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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Mark 12:29


    CHAPTERS: Mark 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44

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    King James Bible - Mark 12:29

    And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:

    World English Bible

    Jesus answered, "The greatest is, 'Hear, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one:

    Douay-Rheims - Mark 12:29

    And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ο
    3588 T-NSM δε 1161 CONJ ιησους 2424 N-NSM απεκριθη 611 5662 V-ADI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM οτι 3754 CONJ πρωτη 4413 A-NSF πασων 3956 A-GPF των 3588 T-GPF εντολων 1785 N-GPF ακουε 191 5720 V-PAM-2S ισραηλ 2474 N-PRI κυριος 2962 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM θεος 2316 N-NSM ημων 2257 P-1GP κυριος 2962 N-NSM εις 1520 A-NSM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (29) -
    :32,33 De 6:4; 10:12; 30:6 Pr 23:26 Mt 10:37 Lu 10:27 1Ti 1:5

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:29

    Y Jess le respondi: El principal mandamiento de todos es : Oye Israel, el Seor nuestro Dios; el Seor uno es.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 29.
    Jesus answered him, the first of all the commandments is , etc..] Christ replied at once, without taking any time to consider of it, that the chief and principal of all the commands of the law, and what is of the greatest importance is, hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord . The Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions read, one God; but the Syriac, and Ethiopic render it, one Lord; and that rightly, agreeably to the Greek text, and to ( Deuteronomy 6:4), from whence this is taken. This passage of Scripture, to the end of the ninth verse, is the first of the sections which were put into their phylacteries; (see Gill on Matthew 23:5); and was repeated twice every day, morning and evening; which is by the Jews called from the first word [ m tayrq , the reading of the Shema: concerning the exact time of the reciting of this, morning and evening, and of the posture in which they do it, reclining in the evening, and standing in the morning, and of the prayers before and after it, various rules are given in their Misna f209 , or oral law; it is a precept of great esteem and veneration with them, and attended to with much solemnity. The account Maimonides gives of it is this: twice every day they read Keriath Shema; (i.e. hear, O Israel, etc..) in the evening and in morning, as it is said, ( Deuteronomy 6:7). When thou liest down, and when thou risest up; in the hour it is the custom of men to lie down, and this is night; and in the hour it is the custom of men to stand, and this is day: and what does he read? three sections; and they are these, hear, etc.. ( Deuteronomy 6:4), and it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken, etc.. ( Deuteronomy 11:13), and Moses said, etc.. ( Exodus 13:3), and they read the section, hear, O Israel, first, because there is in it the unity of God, and the love of him and his doctrine; for it is, lwdgh rq [ h , the great root, or foundation, on which all hangs or depends.

    And it is observable, that the last letter of the word hear, and the last of the word one, are both written in very large characters in the Hebrew Bible, to denote the greatness of the command, and to cause attention to it.

    The Jews seek for mysteries in these letters, and think the unusual size of them, points at some very great things: they observe, that the first of these letters is numerically seventy, and directs to the seventy names of the law, and the seventy ways in which it may be interpreted, and the seventy nations of the world, from whom the Israelites are distinguished, by their belief of the one God f211 ; and that the latter stands for the number four, and shows that the Lord is the one God, in heaven and in earth, in all the world, and in the four parts of it; and that both these letters put together, make a word, which signifies a witness; showing that this passage is a glorious testimony of the unity of God, and that the Israelites are witnesses of it, by believing and professing it; and that should they depart from the faith of it, God would be a witness against them: and now, though there is no solid foundation for such interpretations, yet this shows what an opinion they had of the greatness of this command; to which, may be added, they ask f212 , why does, hear, O Israel, etc.. go before that passage in ( Deuteronomy 11:13). And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments, etc.. but because a man must take upon him, first the yoke of the kingdom of heaven, and after that he must take upon him the yoke of the commandments.

    The sense is, that he must first make a confession of his faith in God, which is contained in ( Deuteronomy 6:4) and then he must obey his commands; so that they plainly considered this, as the first and greatest of all. These words are frequent in the mouths of the modern Jews, in proof of the unity of God, and against a plurality in the Deity; but the ancient ones, not only consider them as a good and sufficient proof, that there is but one God, but as expressive of a Trinity in the Godhead: with a view to this text they observe f213 , that Jehovah, our God, Jehovah; these are, ygrd tlt , three degrees (or persons) with respect to this sublime mystery, in the beginning, God, or Elohim, created, etc..

    And again f214 , there is an unity which is called Jehovah the first, our God, Jehovah; behold! they are all one, and therefore called one: lo! these three names are as one; and although we call them one, and they are one; but by the revelation of the Holy Ghost it is made known, and they are by the sight of the eye to be known, that these three are one, ((see 1 John 5:7),) and this is the mystery of the voice that is heard; the voice is one; and there are three things, fire, and wind, and water, and they are all one, in the mystery of the voice, and they are not but one: so here, Jehovah, our God, Jehovah, these, ynwwg atlt , three modes, forms, or things, are one.

    Once more they say, there are two, and one is joined to them, and they are three; and when they are three, they are one: these are the two names of hear, O Israel, which are Jehovah, Jehovah, and Elohenu, or our God, is joined unto them; and it is the seal of the ring of truth.

    To which I shall subjoin one passage more, where R. Eliezer is asking his father R. Simeon ben Jochai, why Jehovah is sometimes called Elohim, he replies f216 , among other things; come see, there are ygrdg , three degrees, (or persons,) and every degree is by itself; although they are all one, and bound together in one, and one is not separated from another.

    To believe this, is the first and chief commandment in the law, and is the principal article of the Christian faith; namely, to believe that there is one God, and that there are three persons, Father, Son, and Spirit, in the Godhead.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 28-34 - Those who sincerely desire to be taught their duty, Christ will guid in judgment, and teach his way. He tells the scribe that the grea commandment, which indeed includes all, is, that of loving God with all our hearts. Wherever this is the ruling principle in the soul, there is a disposition to every other duty. Loving God with all our heart, wil engage us to every thing by which he will be pleased. The sacrifice only represented the atonements for men's transgressions of the mora law; they were of no power except as they expressed repentance an faith in the promised Saviour, and as they led to moral obedience. An because we have not thus loved God and man, but the very reverse therefore we are condemned sinners; we need repentance, and we nee mercy. Christ approved what the scribe said, and encouraged him. He stood fair for further advance; for this knowledge of the law leads to conviction of sin, to repentance, to discovery of our need of mercy and understanding the way of justification by Christ.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ο
    3588 T-NSM δε 1161 CONJ ιησους 2424 N-NSM απεκριθη 611 5662 V-ADI-3S αυτω 846 P-DSM οτι 3754 CONJ πρωτη 4413 A-NSF πασων 3956 A-GPF των 3588 T-GPF εντολων 1785 N-GPF ακουε 191 5720 V-PAM-2S ισραηλ 2474 N-PRI κυριος 2962 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM θεος 2316 N-NSM ημων 2257 P-1GP κυριος 2962 N-NSM εις 1520 A-NSM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44

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