SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:18 Y no los hirieron los hijos de Israel, por cuanto los príncipes de la congregación les habían jurado por el SEÑOR el Dios de Israel. Y toda la congregación murmuraba contra los príncipes.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 9:18 Verse 18. All the congregation murmured] Merely because they were deprived of the spoils of the Gibeonites. They had now got under the full influence of a predatory spirit; God saw their proneness to this, and therefore, at particular times, totally interdicted the spoils of conquered cities, as in the case of Jericho.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 18. And the children of Israel smote them not , etc.] The inhabitants of the four cities, when they came to them, though they found it to be a true report that was brought them of their being neighbours, and that they were imposed upon by them: because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel ; by the Word of the Lord God of Israel, as the Targum, and therefore they restrained the people from smiting and plundering them; for it was not the oath of the princes the people so much regarded, or had such an influence on them as to abstain from seizing on them, but the princes, by reason of their oath, would not suffer them to touch them: and all the congregation murmured against the princes ; not only for taking such an oath, but chiefly because they restrained them from smiting the Gibeonites, and taking their substance for a prey; their eager desire of revenge, and of seizing their goods, and inhabiting their cities, raised a murmur in them against the princes. This is to be understood not of the whole body of the people at Gilgal, but of all that party that was sent to Gibeon, and of the princes that went with them.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 14-21 - The Israelites, having examined the provisions of the Gibeonites hastily concluded that they confirmed their account. We make more hast than good speed, when we stay not to take God with us, and do no consult him by the word and prayer. The fraud was soon found out. lying tongue is but for a moment. Had the oath been in itself unlawful it would not have been binding; for no obligation can render it ou duty to commit a sin. But it was not unlawful to spare the Canaanite who submitted, and left idolatry, desiring only that their lives migh be spared. A citizen of Zion swears to his own hurt, and changes not Ps 15:4. Joshua and the princes, when they found that they had bee deceived, did not apply to Eleazar the high priest to be freed from their engagement, much less did they pretend that no faith is to be kept with those to whom they had sworn. Let this convince us how we ought to keep our promises, and make good our bargains; and what conscience we ought to make of our words.
Original Hebrew ולא 3808 הכום 5221 בני 1121 ישׂראל 3478 כי 3588 נשׁבעו 7650 להם נשׂיאי 5387 העדה 5712 ביהוה 3068 אלהי 430 ישׂראל 3478 וילנו 3885 כל 3605 העדה 5712 על 5921 הנשׂיאים׃ 5387