SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:1 Â¶ Y aconteció que cuando oyeron estas cosas todos los reyes que estaban a este lado del Jordán, así en las montañas como en los llanos; y en toda la costa del gran mar delante del Líbano, los heteos, amorreos, cananeos, ferezeos, heveos, y jebuseos;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 9:1 Verse 1. And it came to pass, when all the kings-heard thereof] From this account it appears that the capture and destruction of Jericho and Ai had been heard of to the remotest parts of the land, that a general fear of the Israelitish arms prevailed, and that the different dynasties or petty governments into which the land was divided, felt all their interests at stake, and determined to make the defense of their country a common cause. This was the most prudent step they could take in their circumstances, and therefore they entered into a confederation in order to arrest the progress of the Israelites. The Great Sea mentioned here is the Mediterranean Sea, the coasts of which were inhabited by the Phoenicians, Syrians, Sidonians, and Philistines. It is very likely that all these united with the Canaanites for their common safety.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. And it came to pass, when all the kings which [were] on this side Jordan , etc.] On the side Israel now were, and was that in which the land of Canaan lay, and was now governed by many kings, and all that were now remaining, even all but the kings of Jericho and Ai, who were slain: both those in the hills, and in the valleys ; that dwelt in the mountainous part of the country, and in the plains of it: and in all the coasts of the great sea, over against Lebanon ; who inhabited and governed in that part of the country which lay on the coast of the Mediterranean sea, the country of Phoenicia, in which were Tyre, Sidon, and other cities, and were over against Mount Lebanon, which was on the northern part of the country; according to the Latin version, they dwelt near Lebanon; and according to the Septuagint, near Antilibanus. It seems best, with Noldius f141 , to render the words, “even unto Lebanon”, for it designs all the sea coasts reaching to it; for all the maritime coasts did not lie over against it: the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard [thereof] ; what they heard is not said, but to be understood; particularly they heard what had been done by Joshua, and the people of Israel, to Jericho and Ai: and their kings, ( Joshua 9:3). Some think, as Abarbinel, that they had heard of the altar Joshua had made, and of the stones he had set up, and of his reading the law to the people, by which they were to be governed; all which they understood as taking possession of the country, and looking upon it as conquered, and obliging his people to swear fealty to him. All the nations of Canaan are mentioned but the Gergasites; which, according to the Jewish writers, are omitted, because they were but few; the Septuagint version has them in some copies.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1, 2 - Hitherto the Canaanites had defended themselves, but here they consul to attack Israel. Their minds were blinded, and their hearts hardene to their destruction. Though often at enmity with each other, yet the united against Israel. Oh that Israel would learn of Canaanites, to sacrifice private interests to the public welfare, and to lay aside all quarrels among themselves, that they may unite against the enemies of God's kingdom! (Jos 9:3-13)
Original Hebrew ויהי 1961 כשׁמע 8085 כל 3605 המלכים 4428 אשׁר 834 בעבר 5676 הירדן 3383 בהר 2022 ובשׁפלה 8219 ובכל 3605 חוף 2348 הים 3220 הגדול 1419 אל 413 מול 4136 הלבנון 3844 החתי 2850 והאמרי 567 הכנעני 3669 הפרזי 6522 החוי 2340 והיבוסי׃ 2983