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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Timothy 1:20


    CHAPTERS: 1 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

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    King James Bible - 1 Timothy 1:20

    Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

    World English Bible

    of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I delivered to Satan, that they might be taught not to blaspheme.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Timothy 1:20

    Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexander, whom I have delivered up to Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexander; whom I have delivered to Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ων
    3739 εστιν 2076 5748 υμεναιος 5211 και 2532 αλεξανδρος 223 ους 3739 παρεδωκα 3860 5656 τω 3588 σατανα 4567 ινα 2443 παιδευθωσιν 3811 5686 μη 3361 βλασφημειν 987 5721

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (20) -
    2Ti 2:17

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:20

    de los cuales fueron Himeneo y Alejandro, a quienes entregu a Satans, para que aprendan a no blasfemar.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 1:20

    Verse 20. Of whom is Hymeneus and
    Alexander] Who had the faith but thrust it away; who had a good conscience through believing, but made shipwreck of it. Hence we find that all this was not only possible, but did actually take place, though some have endeavoured to maintain the contrary; who, confounding eternity with a state of probation, have supposed that if a man once enter into the grace of God in this life, he must necessarily continue in it to all eternity. Thousands of texts and thousands of facts refute this doctrine.

    Delivered unto Satan] For the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit might be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. See what is noted on 1 Cor. v. 5; what this sort of punishment was no man now living knows. There is nothing of the kind referred to in the Jewish writings. It seems to have been something done by mere apostolical authority, under the direction of the Spirit of God.

    Hymeneus, it appears, denied the resurrection, see 2 Timothy ii. 17, 18; but whether this Alexander be the same with Alexander the coppersmith, 2 Tim. iv. 14, or the Alexander, Acts xix. 33, cannot be determined.

    Probably, he was the same with the coppersmith. Whether they were brought back to the acknowledgment of the truth does not appear. From what is said in the second epistle the case seems extremely doubtful. Let him who most assuredly standeth, take heed lest he fall.

    He that is self-confident is already half fallen. He who professes to believe that God will absolutely keep him from falling finally, and neglects watching unto prayer, is not in a safer state. He who lives by the moment, walks in the light, and maintains his communion with God, is in no danger of apostasy.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 20. Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander , etc.] The former of these is mentioned in ( 2 Timothy 2:17,18) and that part of faith he made shipwreck of, or erred in, was the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, whereby the faith of some nominal believers was overthrown; and this was attended with the putting away of a good conscience, he seemingly before had; for his profane and vain babblings increased to more ungodliness: the latter seems to be the same with Alexander the coppersmith, who did the apostle much evil, ( 2 Timothy 4:14) and it may be is the same with him who was at Ephesus when the apostle was, there, ( Acts 19:33,34) and where he might be now with Hymenaeus, with whom he might agree in his erroneous opinions, and therefore are particularly mentioned, Ephesus being the place where Timothy now was. It seems by their names that they were both Greeks; Alexander is a known name among the Greeks, since the times of Alexander the great, and even became common among the Jews; (see Gill on Acts 4:6), and Hymenaeus was a name among the Grecians, from Hymen, the Heathen god of marriage: one of this name is mentioned among those said to be raised from the dead by Aesculapius f16 ; there was also a bishop of Jerusalem of this name f17 . Whom I have delivered to Satan ; not by excommunication, which is the act of a church, and not of a single person; but by an apostolical power he had of delivering the bodies of men into the hands of Satan, by him to be tortured and afflicted, in order to bring them to a sense of their sins, and as a chastisement and correction for them, and a token of God's displeasure at them; (see Gill on 1 Corinthians 5:5). That they may learn not to blaspheme ; or that being chastised, corrected, or disciplined, they might not blaspheme, as they had before done; either by words, contradicting, reviling, and scoffing at the doctrine of the resurrection; or by their unbecoming lives and conversations, giving themselves great liberty in sinning, supposing there was no truth in that doctrine; whereby they not only blasphemed the Christian religion themselves, but caused it to be evil spoken of by others.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 18-20 - The
    ministry is a warfare against sin and Satan; carried on under the Lord Jesus, who is the Captain of our salvation. The good hopes other have had of us, should stir us up to duty. And let us be upright in ou conduct in all things. The design of the highest censures in the primitive church, was, to prevent further sin, and to reclaim the sinner. May all who are tempted to put away a good conscience, and to abuse the gospel, remember that this is the way to make shipwreck of faith also __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ων
    3739 εστιν 2076 5748 υμεναιος 5211 και 2532 αλεξανδρος 223 ους 3739 παρεδωκα 3860 5656 τω 3588 σατανα 4567 ινα 2443 παιδευθωσιν 3811 5686 μη 3361 βλασφημειν 987 5721

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    20. Hymenaeus and
    Alexander. Comp. 2 Tim. ii. 17; iv. 14.

    Have delivered unto Satan (paredwka tw Satana). See on 1 Corinthians v. 5.

    They may learn (paideuqwsi). Neither A.V. nor Rev. Gives the true force of the word, which is, may be taught by punishment or disciplined. See on Eph. vi. 4.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    1:20 {Hymenaeus} (humenaios). The same heretic reappears in #2Ti 2:17. He and Alexander are the chief "wreckers" of faith in Ephesus. {Alexander} (alexandros). Probably the same as the one in #2Ti 4:14, but not the Jew of that name in #Ac 19:33, unless he had become a Christian since qen. {I delivered unto Satan} (paredwka twi satanai). See this very idiom (paradounai twi satanai) in #1Co 5:5. It is a severe discipline of apostolic authority, apparently exclusion and more than mere abandonment (#1Th 2:18; 1Co 5:11; 2Co 2:11), though it is an obscure matter. {That they might be taught not to blaspheme} (hina paideuth"sin m blasfemein). Purpose clause with hina and first aorist passive subjunctive of paideuw. For this use of this common late verb, see #1Co 11:32; 2Co 6:9.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

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