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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - John 21:15


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    King James Bible - John 21:15

    So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

    World English Bible

    So when they had eaten their
    breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than these?" He said to him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I have affection for you." He said to him, "Feed my lambs."

    Douay-Rheims - John 21:15

    When therefore they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter: Simon son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him: Yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him:
    Feed my lambs.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him, Yes, Lord: thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him,
    Feed my lambs.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    οτε
    3753 ADV ουν 3767 CONJ ηριστησαν 709 5656 V-AAI-3P λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S τω 3588 T-DSM σιμωνι 4613 N-DSM πετρω 4074 N-DSM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM σιμων 4613 N-VSM ιωνα 2495 N-GSM αγαπας 25 5719 V-PAI-2S με 3165 P-1AS πλειον 4119 A-ASN-C τουτων 5130 D-GPM 5130 D-GPN λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM ναι 3483 PRT κυριε 2962 N-VSM συ 4771 P-2NS οιδας 1492 5758 V-RAI-2S οτι 3754 CONJ φιλω 5368 5719 V-PAI-1S σε 4571 P-2AS λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM βοσκε 1006 5720 V-PAM-2S τα 3588 T-APN αρνια 721 N-APN μου 3450 P-1GS

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (15) -
    :16,17; 1:42

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 21:15

    ¶ Y cuando hubieron comido, Jess dijo a Simn Pedro: Simn, hijo de Jons, ¿me amas ms que stos? Le dice: Sí Seor; t sabes que te amo. Le dice: Apacienta mis corderos.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - John 21:15

    Verse 15.
    Simon lovest thou me] Peter had thrice denied his Lord, and now Christ gives him an opportunity in some measure to repair his fault by a triple confession.

    More than these?] This was a kind of reproach to Peter: he had professed a more affectionate attachment to Christ than the rest; he had been more forward in making professions of friendship and love than any of the others; and no one (Judas excepted) had treated his Lord so basely.

    As he had before intimated that his attachment to his Master was more than that of the rest, our Lord now puts the question to him, Dost thou love me more than these? To which Peter made the most modest reply-Thou knowest I love thee, but no longer dwells on the strength of his love, nor compares himself with even the meanest of his brethren. He had before cast the very unkind reflection on his brethren, Though all be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended, Matt. xxvi. 33.

    But he had now learned, by dreadful experience, that he who trusteth his own heart is a fool; and that a man's sufficiency for good is of the Lord alone.

    The words, more than these, Bishop Pearce thinks refer to the provisions they were eating, or to their secular employments; for says he, "It does not seem probable that Jesus should put a question to Peter which he could not possibly answer; because he could only know his own degree of love for Jesus, not that of the other disciples." But it appears to me that our Lord refers to the profession made by Peter, which I have quoted above.

    It is remarkable that in these three questions our Lord uses the verb agapaw, which signifies to love affectionately, ardently, supremely, perfectly-see the note on Matt. xxi. 37; and that Peter always replies, using the verb filew, which signifies to love, to like, to regard, to feel friendship for another. As if our Lord had said, "Peter, dost thou love me ardently and supremely?" To which he answers, "Lord, I feel an affection for thee-I do esteem thee-but dare, at present, say no more." There is another remarkable change of terms in this place. In ver. 15, 17, our Lord uses the verb boskdw, to feed, and in ver. 16 he uses the word poimainw, which signifies to tend a flock, not only to feed, but to take care of, guide, govern, defend, &c., by which he seems to intimate that it is not sufficient merely to offer the bread of life to the congregation of the Lord, but he must take care that the sheep be properly collected, attended to, regulated, guided, &c.; and it appears that Peter perfectly comprehended our Lord's meaning, and saw that it was a direction given not only to him, and to the rest of the disciples, but to all their successors in the Christian ministry; for himself says, 1 John v. 2: Feed the flock of God (poimanate to poimnion tou qeou) which is among you, taking the oversight (episkopountev, acting as superintendents and guardians,) not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind.

    Every spiritual shepherd of Christ has a flock, composed of LAMBS-young converts, and SHEEP-experienced Christians, to feed, guide, regulate, and govern. To be properly qualified for this, his wisdom and holiness should always exceed those of his flock. Who is sufficient for these things? The man who lives in God, and God in him.

    To the answer of Christ, in ver. 16, the later Syriac adds, If thou lovest me and esteemest me, feed my sheep.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 15. So when they had dined , etc.] The Persic version adds, Jesus turned his face to Simon Peter ; he did not interrupt them whilst they were eating; but when they had comfortably refreshed themselves, he looked at Peter, and singled him out from the rest, and directed his discourse to him; and saith unto Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas ; not John, as the Vulgate Latin, and Nonnus, and some copies read; for this answers not to the Hebrew word Jochanan, but Jonah, the same name with the prophet. Some have observed, that Christ spoke to him particularly by his original name, and not by that which he himself had given him, with a view to his strong faith, as Cephas, or Peter; but it should be known that Christ calls him by this name of Simon bar Jonah, when he made the most ample profession of his faith in him, and was pronounced blessed by him, ( Matthew 16:16,17) lovest thou me more than these ? meaning, not than the fishes he had caught, nor the net and boat, or any worldly enjoyment, nor than he loved the disciples; but the question is, whether he loved Christ more than the rest of the disciples loved him: the reason of which was, because he had some time ago declared, though all the disciples were offended at Christ, and should deny him, he would not; and had just now thrown himself into the sea to come to him first, as if he loved him more than they did: which question is put, not out of ignorance, or as if Christ knew not whether he loved him or not, and what was the degree of his affection to him; but because the exercise of this grace, and the expressions of it, are very grateful to him; and that Peter also might have an opportunity of expressing it before others, who had so publicly denied him: he saith unto him, yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee : not in word and tongue, but in deed and in truth; in sincerity, and without dissimulation, fervently and superlatively; for the truth of which he appeals to Christ himself; for he was so conscious to himself of the reality of his love, and the sincerity of his affection, that he chooses to make Christ himself judge of it, rather than say any more of it himself; though he modestly declines saying that he loved him more than the rest of the disciples did, having had an experience of his vanity and self-confidence.

    He was sure he loved Christ heartily; but whether he loved him more than the rest did, he chose not to say: he saith unto him, feed my lambs ; the younger and more tender part of the flock, weak believers, Christs little children, newborn babes, the day of small things, which are not to be despised, the bruised reed that is not to be broken, and the smoking flax that is not to be quenched; but who are to be nourished, comforted, and strengthened, by feeding them with the milk of the Gospel, and by administering to them the ordinances and breasts of consolation. These Christ has an interest in, and therefore calls them my lambs, being given him by the Father, and purchased by his blood, and for whom he has a tender concern and affection; and nothing he looks upon as a firmer and clearer proof and evidence of love to him, than to feed these lambs of his, and take care of them.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 15-19 - Our Lord addressed Peter by his original name, as if he had forfeite that of Peter through his denying him. He now answered, Thou knowes that I love thee; but without professing to love Jesus more tha others. We must not be surprised to have our sincerity called int question, when we ourselves have done that which makes it doubtful Every remembrance of past sins, even pardoned sins, renews the sorro of a true penitent. Conscious of integrity, Peter solemnly appealed to Christ, as knowing all things, even the secrets of his heart. It is well when our falls and mistakes make us more humble and watchful. The sincerity of our love to God must be brought to the test; and it behoves us to inquire with earnest, preserving prayer to the heart-searching God, to examine and prove us, whether we are able to stand this test. No one can be qualified to feed the sheep and lambs of Christ, who does not love the good Shepherd more than any earthl advantage or object. It is the great concern of every good man whatever death he dies, to glorify God in it; for what is our chief en but this, to die to the Lord, at the word of the Lord?


    Greek Textus Receptus


    οτε
    3753 ADV ουν 3767 CONJ ηριστησαν 709 5656 V-AAI-3P λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S τω 3588 T-DSM σιμωνι 4613 N-DSM πετρω 4074 N-DSM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM σιμων 4613 N-VSM ιωνα 2495 N-GSM αγαπας 25 5719 V-PAI-2S με 3165 P-1AS πλειον 4119 A-ASN-C τουτων 5130 D-GPM 5130 D-GPN λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM ναι 3483 PRT κυριε 2962 N-VSM συ 4771 P-2NS οιδας 1492 5758 V-RAI-2S οτι 3754 CONJ φιλω 5368 5719 V-PAI-1S σε 4571 P-2AS λεγει 3004 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM βοσκε 1006 5720 V-PAM-2S τα 3588 T-APN αρνια 721 N-APN μου 3450 P-1GS

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    15.
    Simon, son of Jonas. Compare Christ's first address to Peter, i. 43. He never addresses him by the name of Peter, while that name is commonly used, either alone or with Simon, in the narrative of the Gospels, and in the Greek form Peter, not the Aramaic Cephas, which, on the other hand, is always employed by Paul. For Jonas read as Rev., John. Lovest (agapav). Jesus uses the more dignified, really the nobler, but, as it seems to Peter, in the ardor of his affection, the colder word for love. See on v. 20.

    More than these. More than these disciples love me. Compare xiii. 37; Matt. xxvi. 33. The question conveys a gentle rebuke for his former extravagant professions.

    I love (filw). Peter substitutes the warmer, more affectionate word, and omits all comparison with his fellow-disciples.

    Feed (boske). See on 1 Pet. v. 2.

    Lambs (arnia). Diminutive: little lambs. Godet remarks: "There is a remarkable resemblance between the present situation and that of the two scenes in the previous life of Peter with which it is related. He had been called to the ministry by Jesus after a miraculous draught of fishes; it is after a similar draught that the ministry is restored to him. He had lost his office by a denial beside a fire of coal; it is beside a fire of coal that he recovers it."



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