throughout all generations; and this distinguishes him from all other kings. Scarce any king ever reigned an age, but Christ has reigned, and will reign throughout all ages. No regard is here had, as some have thought, to the Aeones of the Gnostics and Valentinians; but rather the apostle adopts a phrase into his doxology, frequently used by the Jews in their prayers, many of which begin after this manner; blessed art thou, O Lord our God, lw[h lm the king of the age, or world, etc. and ymlw[h lk wbr , Lord of all ages, or worlds, etc. f15 . Other attributes and epithets follow, as immortal or incorruptible. Christ is the living God, and the living Redeemer; and though he died as man, he will die no more, but ever lives to make intercession for his people, and to reign over them, and protect them: who also may be said to be invisible, who was so in his divine nature, till manifest in the flesh; and now in his human nature he is taken out of the sight of men, and is not to be beheld with bodily eyes by men on earth: and he is the only wise God ; he is the only God, so the Alexandrian copy, the Syriac and Vulgate Latin versions, read; not to the exclusion of the Father or Spirit, but in opposition to all false deities, or those who are not by nature God: and he is the only wise God; who is wisdom itself, and of himself; and is the fountain of wisdom, both natural and spiritual, unto others; wherefore to him be honour and glory for ever and ever, Amen . Christ is crowned with honour and glory, and he is worthy of it; and it becomes all men to honour the Son, as they do the Father: he is the brightness of his glory, and equal to him; and the glory of deity, of all the divine perfections, and works, and also worship, should be given him; as well as the glory of salvation, and of all the grace the sons of men partake of; and that not only now, but to all eternity.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 12-17 - The apostle knew that he would justly have perished, if the Lord ha been extreme to mark what was amiss; and also if his grace and merc had not been abundant to him when dead in sin, working faith and love to Christ in his heart. This is a faithful saying; these are true an faithful words, which may be depended on, That the Son of God came int the world, willingly and purposely to save sinners. No man, with Paul' example before him, can question the love and power of Christ to sav him, if he really desires to trust in him as the Son of God, who onc died on the cross, and now reigns upon the throne of glory, to save all that come to God through him. Let us then admire and praise the grac of God our Saviour; and ascribe to the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost three Persons in the unity of the Godhead, the glory of all done in by, and for us.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3588 δε 1161 βασιλει 935 των 3588 αιωνων 165 αφθαρτω 862 αορατω 517 μονω 3441 σοφω 4680 θεω 2316 τιμη 5092 και 2532 δοξα 1391 εις 1519 τους 3588 αιωνας 165 των 3588 αιωνων 165 αμην 281

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    17. King
    eternal (basilei twn aiwnwn). Lit. the king of the ages. Only here and Apoc. xv. 3. Comp. Heb. i. 2; xi. 3. In LXX, Tob. vi. 10. For kindred expressions in LXX, see Exod. xv. 18; 1 Sam. xiii. 13; Psalm ix. 7; xxviii. 10; lxxiii. 12; cxliv. 13; cxlv. . See also additional note on 2 Thessalonians i. 9.

    Immortal (afqartw). Lit. Incorruptible. In Paul, applied to God only, Roman i. 23.

    Invisible (aortw). Applied to God, Col. i. 15; Hebrew xi. 27. The only wise God (monw qew). Wise should be omitted. Rend. The only God. Sofw wise was interpolated from Rom. xvi. 27 - the only instance in which Paul applies the term to God. Comp. Jude 4, 25; Luke v. 21; Jas. v. 44.

    Honor and glory (timh kai doxa). This combination in doxology only here and Apoc v. 12, 13. Comp. Apoc. iv. 9. In doxologies Paul uses only doxa glory, with the article, the glory, and with to whom or to him. (Be).

    Forever and ever (eiv touv aiwnav twn aiwnwn). Lit unto the aeons of the aeons. The formula in Paul, Roman xvi. 26; Gal. i. 5; Philippians iv. 20. Also in Hebrews and 1 Peter, and often in Revelation The doxology as a whole is unique in N.T.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    1:17 this noble doxology is a burst of gratitude for God's grace to Paul. For other doxologies see #Ga 1:5; Ro 11:36; 16:27; Php 4:20; Eph 3:21; 1Ti 6:16. White suggests that Paul may have often used this doxology in his prayers. Lock suggests "a Jewish liturgical formula" (a needless suggestion in view of Paul's wealth of doxologies seen above). For God's creative activity (King of the ages) see #1Co 10:11; Eph 2:7; 3:9,11. {Incorruptible} (afqartwi). As an epithet of God also in #Ro 1:23. {Invisible} (aoratwi). Epithet of God in #Col 1:15. {The only God} (monwi qewi). So #Ro 16:27; Joh 5:44; 17:3. {For ever and ever} (eis tous aiwnas twn aiwnwn). "Unto the ages of ages." Cf. #Eph 3:21 "of the age of the ages."

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20


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