SEV Biblia, Chapter 22:2 Cuando Ocozías comenzó a reinar era de cuarenta y dos años (otro texto: veintidós años ), y reinó un año en Jerusalén. El nombre de su madre fue Atalía, hija de Omri.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Chronicles 22:2 Verse 2. Forty and two years old was Ahaziah] See the note on 2 Kings viii. 26. Ahaziah might have been twenty-two years old, according to 2 Kings viii. 26, but he could not have been forty-two, as stated here, without being two years older than his own father! See the note there. The Syriac and Arabic have twenty-two, and the Septuagint, in some copies, twenty. And it is very probable that the Hebrew text read so originally; for when numbers were expressed by single letters, it was easy to mistake m mem, FORTY, for k caph, TWENTY. And if this book was written by a scribe who used the ancient Hebrew letters, now called the Samaritan, the mistake was still more easy and probable, as the difference between [Samaritan] caph and [Samaritan] mem is very small, and can in many instances be discerned only by an accustomed eye.
The reading in 2 Kings viii. 26; is right, and any attempt to reconcile this in Chronicles with that is equally futile and absurd. Both readings cannot be true; is that therefore likely to be genuine that makes the son two years older than the father who begat him? Apage hae nugae!
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. Forty two and years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign , etc.] In ( 2 Kings 8:26), he is said to be but twenty two years old at his accession to the throne, which is undoubtedly most correct; for this makes him to be two years older than his father when he died, who was thirty two when he began to reign, and reigned eight years, ( 2 Chronicles 21:20), different ways are taken to solve this difficulty; some refer this to Jehoram, that he was forty two when Ahaziah began to reign, but he was but forty when he died; others to the age of Athaliah his mother, as if he was the son of one that was forty two, when he himself was but twenty two; but no instance is given of any such way of writing, nor any just reason for it; others make these forty two years reach to the twentieth of his son Joash, his age twenty two, his reign one, Athaliah six, and Joash thirteen; but the two principal solutions which seem most to satisfy learned men are, the one, that he was twenty two when he began to reign in his father’s lifetime, and forty two when he began to reign in his own right; but then he must reign twenty years with his father, whereas his father reigned but eight years: to make this clear they observe f79 , as Kimchi and Abarbinel, from whom this solution is taken, that he reigned eight years very happily when his son was twenty two, and taken on the throne with him, after which he reigned twenty more ingloriously, and died, when his son was forty two; this has been greedily received by many, but without any proof: the other is, that these forty two years are not the date of the age of Ahaziah, but of the reign of the family of Omri king of Israel; so the Jewish chronology f80 ; but how impertinent must the use of such a date be in the account of the reign of a king of Judah? all that can be said is, his mother was of that family, which is a trifling reason for such an unusual method of reckoning: it seems best to acknowledge a mistake of the copier, which might easily be made through a similarity of the numeral letters, bm , forty two, for bk , twenty two f81 ; and the rather since some copies of the Septuagint, and the Syriac and Arabic versions, read twenty two, as in Kings; particularly the Syriac version, used in the church of Antioch from the most early times; a copy of which Bishop Usher obtained at a very great price, and in which the number is twenty two, as he assures us; and that the difficulty here is owing to the carelessness of the transcribers is owned by Glassius f82 , a warm advocate for the integrity of the Hebrew text, and so by Vitringa f83 : and indeed it is more to the honour of the sacred Scriptures to acknowledge here and there a mistake in the copiers, especially in the historical books, where there is sometimes a strange difference of names and numbers, than to give in to wild and distorted interpretations of them, in order to reconcile them, where there is no danger with respect to any article of faith or manners; and, as a learned man has observed of the New Testament, “it is an invincible reason for the Scripture’s part, that other escapes should be so purposely and infinitely let pass, and yet no saving and substantial part at all scarce moved out of its place; to say the truth, these varieties of readings, in a few by-places, do the same office to the main Scriptures, as the variation of the compass to the whole magnet of the earth, the mariner knows so much the better for these how to steer his course;” and, with respect to some various readings in the Old Testament, Dr.
Owen observes, God has suffered this lesser variety to fall out, in or among the copies we have, for the quickening and exercising of our diligence in our search of his word: he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother’s name also [was] Athaliah, the daughter of Omri , (see 2 Kings 8:26).
Matthew Henry Commentary The reign of Ahaziah, Athaliah destroys the royal family.
--The counsel of the ungodly ruins many young persons when they ar setting out in the world. Ahaziah gave himself up to be led by evi men. Those who advise us to do wickedly, counsel us to our destruction while they pretend to be friends, they are our worst enemies. See an dread the mischief of bad company. If not the infection, yet let thy destruction be feared, Re 18:4. We have here, a wicked woma endeavouring to destroy the house of David, and a good woman preservin it. No word of God shall fall to the ground. The whole truth of the prophecies that the Messiah was to come from David, and thereby the salvation of the world, appeared to be now hung upon the brittle threa of the life of a single infant, to destroy whom was the interest of the reigning power. But God had purposed, and vain were the efforts of earth and hell __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew בן 1121 ארבעים 705 ושׁתים 8147 שׁנה 8141 אחזיהו 274 במלכו 4427 ושׁנה 8141 אחת 259 מלך 4427 בירושׁלם 3389 ושׁם 8034 אמו 517 עתליהו 6271 בת 1323 עמרי׃ 6018