SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:63 Y el Tirsata (o capitán ) les dijo que no comiesen de las ofrendas, hasta que hubiese sacerdote con Urim y Tumim.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ezra 2:63 Verse 63. The Tirshatha] This is generally supposed to be Nehemiah, or the person who was the commandant; see Neh. viii. 9; x. 1, for the word appears to be the name of an office. The Vulgate and Septuagint write it Atershatha, the Syriac and Arabic render it the princes of Judah.
Some suppose the word to be Persian, but nothing like it of the same import occurs in that language at present. If, as Castel supposed, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is unpressed by the authority of a governor, it may come from ters, FEAR, or tersh, ACID, the former from tarsidan, to FEAR or DREAD.
Should not eat of the most holy things] There was a high priest then, but no Urim and Thummim, these having been lost in the captivity.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 63. And the Tirshatha said unto them , etc.] By whom Jarchi understands Nehemiah, and observes, that their rabbins say he was so called, because the wise men allowed him to drink the wine of the Gentiles, he being cupbearer to the king; but Aben Ezra, with greater probability, takes it to be a name of honour and grandeur in the Chaldee language, as a prince or governor; and no doubt Zerubbabel is meant, the prince of the Jews, the same with Sheshbazzar, ( Ezra 1:8) according to Gussetius f21 , this office was the same with that of the king’s commissary in a province, delegated to carry his orders, make them known, and see them put in execution; and that this name Tirshatha is the same with Tithraustes in Aelian f22 ; but that seems to be not the title of an office, but the personal name of a man that was a chiliarch: that they should not eat of the most holy things ; as of the shewbread, and those parts of the sin offerings, and of the peace offerings and meat offerings, which belonged to the priests, which the governor forbid these to eat of, who were rejected from the priesthood: till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim ; as yet there was not any priest that had them; they were not to be found at the return from Babylon; the governor might hope they would be found, and a priest appear clothed with them, when it might be inquired of the Lord by them, whether such priests, before described, might eat of the holy things or not; but since the Jews acknowledge that these were one of the five things wanting in the second temple; it is all one, as the Talmudists express it, as if it had been said, until the dead rise, or the Messiah comes; and who is come, the true High Priest, and with whom are the true Urim and Thummim, lights and perfections to the highest degree, being full of grace and truth; of the Urim and Thummim, (See Gill on “ Exodus 28:30”).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 36-63 - Those who undervalue their relation to the Lord in times of reproach persecution, or distress, will have no benefit from it when it become honourable or profitable. Those who have no evidence that they are, by the new birth, spiritual priests unto God, through Jesus Christ, have no right to the comforts and privileges of Christians.
Original Hebrew ויאמר 559 התרשׁתא 8660 להם אשׁר 834 לא 3808 יאכלו 398 מקדשׁ 6944 הקדשׁים 6944 עד 5704 עמד 5975 כהן 3548 לאורים 224 ולתמים׃ 8550