SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:1 Â¶ Y toda la congregación de los hijos de Israel se juntó en Silo, y asentaron allí el Tabernáculo del Testimonio, después que la tierra les fue sujeta.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 18:1 Verse 1. Israel assembled together at Shiloh] This appears to have been a considerable town about fifteen miles from Jerusalem, in the tribe of Ephraim, and nearly in the center of the whole land. To this place both the camp of Israel, and the ark of the Lord, were removed from Gilgal, after a residence there of seven years. Here the tabernacle remained one hundred and thirty years, as is generally supposed, being the most conveniently situated for access to the different tribes, and for safety, the Israelites having possession of the land on all sides; for it is here added, the land was subdued before them-the Canaanites were so completely subdued, that there was no longer any general resistance to the Israelitish arms.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh , etc.] The whole body of the people, men, women, and children, as well as the camp, ( Joshua 18:9); at least all that had not received their inheritances in the land. Hither they came from Gilgal, where the camp and tabernacle had been ever since their passage over Jordan; but now the land being in the main subdued, that was too far off both for the camp and tabernacle, and therefore they moved further into the land, and nearer Jerusalem, where in time the tabernacle was to be placed. The place they assembled at, Shiloh, was in the tribe of Ephraim, of which tribe Joshua was, and whose lot and inheritance was now fixed, and it was not far from Jerusalem, about two leagues. Jerom says it was ten miles from, Neapolis or Shechem, in the country of Acrabatena; and that there were scarce any ruins of it to be seen in his day, only an altar demolished was shown f399 . It seems to have its name from the peaceable condition the land was now in, and very likely was now given it on that account: and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there ; no doubt by the appointment and direction of God, signified to Eleazar the high priest, either by a voice, or by Urim and Thummim; and the removal of it seemed necessary, partly that because several camps which surrounded it were now broken up and settled in their cities, as Reuben, Judah, and Ephraim; and partly that it might be near where Joshua, the governor of Israel, resided, Ephraim being his tribe; and also since Gilgal, on the borders of the land, was too far off for the people to resort to the tabernacle, and therefore it was, proper it should be more in the heart of the country: when this was done, cannot certainly be determined; Kimchi says it was fourteen years after the Israelites came into the land of Canaan; and so says their chronology; but it is highly probable it was before that time, and not longer than seven or eight years at most; here the tabernacle continued, according to the Jewish writers f401 , three hundred sixty nine years, even unto the times of Samuel, when for the sins of the sons of Eli it was removed.
Eupolemus f402 , an Heathen writer, speaks of the holy temple being fixed at Shiloh by Joshua: and the land was subdued before them : the far greater part of it, and all so as to have no disturbance from, or war with, the inhabitants.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1 - Shiloh was in the lot of Ephraim, the tribe to which Joshua belonged and it was proper that the tabernacle should be near the residence of the chief governor. The name of this city is the same as that by whic Jacob prophesied of the Messiah, Ge 49:10. It is supposed by some tha the city was thus called, when it was chosen for the resting-place of the ark, which typified our great Peace-maker, and the way by him to reconciled God.
Original Hebrew ויקהלו 6950 כל 3605 עדת 5712 בני 1121 ישׂראל 3478 שׁלה 7887 וישׁכינו 7931 שׁם 8033 את 853 אהל 168 מועד 4150 והארץ 776 נכבשׁה 3533 לפניהם׃ 6440