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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Corinthians 11:27


    CHAPTERS: 1 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

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    King James Bible - 1 Corinthians 11:27

    Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

    World English Bible

    Therefore whoever eats this
    bread or drinks the Lord's cup in a way unworthy of the Lord will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Corinthians 11:27

    Therefore whosoever shall eat this
    bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Wherefore, whoever shall eat this
    bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ωστε
    5620 CONJ ος 3739 R-NSM αν 302 PRT εσθιη 2068 5725 V-PAS-3S τον 3588 T-ASM αρτον 740 N-ASM τουτον 5126 D-ASM η 2228 PRT πινη 4095 5725 V-PAS-3S το 3588 T-ASN ποτηριον 4221 N-ASN του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM αναξιως 371 ADV ενοχος 1777 A-NSM εσται 2071 5704 V-FXI-3S του 3588 T-GSN σωματος 4983 N-GSN και 2532 CONJ αιματος 129 N-GSN του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (27) -
    1Co 10:21 Le 10:1-3 Nu 9:10,13 2Ch 30:18-20 Mt 22:11

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 11:27

    De manera que, cualquiera que comiere este pan o bebiere esta copa del Seor indignamente, ser culpado del cuerpo y de la sangre del Seor.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Corinthians 11:27

    Verse 27. Whosoever shall eat-and drink-unworthily] To put a final end to controversies and perplexities relative to these
    words and the context, let the reader observe, that to eat and drink the bread and wine in the Lord's Supper unworthily, is to eat and drink as the Corinthians did, who ate it not in reference to Jesus Christ's sacrificial death; but rather in such a way as the Israelites did the passover, which they celebrated in remembrance of their deliverance from Egyptian bondage. Likewise, these mongrel Christians at Corinth used it as a kind of historical commemoration of the death of Christ; and did not, in the whole institution, discern the Lord's body and blood as a sacrificial offering for sin: and besides, in their celebration of it they acted in a way utterly unbecoming the gravity of a sacred ordinance. Those who acknowledge it as a sacrificial offering, and receive it in remembrance of God's love to them in sending his Son into the world, can neither bring damnation upon themselves by so doing, nor eat nor drink unworthily. See our translation of this verse vindicated at the end of the chapter. Shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. If he use it irreverently, if he deny that Christ suffered unjustly, (for of some such persons the apostle must be understood to speak,) then he in effect joins issue with the Jews in their condemnation and crucifixion of the Lord Jesus, and renders himself guilty of the death of our blessed Lord. Some, however, understand the passage thus: is guilty, i.e. eats and drinks unworthily, and brings on himself that punishment mentioned ver. 30.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 27. Wherefore , etc.] Since this is the plain institution of the Lords
    supper, the form and manner of administering of it; and since the bread and wine in it are representations of the body and blood of Christ, and the design of the whole is to remember Christ, and show forth his death; it follows, that whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord . The bread and cup are called the bread and cup of the Lord; because ate and drank in remembrance of him, being symbols of his body and of his blood, though not they themselves; these may be eaten and drank unworthily, when they are eaten and drank by unworthy persons, in an unworthy manner, and to unworthy ends and purposes. The Lords supper may be taken unworthily, when it is partook of by unworthy persons. This sense is confirmed by the Syriac version, which renders it hl aw alw , and is not fit for it, or is unworthy of it, and so the Ethiopic version; now such are all unregenerate persons, for they have no spiritual life in them, and therefore cannot eat and drink in a spiritual sense; they have no spiritual light, and therefore cannot discern the Lords body; they have no spiritual taste and relish, no spiritual hungerings and thirstings, nor any spiritual appetite, and can receive no spiritual nourishment, or have any spiritual communion with Christ: and so are all such persons, who, though they may profess to be penitent ones, and believers in Christ, and to have knowledge of him, and love to him; and yet they have not true repentance, neither do they bring forth fruits meet for it, and so as they are improper subjects of baptism, they are unworthy of the Lords table; nor have they faith in Christ, at least only an historical one, and so cannot by faith eat the flesh, and drink the blood of the Son of God, nor perform the ordinance in a way well pleasing to God; nor have they any spiritual knowledge of Christ, only what is speculative and notional, and so cannot discern the Lords body; nor any real love to him, and therefore very improper persons to feed on a feast of love; nor can they affectionately remember Christ, or do what they do from a principle of love to him, and therefore must be unworthy receivers: as likewise are all such professors, whose lives and conversations are not as become the Gospel of Christ; such crucify Christ afresh, and put him to open shame, and are therefore unfit to show forth his crucifixion and death; they bring a reproach on the Gospel and ordinances of Christ, and cause his name, and ways, and truths to be blasphemed, and grieve the members of the churches of Christ, and therefore ought not to be admitted to the table of the Lord: indeed, no man is in himself worthy of such an ordinance, none but those whom Christ has made so by the implantation of his grace, and the imputation of his righteousness; and whom he, though unworthy in themselves, invites and encourages to come to this ordinance, and to eat and drink abundantly. Moreover, this ordinance may be attended upon in an unworthy manner; as when it is partook of ignorantly, persons not knowing the nature, use, and design of it; or irreverently, as it was by many of the Corinthians, and it is to be feared by many others, who have not that reverence of the majesty of Christ, in whose presence they are, and who is both the author and subject of the ordinance; or without faith, and the exercise of it on Christ, the bread of life, and water of life; or unthankfully, when there is no grateful sense of the love of God in the gift of his Son, nor of the love of Christ, in giving himself an offering and sacrifice for sin; or when this feast is kept with the leaven of malice and wickedness, and with want of brotherly love, bearing an ill will to, or hatred of, any of the members of the church, To all which may be added, that this bread and cup are ate and drank unworthily, when they are partook of to unworthy ends and purposes; as to qualify for any secular employment, and to gain any worldly advantage; or to be seen of men, and to be thought to be devotional and religious persons; or to commemorate anything besides Christ; as the judaizing Corinthians did the paschal lamb; or to procure eternal life and happiness thereby, fancying that the participation of this ordinance gives a meetness for, and a right to glory: now such unworthy eaters and drinkers are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord; not in such sense as Judas, Pontius Pilate, and the people of the Jews were, who were concerned in the crucifixion of his body, and shedding of his blood, the guilt of which lies upon them, and they must answer for another day; nor in such sense as apostates from the faith, who, after they have received the knowledge of the truth, deny it, and Christ, the Saviour; and so crucify him afresh, and put him to open shame, count the blood of the covenant a common or unholy thing, and tread under foot the Son of God; at least, not every unworthy receiver of the Lords supper is guilty in this sense; though there might be some among the Corinthians, and is the reason of this awful expression, who looked upon the body and blood of Christ as common things, and made no more account of them than of the body and blood of the passover lamb; but in a lower sense, every unworthy communicant, or that eats and drinks unworthily, may be said to be guilty of the body and blood of Christ, inasmuch as he sins against, and treats in an injurious manner, an ordinance which is a symbol and representation of these things; for what reflects dishonour upon that, reflects dishonour on the body and blood of Christ, signified therein.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 23-34 - The
    apostle describes the sacred ordinance, of which he had the knowledge by revelation from Christ. As to the visible signs, these ar the bread and wine. What is eaten is called bread, though at the sam time it is said to be the body of the Lord, plainly showing that the apostle did not mean that the bread was changed into flesh. St. Matthe tells us, our Lord bid them all drink of the cup, ch. Mt 26:27, as is he would, by this expression, provide against any believer being deprived of the cup. The things signified by these outward signs, ar Christ's body and blood, his body broken, his blood shed, together with all the benefits which flow from his death and sacrifice. Our Saviour' actions were, taking the bread and cup, giving thanks, breaking the bread, and giving both the one and the other. The actions of the communicants were, to take the bread and eat, to take the cup an drink, and to do both in remembrance of Christ. But the outward act are not the whole, or the principal part, of what is to be done at thi holy ordinance. Those who partake of it, are to take him as their Lor and Life, yield themselves up to him, and live upon him. Here is a account of the ends of this ordinance. It is to be done in remembranc of Christ, to keep fresh in our minds his dying for us, as well as to remember Christ pleading for us, in virtue of his death, at God's righ hand. It is not merely in remembrance of Christ, of what he has don and suffered; but to celebrate his grace in our redemption. We declar his death to be our life, the spring of all our comforts and hopes. An we glory in such a declaration; we show forth his death, and plead it as our accepted sacrifice and ransom. The Lord's supper is not a ordinance to be observed merely for a time, but to be continued. The apostle lays before the Corinthians the danger of receiving it with a unsuitable temper of mind; or keeping up the covenant with sin an death, while professing to renew and confirm the covenant with God. N doubt such incur great guilt, and so render themselves liable to spiritual judgements. But fearful believers should not be discourage from attending at this holy ordinance. The Holy Spirit never cause this scripture to be written to deter serious Christians from their duty, though the devil has often made this use of it. The apostle wa addressing Christians, and warning them to beware of the tempora judgements with which God chastised his offending servants. And in the midst of judgement, God remembers mercy: he many times punishes thos whom he loves. It is better to bear trouble in this world, than to be miserable for ever. The apostle points our the duty of those who com to the Lord's table. Self-examination is necessary to right attendanc at this holy ordinance. If we would thoroughly search ourselves, to condemn and set right what we find wrong, we should stop Divin judgements. The apostle closes all with a caution against the irregularities of which the Corinthians were guilty at the Lord' table. Let all look to it, that they do not come together to God' worship, so as to provoke him, and bring down vengeance on themselves __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ωστε
    5620 CONJ ος 3739 R-NSM αν 302 PRT εσθιη 2068 5725 V-PAS-3S τον 3588 T-ASM αρτον 740 N-ASM τουτον 5126 D-ASM η 2228 PRT πινη 4095 5725 V-PAS-3S το 3588 T-ASN ποτηριον 4221 N-ASN του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM αναξιως 371 ADV ενοχος 1777 A-NSM εσται 2071 5704 V-FXI-3S του 3588 T-GSN σωματος 4983 N-GSN και 2532 CONJ αιματος 129 N-GSN του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    27.
    Unworthily (anaxiwv). Defined by "not discerning the Lord's body," ver. 29.

    Guilty (enocov). See on Mark iii. 29; Jas. ii. 10.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    11:27 {Unworthily} (anaxiws). Old adverb, only here in N.T., not genuine in verse #29. Paul defines his meaning in verse #29f. He does not say or imply that we ourselves must be "worthy" (axioi) to partake of the Lord's Supper. No one would ever partake on those terms. Many pious souls have abstained from observing the ordinance through false exegesis here. {Shall be guilty} (enocos estai). Shall be held guilty as in #Mt 5:21f. which see. Shall be guilty of a crime committed against the body and blood of the Lord by such sacrilege (cf. #Heb 6:6; 10:29).


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

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