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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Romans 8:17


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    King James Bible - Romans 8:17

    And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

    World English Bible

    and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ; if indeed we suffer with him, that we may also be glorified with him.

    Douay-Rheims - Romans 8:17

    And if sons, heirs also; heirs indeed of God, and joint heirs with Christ: yet so, if we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if we suffer with him, that we may be glorified together.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ει
    1487 COND δε 1161 CONJ τεκνα 5043 N-NPN και 2532 CONJ κληρονομοι 2818 N-NPM κληρονομοι 2818 N-NPM μεν 3303 PRT θεου 2316 N-GSM συγκληρονομοι 4789 A-NPM δε 1161 CONJ χριστου 5547 N-GSM ειπερ 1512 COND συμπασχομεν 4841 5719 V-PAI-1P ινα 2443 CONJ και 2532 CONJ συνδοξασθωμεν 4888 5686 V-APS-1P

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (17) -
    :3,29,30; 5:9,10,17 Lu 12:32 Ac 26:18 Ga 3:29; 4:7 Eph 3:6 Tit 3:7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:17

    ¶ Y si hijos, tambin herederos; ciertamente de Dios, y coherederos con el Cristo; si empero padecemos juntamente con l , para que juntamente con l seamos glorificados.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Romans 8:17

    Verse 17. And if
    children, then heirs] For the legitimate children can alone inherit the estate. This is not an estate to which they succeed in consequence of the death of a former possessor; it is like the promised land, given by God himself, and divided among the children of the family.

    Heirs of God] It is neither an earthly portion nor a heavenly portion; but GOD himself, who is to be their portion. It is not heaven they are to inherit; it is GOD, who is infinitely greater and more glorious than heaven itself. With such powers has God created the soul of man, that nothing less than himself can be a sufficient and satisfactory portion for the mind of this most astonishing creature.

    Joint heirs with Christ] Partaking of the same eternal glory with the glorified human nature of Christ.

    If so be that we suffer with him] Observe, says Dr. Taylor, how prudently the apostle advances to the harsh affair of suffering. He does not mention it till he had raised up their thoughts to the highest object of joy and pleasure-the happiness and glory of a joint inheritance with the ever- blessed Son of God.

    We are heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ, if so be that we suffer with him. This, with the additional consideration that we suffer with Christ, or, as he himself suffered, would greatly qualify the transitory afflictions of this world, and dispose them to attend to the other arguments he had to offer.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 17. And if children, then heirs , etc..] Children, whether natural or adopted, are heirs to their parents, and according to the Roman laws, which some think the apostle here respects, whether male or female; but according to the Jewish laws f146 , females did not inherit only in case of want of male issue; for though Job's daughters inherited with his sons, this was a peculiar case; and the Jewish writers say f147 , it was ypwyw tbyj wtm , on account of their worth and beauty; yet adopted children among them, whether male or female, were equal to natural children in possessing the inheritance; however, the apostle includes both here, who are all one in Christ Jesus, and are all the children of God by faith in him, and so heirs of God : either efficiently, he makes them heirs; they are not so by nature, nor do they become such by the works of the law; but God his rich grace adopts them into his family, begets them again, and freely bestows the inheritance on them: or subjectively, they are heirs of himself; he not only makes them his heirs, but he himself is their inheritance and portion; they are heirs of all things which are his; they share in his love, grace, and mercy; and his wisdom, power, truth, and faithfulness, and indeed, every perfection of his are engaged on their side, and in their favour; all things are theirs who have God to be their God and Father; the Gospel and the ministers of it are theirs; the world and the things of it, life and death, things present and things to come; heaven and happiness, which go by the names of glory, riches of glory, kingdom, eternal life and salvation, are all represented as things to be inherited by the saints. The Jews speak of God's inheriting of man, as the highest pitch of greatness man can arrive unto; thus explaining and paraphrasing on the names of the places from which the Israelites journeyed, ( Numbers 21:18,19), say f148 , when a man makes himself as a wilderness, which is common to all, the law is given to him by gift, as it is said, and from the wilderness to Mattanah: and when it is given to him by gift, la wlhn , God inherits him, as it is said, and from Mattanah to Nahaliel; the gloss upon it is, the law becomes to him hljn wmk , as an inheritance; and when la wljn , God inherits him, he ascends to his greatness, i.e. to the highest pitch of it, as it is said, from Nahaliel to Bamot; for when a man is worthy of this, as one of their commentators on this place observes, he is called, the inheritance of God, according to ( Deuteronomy 32:9); but our apostle speaks not of the saints as God's inheritance, which to be sure they are, but of God as theirs; and not of their inheriting the law, but God himself, which is certainly the highest pitch of honour and greatness that men can possibly enjoy. It is added, and joint heirs with Christ : it is through him they are heirs of God and of glory; and with him will they partake of and enjoy the inheritance, which is secured to them by their being co-heirs with him: nor does this at all derogate from the honour of Christ, as heir of all things, since he is the firstborn among many brethren, and in this, as in all things, he has the preeminence.

    But before the saints enjoy the inheritance with Christ they must expect to suffer with him and for him; though in the issue they may be assured of this, that they shall be glorified together; their sufferings lie in the way to glory, and glory is and will be the end of their sufferings: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together :

    Christ and his people being one, he the head, and they the members, suffer together; when he suffered, they suffered with him and in him, as their head and representative; and they partake of the virtue and efficacy of his sufferings; and they also suffer afflictions, many of them at least of the same kind with Christ, only with these differences; his were penal evils, theirs not; his were attended with a vast sense of wrath and terror, theirs oftentimes with, joy and comfort; his were meritorious, not so theirs.

    Moreover, many of their sufferings are for the sake of Christ and his Gospel; on the other hand, by reason of that union which is between Christ and believers, he suffers with them, he reckons their afflictions his, and sympathizes with them; and the consideration of this greatly animates and encourages them in their sufferings, and especially when they observe that they shall be glorified together; not with his essential glory, nor with his mediatorial glory, but with that glory which his Father has given him for them. There is a glorification of the saints in Christ, and a glorification of them by Christ, and a glorification of them with Christ, which will consist in likeness to him, and in the everlasting vision and enjoyment of him.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 10-17 - If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. He dwells in the heart by faith. Grace in the soul is its new nature; the soul is alive to God and has begun its holy happiness which shall endure for ever. The righteousness of Christ imputed, secures the soul, the better part from death. From hence we see how much it is our duty to walk, no after the flesh, but after the Spirit. If any habitually live accordin to corrupt lustings, they will certainly perish in their sins, whateve they profess. And what can a worldly life present, worthy for a momen to be put against this noble prize of our high calling? Let us then, by the Spirit, endeavour more and more to mortify the flesh. Regeneratio by the Holy Spirit brings a new and Divine life to the soul, though in a feeble state. And the sons of God have the Spirit to work in them the disposition of children; they have not the spirit of bondage, which the Old Testament church was under, through the darkness of tha dispensation. The Spirit of adoption was not then plentifully poure out. Also it refers to that spirit of bondage, under which many saint were at their conversion. Many speak peace to themselves, to whom God does not speak peace. But those who are sanctified, have God's Spiri witnessing with their spirits, in and by his speaking peace to the soul. Though we may now seem to be losers for Christ, we shall not, we cannot, be losers by him in the end.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ει
    1487 COND δε 1161 CONJ τεκνα 5043 N-NPN και 2532 CONJ κληρονομοι 2818 N-NPM κληρονομοι 2818 N-NPM μεν 3303 PRT θεου 2316 N-GSM συγκληρονομοι 4789 A-NPM δε 1161 CONJ χριστου 5547 N-GSM ειπερ 1512 COND συμπασχομεν 4841 5719 V-PAI-1P ινα 2443 CONJ και 2532 CONJ συνδοξασθωμεν 4888 5686 V-APS-1P

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    17. Joint-heirs.
    Roman law made all children, including adopted ones, equal heritors. Jewish law gave a double portion to the eldest son. The Roman law was naturally in Paul's mind, and suits the context, where adoption is the basis of inheritance.

    If so be that (eiper). The conditional particle with the indicative mood assumes the fact. If so be, as is really the case.

    Suffer with Him. Mere suffering does not fulfill the condition. It is suffering with Christ. Compare with Him - all things, ver. 32.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    8:17 {Joint-heirs with Christ} (sunkleronomoi cristou). A late rare double compound, in Philo, an Ephesian inscription of the imperial period (Deissmann, _Light from the Ancient East_, p. 92), papyri of the Byzantine period. See #8:29 for this idea expanded. Paul is fond of compounds of sun, three in this verse (sunklronomoi, sunpasch"men, sundoxasth"men). The last (first aorist passive subjunctive of sundoxaz" with hina (purpose), late and rare, here only in N.T.


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