SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:19 Por tanto los judíos aldeanos que habitan en las villas sin muro, hacen a los catorce del mes de Adar el día de alegría y de banquete, y buen día, y de enviar porciones cada uno a su vecino.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Esther 9:19 Verse 19. The Jews of the villages] They joined that to the preceding day, and made it a day of festivity, and of sending portions to each other; that is, the rich sent portions of the sacrifices slain on this occasion to the poor, that they also might be enabled to make the day a day of festivity; that as the sorrow was general, so also might the joy be.
It is worthy of remark that the ancient Itala or Ante- hieronymian version of this book omits the whole of these nineteen verses. Query, Were they originally in this book?
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 19. Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting , etc.] Jarchi observes that those in the villages, who are they that do not dwell in walled towns, observed the fourteenth, and they in towns surrounded with walls the fifteenth, as Shushan; and this circumvallation, he says, must be what was from the days of Joshua; according to the Jewish canons, every place that was walled from the days of Joshua the son of Nun, whether in the land of Israel or out of it, though not now walled they read (i.e. the book of Esther) on the fifteenth of Adar, and this is called a walled town; but a place which was not walled in the days of Joshua, though now walled, they read in the fourteenth, and this is called a city; but the city Shushan, though it was not walled in the days of Joshua, they read on the fifteenth, because in it was done a miracle and each of these was kept as a day of public rejoicing for their great deliverance and freedom from their enemies: and a good day : as the Jews usually call the several days of the passover, pentecost, and tabernacles: and of sending portions one to another : expressive of mutual joy, and congratulating one another upon the happiness they shared in; (see Revelation 11:10), and particularly this may respect sending gifts to the poor, who had not that to rejoice and make merry with others had; (see Nehemiah 8:10), though these seem to be distinct from them, ( Esther 9:22).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-19 - The enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them by the forme edict. If they had attempted nothing against the people of God, the would not themselves have suffered. The Jews, acting together strengthened one another. Let us learn to stand fast in one spirit, an with one mind, striving together against the enemies of our souls, wh endeavour to rob us of our faith, which is more precious than ou lives. The Jews, to the honour of their religion, showed contempt of wordly wealth, that they might make it appear they desired nothin except their own preservation. In every case the people of God shoul manifest humanity and disinterestedness, frequently refusing advantage which might lawfully be obtained. The Jews celebrated their festiva the day after they had finished their work. When we have received grea mercies from God, we ought to be speedy in making thankful returns to him.
Original Hebrew על 5921 כן 3651 היהודים 3064 הפרוזים 6521 הישׁבים 3427 בערי 5892 הפרזות 6519 עשׂים 6213 את 853 יום 3117 ארבעה 702 עשׂר 6240 לחדשׁ 2320 אדר 143 שׂמחה 8057 ומשׁתה 4960 ויום 3117 טוב 2896 ומשׁלוח 4916 מנות 4490 אישׁ 376 לרעהו׃ 7453