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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Judges 12:6


    CHAPTERS: Judges 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB - COMM

    HELPS: KJS - KJV - ASV - DBY - DOU - WBS - YLT - HEB - BBE - WEB - NAS - SEV - TSK - CRK - WES - MHC - GILL - JFB


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    King James Bible - Judges 12:6

    Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.

    World English Bible

    then they said to him, "Now say 'Shibboleth;'" and he said "Sibboleth;" for he couldn't manage to pronounce it right: then they laid hold of him, and killed him at the fords of the
    Jordan. At that time, forty-two thousand of Ephraim fell.

    Douay-Rheims - Judges 12:6

    They asked him: Say then, Scibboleth, which is interpreted, An
    ear of corn. But he answered, Sibboleth, not being able to express an ear of corn by the same letter. Then presently they took him and killed him in the very passage of the Jordan. And there fell at that time of Ephraim two and forty thousand.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Then said they to him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not
    frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan. And there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.

    Original Hebrew

    ויאמרו
    559 לו אמר 559 נא 4994 שׁבלת 7641 ויאמר 559 סבלת 5451 ולא 3808 יכין 3559 לדבר 1696 כן 3651 ויאחזו 270 אותו 853 וישׁחטוהו 7819 אל 413 מעברות 4569 הירדן 3383 ויפל 5307 בעת 6256 ההיא 1931 מאפרים 669 ארבעים 705 ושׁנים 8147 אלף׃ 505

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (6) -
    Mt 26:73 Mr 14:70

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:6

    Entonces le decían: Ahora pues, di, Shibolet. Y l decía, Sibolet; porque no podía pronunciarlo así. Entonces le echaban mano, y le degollaban junto a los vados del Jordn. Y murieron entonces de los de Efraín cuarenta y dos mil.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Judges 12:6

    Verse 6. Say now Shibboleth; and he said Sibboleth] The original differs only in the first letter s samech, instead of sheen; tlbs rmayw tlb an rma emar na Shibboleth, vaiyomer Sibboleth. The difference between s seen, without a
    point, which when pointed is pronounced sheen, and s samech, is supposed by many to be imperceptible. But there can be no doubt there was, to the ears of a Hebrew, a most sensible distinction.

    Most Europeans, and, indeed, most who have written grammars of the language, perceive scarcely any difference between the Arabic seen and saad; but as both those letters are radical not only in Arabic but in Hebrew, the difference of enunciation must be such as to be plainly perceivable by the ear; else it would be impossible to determine the root of a word into which either of these letters entered, except by guessing, unless by pronunciation the sounds were distinct. One to whom the Arabic is vernacular, hearing a native speak, discerns it in a moment; but the delicate enunciation of the characteristic difference between those letters seen and s samech, and seen and saad, is seldom caught by a European. Had there been no distinction between the seen and samech but what the Masoretic point gives now, then s samech would not have been used in the word tlbs sibboleth, but seen, thus tlb : but there must have been a very remarkable difference in the pronunciation of the Ephraimites, when instead of tlb shibboleth, an ear of corn, (see Job xxiv. 24,) they said tlbs sibboleth, which signifies a burden, Exod. vi. 6; and a heavy burden were they obliged to bear who could not pronounce this test letter. It is likely that the Ephraimites were, in reference to the pronunciation of sh, as different from the Gileadites as the people in some parts of the north of England are, in the pronunciation of the letter r, from all the other inhabitants of the land. The sound of th cannot be pronounced by the Persians in general; and yet it is a common sound among the Arabians. To this day multitudes of the German Jews cannot pronounce t th, but put ss in the stead of it: thus for tyb beith (a house) they say bess.

    Mr. Richardson, in his "Dissertation on the Languages, Literature, and Manners of the Eastern Nations," prefixed to his Persian and Arabic Dictionary, p. ii., 4to. edition, makes some observations on the different dialects which prevailed in Arabia Felix, the chief of which were the Hemyaret and Koreish; and to illustrate the point in hand, he produces the following story from the Mohammedan writers: "An envoy from one of the feudatory states, having been sent to the tobba, (the sovereign,) that prince, when he was introduced, pronounced the word T'heb, which in the Hemyaret implied, Be seated: unhappily it signified, in the native dialect of the ambassador, Precipitate thyself; and he, with a singular deference for the orders of his sovereign, threw himself instantly from the castle wall and perished." Though the Ephraimites had not a different dialect, they had, it appears, a different pronunciation, which confounded, to others, letters of the same organ, and thus produced, not only a different sound, but even an opposite meaning. This was a sufficient test to find out an Ephraimite; and he who spake not as he was commanded, at the fords of Jordan, spoke against his own life.

    For he could not frame to pronounce it right.] This is not a bad rendering of the original k rbdl yky alw velo yachin ledabber ken; "and they did not direct to speak it thus." But instead of yky yachin, to direct, thirteen of Kennicott's and Deuteronomy Rossi's MSS., with two ancient editions, read yby yabin; "they did not understand to speak it thus." The versions take great latitude in this verse. The Vulgate makes a paraphrase: Dic ergo Shibboleth, quod interpretatur spica: qui respondebat Sibboleth; eadem litera spicam exprimere non valens. "Say therefore, Shibboleth; which interpreted is an ear of corn: but he answered, Sibboleth; not being able to express an ear of corn by that letter." In my very ancient copy of the Vulgate, probably the editio princeps, there is sebboleth in the first instance as the test word, and thebboleth as the Ephraimite pronunciation.

    But cebboleth is the reading of the Complutensian Polyglot, and is supported by one of my own MSS., yet the former reading, thebboleth, is found in two of my MSS. The Chaldee has atlbw shubbaltha for the Gileaditish pronunciation, and atlbs subbaltha for that of Ephraim. The Syriac has shelba and sebla. The Arabic has the same word, with sheen and seen; and adds, "He said Sebla, for the Ephraimites could not pronounce the letter sheen." These notices, however trivial at first view, will not be thought unimportant by the Biblical critic.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-7 - The Ephraimites had the same quarrel with Jephthah as with Gideon Pride was at the bottom of the quarrel; only by that comes contention It is ill to fasten names of reproach upon persons or countries, as in common, especially upon those under outward disadvantages. It ofte occasions quarrels that prove of ill consequence, as it did here. N contentions are so bitter as those between brethren or rivals for honour. What need we have to watch and pray against evil tempers! Ma the Lord incline all his people to follow after things which make for peace!


    Original Hebrew

    ויאמרו 559 לו אמר 559 נא 4994 שׁבלת 7641 ויאמר 559 סבלת 5451 ולא 3808 יכין 3559 לדבר 1696 כן 3651 ויאחזו 270 אותו 853 וישׁחטוהו 7819 אל 413 מעברות 4569 הירדן 3383 ויפל 5307 בעת 6256 ההיא 1931 מאפרים 669 ארבעים 705 ושׁנים 8147 אלף׃ 505


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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