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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Joshua 9:1


    CHAPTERS: Joshua 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR   |   VIDEO: BIB - COMM


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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Joshua 9:1

    ως 5613 δ 1161 ' ηκουσαν 191 5656 οι 3588 βασιλεις 935 των 3588 αμορραιων οι 3588 εν 1722 1520 τω 3588 περαν 4008 του 3588 ιορδανου 2446 οι 3588 εν 1722 1520 τη 3588 ορεινη 3714 και 2532 οι 3588 εν 1722 1520 τη 3588 πεδινη και 2532 οι 3588 εν 1722 1520 παση 3956 τη 3588 παραλια της 3588 θαλασσης 2281 της 3588 μεγαλης 3173 και 2532 οι 3588 προς 4314 τω 3588 αντιλιβανω και 2532 οι 3588 χετταιοι και 2532 οι 3588 χαναναιοι και 2532 οι 3588 φερεζαιοι και 2532 οι 3588 ευαιοι και 2532 οι 3588 αμορραιοι και 2532 οι 3588 γεργεσαιοι και 2532 οι 3588 ιεβουσαιοι

    Douay Rheims Bible

    Now When these things were heard of, all the kings beyond the
    Jordan, that dwelt in the mountains and in the plains, in the places near the sea, and on the coasts of the great sea, they also that dwell by Libanus, the Hethite and the Amorrhite, the Chanaanite, the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite,

    King James Bible - Joshua 9:1

    And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this
    side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof;

    World English Bible

    It happened, when all the kings who were beyond the
    Jordan, in the hill country, and in the lowland, and on all the shore of the great sea in front of Lebanon, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard of it

    Early Church Father Links

    Npnf-111 vi.xiii Pg 28, Npnf-206 v.CVIII Pg 59, Npnf-210 iv.i.ii.xxix Pg 5

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Joshua 9:1

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 ii.ii.xii Pg 2
    Josh. ii.; Heb. xi. 31.

    Moreover, they gave her a sign to this effect, that she should hang forth from her house a scarlet thread. And thus they made it manifest that redemption should flow through the blood of the Lord to all them that believe and hope in God.54

    54 Others of the Fathers adopt the same allegorical interpretation, e.g., Justin Mar., Dial. c. Tryph., n. 111; Irenæus, Adv. Hær., iv. 20. [The whole matter of symbolism under the law must be more thoroughly studied if we would account for such strong language as is here applied to a poetical or rhetorical figure.]

    Ye see, beloved, that there was not only faith, but prophecy, in this woman.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xii Pg 2
    Josh. ii.; Heb. xi. 31.

    Moreover, they gave her a sign to this effect, that she should hang forth from her house a scarlet thread. And thus they made it manifest that redemption should flow through the blood of the Lord to all them that believe and hope in God.54

    54 Others of the Fathers adopt the same allegorical interpretation, e.g., Justin Mar., Dial. c. Tryph., n. 111; Irenæus, Adv. Hær., iv. 20. [The whole matter of symbolism under the law must be more thoroughly studied if we would account for such strong language as is here applied to a poetical or rhetorical figure.]

    Ye see, beloved, that there was not only faith, but prophecy, in this woman.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 12
    Josh. vi. 1–20.

    Which was so done; and when the space of the seventh day was finished, just as was predicted, down fell the walls of the city. Whence it is manifestly shown, that in the number of the seven days there intervened a sabbath-day. For seven days, whencesoever they may have commenced, must necessarily include within them a sabbath-day; on which day not only must the priests have worked, but the city must have been made a prey by the edge of the sword by all the people of Israel. Nor is it doubtful that they “wrought servile work,” when, in obedience to God’s precept, they drave the preys of war. For in the times of the Maccabees, too, they did bravely in fighting on the sabbaths, and routed their foreign foes, and recalled the law of their fathers to the primitive style of life by fighting on the sabbaths.1195

    1195


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxi Pg 2
    Or, “in the beginning, before all creatures.” [Justin’s reference to Josh. i. 13–15 deserves special consideration; for he supposes that the true Joshua (Jesus) was the substance, and the true “captain of salvation,” of whom this one was but a shadow (Heb. iv. 8, margin), type, and pledge. See cap. lxii.]

    [who was] a certain rational power [proceeding] from Himself, who is called by the Holy Spirit, now the Glory of the Lord, now the Son, again Wisdom, again an Angel, then God, and then Lord and Logos; and on another occasion He calls Himself Captain, when He appeared in human form to Joshua the son of Nave (Nun). For He can be called by all those names, since He ministers to the Father’s will, and since He was begotten of the Father by an act of will;2168

    2168 The act of will or volition is on the part of the Father.

    just as we see2169

    2169 Or, “Do we not see,” etc.

    happening among ourselves: for when we give out some word, we beget the word; yet not by abscission, so as to lessen the word2170

    2170 The word, λόγος translated “word,” means both the thinking power or reason which produces ideas and the expression of these ideas. And Justin passes here from the one meaning to the other. When we utter a thought, the utterance of it does not diminish the power of thought in us, though in one sense the thought has gone away from us.

    [which remains] in us, when we give it out: and just as we see also happening in the case of a fire, which is not lessened when it has kindled [another], but remains the same; and that which has been kindled by it likewise appears to exist by itself, not diminishing that from which it was kindled. The Word of Wisdom, who is Himself this God begotten of the Father of all things, and Word, and Wisdom, and Power, and the Glory of the Begetter, will bear evidence to me, when He speaks by Solomon the following: ‘If I shall declare to you what happens daily, I shall call to mind events from everlasting, and review them. The Lord made me the beginning of His ways for His works. From everlasting He established me in the beginning, before He had made the earth, and before He had made the deeps, before the springs of the waters had issued forth, before the mountains had been established. Before all the hills He begets me. God made the country, and the desert, and the highest inhabited places under the sky. When He made ready the heavens, I was along with Him, and when He set up His throne on the winds: when He made the high clouds strong, and the springs of the deep safe, when He made the foundations of the earth, I was with Him arranging. I was that in which He rejoiced; daily and at all times I delighted in His countenance, because He delighted in the finishing of the habitable world, and delighted in the sons of men. Now, therefore, O son, hear me. Blessed is the man who shall listen to me, and the mortal who shall keep my ways, watching2171

    2171 The mss. of Justin read “sleeping,” but this is regarded as the mistake of some careless transcriber.

    daily at my doors, observing the posts of my ingoings. For my outgoings are the outgoings of life, and [my] will has been prepared by the Lord. But they who sin against me, trespass against their own souls; and they who hate me love death.’2172

    2172


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 40
    Ps. cx. 1.

    Thus God and the Father are truly one and the same; He who was announced by the prophets, and handed down by the true Gospel; whom we Christians worship and love with the whole heart, as the Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things therein.


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xxxvi Pg 9
    Ps. cx. 1; Heb. i. 13.

    But who are His enemies? All the wicked, and those who set themselves to oppose the will of God.161

    161 Some read, “who oppose their own will to that of God.”


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xii Pg 23
    Ps. cx. 1; Matt. xxii. 43–45.

    And again, thus saith Isaiah, “The Lord said to Christ,1627

    1627 Cod. Sin. corrects “to Cyrus,” as LXX.

    my Lord, whose right hand I have holden,1628

    1628 Cod. Sin. has, “he has taken hold.”

    that the nations should yield obedience before Him; and I will break in pieces the strength of kings.”1629

    1629


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxix Pg 22
    Ps. cx. 1.

    But as for us, we still dwell upon the earth, and have not yet sat down upon His throne. For although the Spirit of the Saviour that is in Him “searcheth all things, even the deep things of God,”3228

    3228


    Anf-01 v.xiv.vi Pg 4
    Ps. cx. 1.

    And how, again, could such an one declare: “Before Abraham was, I am?”1199

    1199


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxvii Pg 9
    Ps. cx. 1.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lvi Pg 26
    Ps. cx. 1.

    as I have already quoted. And again, in other words: ‘Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever. A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of Thy kingdom: Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity: therefore God, even Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.’2137

    2137


    Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 2
    Ps. cx. 1.

    Here the [Scripture] represents to us the Father addressing the Son; He who gave Him the inheritance of the heathen, and subjected to Him all His enemies. Since, therefore, the Father is truly Lord, and the Son truly Lord, the Holy Spirit has fitly designated them by the title of Lord. And again, referring to the destruction of the Sodomites, the Scripture says, “Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah fire and brimstone from the Lord out of heaven.”3330

    3330


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xlv Pg 4
    Ps. cx. 1, etc.

    That which he says, “He shall send to Thee the rod of power out of Jerusalem,” is predictive of the mighty, word, which His apostles, going forth from Jerusalem, preached everywhere; and though death is decreed against those who teach or at all confess the name of Christ, we everywhere both embrace and teach it. And if you also read these words in a hostile spirit, ye can do no more, as I said before, than kill us; which indeed does no harm to us, but to you and all who unjustly hate us, and do not repent, brings eternal punishment by fire.


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xvii Pg 21
    Ps. cx. 1.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxiv Pg 52
    Isa. vi. 1; Ps. cx. 1.

    others beheld Him coming on the clouds as the Son of man;4293

    4293


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxiii Pg 3
    Or better, “His.” This quotation from Ps. cx. is put very differently from the previous quotation of the same Psalm in chap. xxxii. [Justin often quotes from memory. Kaye, cap. viii.]

    enemies. In the splendour of the saints before the morning star have I begotten Thee. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.’ Who does not admit, then, that Hezekiah is no priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek? And who does not know that he is not the redeemer of Jerusalem? And who does not know that he neither sent a rod of power into Jerusalem, nor ruled in the midst of his enemies; but that it was God who averted from him the enemies, after he mourned and was afflicted? But our Jesus, who has not yet come in glory, has sent into Jerusalem a rod of power, namely, the word of calling and repentance [meant] for all nations over which demons held sway, as David says, ‘The gods of the nations are demons.’ And His strong word has prevailed on many to forsake the demons whom they used to serve, and by means of it to believe in the Almighty God because the gods of the nations are demons.2278

    2278 This last clause is thought to be an interpolation.

    And we mentioned formerly that the statement, ‘In the splendour of the saints before the morning star have I begotten Thee from the womb,’ is made to Christ.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxii Pg 4
    Ps. cx.

    ‘The Lord said unto My Lord, Sit Thou at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of Thy strength out of Sion: rule Thou also in the midst of Thine enemies. With Thee shall be, in the day, the chief of Thy power, in the beauties of Thy saints. From the womb, before the morning star, have I begotten Thee. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. The Lord is at Thy right hand: He has crushed kings in the day of His wrath: He shall judge among the heathen, He shall fill [with] the dead bodies.2031

    2031 πληρώσει πτώματα; Lat. version, implebit ruinas. Thirlby suggested that an omission has taken place in the mss. by the transcriber’s fault.

    He shall drink of the brook in the way; therefore shall He lift up the head.’


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxiii Pg 0


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xli Pg 20
    Ps. cx. 1.

    Accordingly, after He had said this, and so suggested a comparison of the Scripture, a ray of light did seem to show them whom He would have them understand Him to be; for they say: “Art thou then the Son of God?”5112

    5112


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xvii Pg 22
    Ps. cx. 1.

    For in another passage the Spirit says to the Father concerning the Son: “Thou hast put all things under His feet.”5968

    5968


    Anf-03 v.v.xi Pg 21
    Ps. cx. 1.

    as being the workers of evil,—if in this way an end is compatible with evil, it must follow of necessity that a beginning is also compatible with it; and Matter will turn out to have a beginning, by virtue of its having also an end. For whatever things are set to the account of evil,6246

    6246 Male deputantur.

    have a compatibility with the condition of evil.


    Anf-03 v.viii.xxii Pg 13
    Ps. cx. 1.

    ), making Him more hurried than the Father, whilst every crowd in our popular assemblies is still with shouts consigning “the Christians to the lions?”7423

    7423 Compare The Apology, xl.; De Spect. xxvii.; De Exhort. Cast. xii.

    Who has yet beheld Jesus descending from heaven in like manner as the apostles saw Him ascend, according to the appointment of the two angels?7424

    7424


    Anf-03 v.ix.iv Pg 5
    Ps. cx. 1.

    “When, however, all things shall be subdued to Him, (with the exception of Him who did put all things under Him,) then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.”7801

    7801


    Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 16
    Ps. cx. 1.

    Likewise in the words of Isaiah: “Thus saith the Lord to the Lord7889

    7889 Tertullian reads Κυρίῳ instead of Κύρῳ, “Cyrus.”

    mine Anointed.”7890

    7890


    Anf-03 v.ix.xiii Pg 6
    Ps. cx. 1.

    And Isaiah says this: “Lord, who hath believed our report, and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?”7910

    7910


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 13
    Ps. cx. 1.

    He will come again on the clouds of heaven, just as He appeared when He ascended into heaven.8197

    8197


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.ix Pg 19
    Ps. cx. 1, 2; and viii. 6.

    It is necessary for me to lay claim to those Scriptures which the Jews endeavour to deprive us of, and to show that they sustain my view. Now they say that this Psalm5598

    5598


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.ix Pg 20
    Ps. cx.

    was a chant in honour of Hezekiah,5599

    5599 In Ezechiam cecinisse.

    because “he went up to the house of the Lord,”5600

    5600


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.ix Pg 23
    Tertullian, as usual, argues from the Septuagint, which in the latter clause of Ps. cx. 3 has ἐκ γαστρὸς πρὸ ἑωσφόρου ἐγέννησά σε; and so the Vulgate version has it. This Psalm has been variously applied by the Jews. Raschi (or Rabbi Sol. Jarchi) thinks it is most suitable to Abraham, and possibly to David, in which latter view D. Kimchi agrees with him.  Others find in Solomon the best application; but more frequently is Hezekiah thought to be the subject of the Psalm, as Tertullian observes. Justin Martyr (in Dial. cum Tryph.) also notices this application of the Psalm. But Tertullian in the next sentence appears to recognize the sounder opinion of the older Jews, who saw in this Ps. cx. a prediction of Messiah.  This opinion occurs in the Jerusalem Talmud, in the tract Berachoth, 5. Amongst the more recent Jews who also hold the sounder view, may be mentioned Rabbi Saadias Gaon, on Dan. vii. 13, and R. Moses Hadarsan [singularly enough quoted by Raschi in another part of his commentary (Gen. xxxv. 8)], with others who are mentioned by Wetstein, On the New Testament, Matt. xxii. 44. Modern Jews, such as Moses Mendelsohn, reject the Messianic sense; and they are followed by the commentators of the Rationalist school amongst ourselves and in Germany. J. Olshausen, after Hitzig, comes down in his interpretation of the Psalm as late as the Maccabees, and sees a suitable accomplishment of its words in the honours heaped upon Jonathan by Alexander son of Antiochus Epiphanes (see 1 Macc. x. 20). For the refutation of so inadequate a commentary, the reader is referred to Delitzch on Ps. cx. The variations of opinion, however, in this school, are as remarkable as the fluctuations of the Jewish writers. The latest work on the Psalms which has appeared amongst us (Psalms, chronologically arranged, by four Friends), after Ewald, places the accomplishment of Ps. cx. in what may be allowed to have been its occasionDavid’s victories over the neighboring heathen.

    are applicable to Hezekiah, and to the birth of Hezekiah. We on our side5602

    5602 Nos.

    have published Gospels (to the credibility of which we have to thank5603

    5603 Debemus.

    them5604

    5604 Istos: that is, the Jews (Rigalt.).

    for having given some confirmation, indeed, already in so great a subject5605

    5605 Utique jam in tanto opere.

    ); and these declare that the Lord was born at night, that so it might be “before the morning star,” as is evident both from the star especially, and from the testimony of the angel, who at night announced to the shepherds that Christ had at that moment been born,5606

    5606 Natum esse quum maxime.

    and again from the place of the birth, for it is towards night that persons arrive at the (eastern) “inn.” Perhaps, too, there was a mystic purpose in Christ’s being born at night, destined, as He was, to be the light of the truth amidst the dark shadows of ignorance. Nor, again, would God have said, “I have begotten Thee,” except to His true Son.  For although He says of all the people (Israel), “I have begotten5607

    5607 Generavi: Sept. ἐγέννησα.

    children,”5608

    5608


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ii Pg 16
    Bible:Heb.7.10 Bible:Heb.7.15 Bible:Heb.7.17">Gen. xiv. 18, Ps. cx. (cix. in. LXX.) 4; Heb. v. 10, vii. 1–3, 10, 15, 17.

    if, before the priesthood of the Levitical law, there were not levites who were wont to offer sacrifices to God?  For thus, after the above-mentioned patriarchs, was the Law given to Moses, at that (well-known) time after their exode from Egypt, after the interval and spaces of four hundred years.  In fact, it was after Abraham’s “four hundred and thirty years”1151

    1151


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.iii Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 7
    2 Sam. v. 7, where David is described as taking the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites.

    and fulfilling its own times, must have an end of legislation3838

    3838 The text fluctuates between “legis dationem” and “legis dationis.” We have followed the latter.

    when the new covenant was revealed. For God does all things by measure and in order; nothing is unmeasured with Him, because nothing is out of order. Well spake he, who said that the unmeasurable Father was Himself subjected to measure in the Son; for the Son is the measure of the Father, since He also comprehends Him. But that the administration of them (the Jews) was temporary, Esaias says: “And the daughter of Zion shall be left as a cottage in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”3839

    3839


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xii Pg 2
    Josh. ii.; Heb. xi. 31.

    Moreover, they gave her a sign to this effect, that she should hang forth from her house a scarlet thread. And thus they made it manifest that redemption should flow through the blood of the Lord to all them that believe and hope in God.54

    54 Others of the Fathers adopt the same allegorical interpretation, e.g., Justin Mar., Dial. c. Tryph., n. 111; Irenæus, Adv. Hær., iv. 20. [The whole matter of symbolism under the law must be more thoroughly studied if we would account for such strong language as is here applied to a poetical or rhetorical figure.]

    Ye see, beloved, that there was not only faith, but prophecy, in this woman.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 12
    Josh. vi. 1–20.

    Which was so done; and when the space of the seventh day was finished, just as was predicted, down fell the walls of the city. Whence it is manifestly shown, that in the number of the seven days there intervened a sabbath-day. For seven days, whencesoever they may have commenced, must necessarily include within them a sabbath-day; on which day not only must the priests have worked, but the city must have been made a prey by the edge of the sword by all the people of Israel. Nor is it doubtful that they “wrought servile work,” when, in obedience to God’s precept, they drave the preys of war. For in the times of the Maccabees, too, they did bravely in fighting on the sabbaths, and routed their foreign foes, and recalled the law of their fathers to the primitive style of life by fighting on the sabbaths.1195

    1195


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxi Pg 2
    Or, “in the beginning, before all creatures.” [Justin’s reference to Josh. i. 13–15 deserves special consideration; for he supposes that the true Joshua (Jesus) was the substance, and the true “captain of salvation,” of whom this one was but a shadow (Heb. iv. 8, margin), type, and pledge. See cap. lxii.]

    [who was] a certain rational power [proceeding] from Himself, who is called by the Holy Spirit, now the Glory of the Lord, now the Son, again Wisdom, again an Angel, then God, and then Lord and Logos; and on another occasion He calls Himself Captain, when He appeared in human form to Joshua the son of Nave (Nun). For He can be called by all those names, since He ministers to the Father’s will, and since He was begotten of the Father by an act of will;2168

    2168 The act of will or volition is on the part of the Father.

    just as we see2169

    2169 Or, “Do we not see,” etc.

    happening among ourselves: for when we give out some word, we beget the word; yet not by abscission, so as to lessen the word2170

    2170 The word, λόγος translated “word,” means both the thinking power or reason which produces ideas and the expression of these ideas. And Justin passes here from the one meaning to the other. When we utter a thought, the utterance of it does not diminish the power of thought in us, though in one sense the thought has gone away from us.

    [which remains] in us, when we give it out: and just as we see also happening in the case of a fire, which is not lessened when it has kindled [another], but remains the same; and that which has been kindled by it likewise appears to exist by itself, not diminishing that from which it was kindled. The Word of Wisdom, who is Himself this God begotten of the Father of all things, and Word, and Wisdom, and Power, and the Glory of the Begetter, will bear evidence to me, when He speaks by Solomon the following: ‘If I shall declare to you what happens daily, I shall call to mind events from everlasting, and review them. The Lord made me the beginning of His ways for His works. From everlasting He established me in the beginning, before He had made the earth, and before He had made the deeps, before the springs of the waters had issued forth, before the mountains had been established. Before all the hills He begets me. God made the country, and the desert, and the highest inhabited places under the sky. When He made ready the heavens, I was along with Him, and when He set up His throne on the winds: when He made the high clouds strong, and the springs of the deep safe, when He made the foundations of the earth, I was with Him arranging. I was that in which He rejoiced; daily and at all times I delighted in His countenance, because He delighted in the finishing of the habitable world, and delighted in the sons of men. Now, therefore, O son, hear me. Blessed is the man who shall listen to me, and the mortal who shall keep my ways, watching2171

    2171 The mss. of Justin read “sleeping,” but this is regarded as the mistake of some careless transcriber.

    daily at my doors, observing the posts of my ingoings. For my outgoings are the outgoings of life, and [my] will has been prepared by the Lord. But they who sin against me, trespass against their own souls; and they who hate me love death.’2172

    2172


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxix Pg 3
    Deut. xxxii. 16–23.

    And after that Righteous One was put to death, we flourished as another people, and shot forth as new and prosperous corn; as the prophets said, ‘And many nations shall betake themselves to the Lord in that day for a people: and they shall dwell in the midst of all the earth.’2402

    2402


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lx Pg 6
    Deut. xxxii. 22.

    It is not, then, that we hold the same opinions as others, but that all speak in imitation of ours. Among us these things can be heard and learned from persons who do not even know the forms of the letters, who are uneducated and barbarous in speech, though wise and believing in mind; some, indeed, even maimed and deprived of eyesight; so that you may understand that these things are not the effect of human wisdom, but are uttered by the power of God.


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lix Pg 2
    Comp. Deut. xxxii. 22.



    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 194.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxix Pg 3
    Deut. xxxii. 16–23.

    And after that Righteous One was put to death, we flourished as another people, and shot forth as new and prosperous corn; as the prophets said, ‘And many nations shall betake themselves to the Lord in that day for a people: and they shall dwell in the midst of all the earth.’2402

    2402


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lx Pg 6
    Deut. xxxii. 22.

    It is not, then, that we hold the same opinions as others, but that all speak in imitation of ours. Among us these things can be heard and learned from persons who do not even know the forms of the letters, who are uneducated and barbarous in speech, though wise and believing in mind; some, indeed, even maimed and deprived of eyesight; so that you may understand that these things are not the effect of human wisdom, but are uttered by the power of God.


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lix Pg 2
    Comp. Deut. xxxii. 22.



    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 194.1


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xiv Pg 3
    Ps. xxxvii. 35–37. “Remnant” probably refers either to the memory or posterity of the righteous.


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.v Pg 25.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.i Pg 19


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.i Pg 19


    Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 13
    Ps. iii. 1.

    But almost all the Psalms which prophesy of7886

    7886 Sustinent.

    the person of Christ, represent the Son as conversing with the Father—that is, represent Christ (as speaking) to God. Observe also the Spirit speaking of the Father and the Son, in the character of7887

    7887 Ex.

    a third Person: “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Thou on my right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool.”7888

    7888


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 5
    Deut. xxxi. 16–18.

    ‘This people [shall go a whoring after other gods], and shall forsake Me, and shall break my covenant which I made with them in that day; and I will forsake them, and will turn away My face from them; and they shall be devoured,2228

    2228 Literally, “for food.”

    and many evils and afflictions shall find them out; and they shall say in that day, Because the Lord my God is not amongst us, these misfortunes have found us out. And I shall certainly turn away My face from them in that day, on account of all the evils which they have committed, in that they have turned to other gods.’2229

    2229 The first conference seems to have ended hereabout. [It occupied two days. But the student must consult the learned note of Kaye (Justin Martyr, p. 20. Rivingtons, London. 1853).]



    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxix Pg 3
    Deut. xxxii. 16–23.

    And after that Righteous One was put to death, we flourished as another people, and shot forth as new and prosperous corn; as the prophets said, ‘And many nations shall betake themselves to the Lord in that day for a people: and they shall dwell in the midst of all the earth.’2402

    2402


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lx Pg 6
    Deut. xxxii. 22.

    It is not, then, that we hold the same opinions as others, but that all speak in imitation of ours. Among us these things can be heard and learned from persons who do not even know the forms of the letters, who are uneducated and barbarous in speech, though wise and believing in mind; some, indeed, even maimed and deprived of eyesight; so that you may understand that these things are not the effect of human wisdom, but are uttered by the power of God.


    Anf-01 viii.ii.lix Pg 2
    Comp. Deut. xxxii. 22.



    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 194.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xx Pg 6
    Josh. iii. 9–17.

    when his priests began to pass over!4220

    4220 This obscure passage is thus read by Oehler, from whom we have translated: “Lege extorri familiæ dirimendæ in transitu ejus Jordanis machæram fuisse, cujus impetum atque decursum plane et Jesus docuerat prophetis transmeantibus stare.” The machæram (“sword”) is a metaphor for the river. Rigaltius refers to Virgil’s figure, Æneid, viii. 62, 64, for a justification of the simile. Oehler has altered the reading from the “ex sortefamilæ,” etc., of the mss. to “extorrifamiliæ,” etc. The former reading would mean probably: “Read out of the story of the nation how that Jordan was as a sword to hinder their passage across its stream.” The sorte (or, as yet another variation has it, “et sortes,” “the accounts”) meant the national record, as we have it in the beginning of the book of Joshua. But the passage is almost hopelessly obscure.

    What will you say to this? If it be your Christ that is meant above, he will not be more potent than the servants of the Creator.  But I should have been content with the examples I have adduced without addition,4221

    4221 Solis.

    if a prediction of His present passage on the sea had not preceded Christ’s coming. As psalm is, in fact, accomplished by this4222

    4222 Istius.

    crossing over the lake. “The Lord,” says the psalmist, “is upon many waters.”4223

    4223


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 9

    VERSE 	(1) - 

    Jos 10:2-5,23,28-39; 11:1-5,10,11; 12:7-24


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

    God Rules.NET