SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:21 Constituyéndoles que celebrasen el día décimocuarto del mes de Adar, y el decimoquinto del mismo, cada año,
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 21. To stablish this among them , etc.] That it might be a settled thing, and annually observed in all future generations, what they had now done: that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly ; as the former had been observed by the Jews in the provinces, and both by those in Shushan, ( Esther 9:17-19) as festivals in commemoration of their great deliverance; hence the fourteenth of Adar is called the day of Mordecai, being established by him; “And they ordained all with a common decree in no case to let that day pass without solemnity, but to celebrate the thirtieth day of the twelfth month, which in the Syrian tongue is called Adar, the day before Mardocheus’ day.” (2 Maccabees 15:36) Ver. 22 . As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies , etc.] Having slain all those that rose up against them, and assaulted them: and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning unto a good day ; for in this month Adar, on the thirteenth day of it, they expected to have been all destroyed, which had occasioned great sorrow and mourning in them; but beyond their expectation, in the same month, and on the selfsame day of the month, they had deliverance and freedom from their enemies; which was matter of joy, and made this day a good day to them: that they should make them days of feasting and joy ; keep both the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month as festivals, eating and drinking, and making all tokens of joy and gladness, though not in the Bacchanalian way in which they now observe them; for they say f176 , a man is bound at the feast of Purim to exhilarate or inebriate himself until he does not know the difference between `cursed be Haman’ and `blessed be Mordecai:’ and of sending portions one to another ; and these now consist of eatables and drinkables; and according to the Jewish canons f177 , a man must send two gifts to his friend, at least; and they that multiply them are most commendable; and those are sent by men to men, and by women to women, and not on the contrary: and gifts to the poor ; alms money, as the Targum, to purchase food and drink with, nor may they use it to any other purpose; though some say they may do what they will with it f178 ; and a man must not give less than two gifts to the poor; these are called the monies of Purim f179 .
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 20-32 - The observance of the Jewish feasts, is a public declaration of the truth of the Old Testament Scriptures. And as the Old Testamen Scriptures are true, the Messiah expected by the Jews is come long ago and none but Jesus of Nazareth can be that Messiah. The festival wa appointed by authority, yet under the direction of the Spirit of God It was called the feast of Purim, from a Persian word, which signifie a lot. The name of this festival would remind them of the almight power of the God of Israel, who served his own purposes by the superstitions of the heathen. In reviewing our mercies, we shoul advert to former fears and distresses. When our mercies are personal we should not by forgetfulness lose the comfort of them, or withhol from the Lord the glory due to his name. May the Lord teach us to rejoice, with that holy joy which anticipates and prepares for the blessedness of heaven. Every instance of Divine goodness to ourselves is a new obligation laid on us to do good, to those especially who mos need our bounty. Above all, redemption by Christ binds us to be merciful, 2Co 8:9 __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew לקים 6965 עליהם 5921 להיות 1961 עשׂים 6213 את 853 יום 3117 ארבעה 702 עשׂר 6240 לחדשׁ 2320 אדר 143 ואת 853 יום 3117 חמשׁה 2568 עשׂר 6240 בו בכל 3605 שׁנה 8141 ושׁנה׃ 8141