SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:28 Y Moisés hizo desnudar a Aarón de sus vestidos y los vistió a Eleazar su hijo; y Aarón murió allí en la cumbre del monte; y Moisés y Eleazar descendieron del monte.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Numbers 20:28 Verse 28. And Aaron died there] Hence, as Dr. Lightfoot has justly observed, we have an "indisputable proof that the earthly Canaan was not the utmost felicity at which God's promises to the Israelites aimed since the best men among them were excluded from it." THE remark of some of the fathers here is worthy of attention: "Neither Moses the representative of the law, nor Miriam the representative of the prophets, nor Aaron the representative of the priesthood and its sacrificial rites, could bring the Israelites into possession of the promised land. This was reserved for Joshua, who was in name and conduct the lively type of our Lord and saviour Jesus Christ." He alone can bring those who believe in his name into that rest which remains for the people of God.
There are some observations made by Dr. Lightfoot on this and some of the preceding chapters which should be more generally known.
"The place where the people murmured upon the return of the spies was Kadesh-Barnea, chap. xiii. 26; xxxii. 8; Deuteronomy i. 19. This place was called Rithmah before, (chap. xxxiii. 18, compared with chap. xii. 16, and chap. xiii. 26,) and was so called probably from the juniper trees that grew there; but is now named Kadesh, because the Lord was there sanctified upon the people, as ver. 13; and Barnea, or the wandering son, because here was the decree made of their long wandering in the wilderness. They continued a good space at Kadesh before they removed; for so said Moses, Ye abode in Kadesh many days; or as the Hebrew, According to the days that ye had made abode, namely, at Sinai, ver. 6. And so they spent one whole year there, for so they had done at Sinai. And whereas God commands them at their murmuring to turn back to the Red Sea, (Deut. i. 40,) his meaning was, that at their next march, whensoever it was, they should not go forward unto Canaan, but back again towards the Red Sea, whence they came; (but see on Deut. i. 1.) And they did so, for they wandered by many stations and marches from Kadesh- Barnea till they came to Kadesh-Barnea again, seven or eight and thirty years after they had first left it. These marches, mentioned in chap. xxxiii., were these: From Kadesh or Rithmah to Rimmon Parez, to Libnah, to Rissah, to Kehelathah, to Mount Shapher, to Haradah, to Makheloth, to Tahath, to Tarah, to Mithcah, to Hashmonah, to Moseroth, to Benejaaken, to Horhagidgad, to Jotbathah, to Ebronah, to Ezion-Gaber, to Kadesh again, in the fortieth year. And though it was only eleven days' journey from Horeb, by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-Barnea, (Deut. i. 2,) they made it above thrice eleven years' journey!" Had they trusted in God, and obeyed him, their enemies long ere this would have been discomfited, and themselves quietly established in possession of the promised inheritance. But they grieved the Spirit of God, and did not believe his promise; and it would have been inconsistent with the whole economy of grace to have introduced unbelievers into that rest which was a type of the kingdom of God.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 28. And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments , etc.] His priestly garments, which, very probably, were put on at the foot of the mountain, on purpose for the transaction of this affair, since they were not in common worn, but only when in service; the same hands that clothed Aaron with them at first, stripped him of them, and both were done at the command of God; as the stripping of those garments was a divesting Aaron of his office, so it was a figure of the disannulling of his priesthood, when the Messiah should come, a priest after another order: and put them upon Eleazar his son ; which was an investing him with the office of high priest in his father’s room; and which, as it must give Aaron pleasure and satisfaction to see his son put into his office before he died, so it signified the continuance of it in succession in his posterity, and was a confirmation of it; and it must be pleasing to Moses and the people of Israel to observe the care and faithfulness of God in providing for the succession of the priesthood: and Aaron died there in the top of the mount ; quietly, comfortably, and contentedly, without the least murmuring or repining: this was on the first day of the fifth month, as appears from ( Numbers 33:38), that is, of the month Ab, as the Targum of Jonathan here says; and in this the Jewish writers agree in general, which month answers to part of July and part of August; and in this same place where he died he was buried, as is evident from ( Deuteronomy 10:6), wherefore no credit is to be given to the Arabs, who show a stone not far from Mount Sinai, about two feet high from the ground, on which are seen some unknown characters, which, they say, were engraven by Jeremiah the prophet, in honour of Moses and Aaron, who were buried there f296 : and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount ; after Aaron was dead and buried.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 22-29 - God bids Aaron prepare to die. There is something of displeasure i these orders. Aaron must not enter Canaan, because he had failed in his duty at the waters of strife. There is much of mercy in them. Aaron though he dies for his transgression, dies with ease, and in honour. He is gathered to his people, as one who dies in the arms of Divine grace There is much significancy in these orders. Aaron must not ente Canaan, to show that the Levitical priesthood could make nothin perfect; that must be done by bringing in a better hope. Aaron submits and dies in the method and manner appointed; and, for aught tha appears, with as much cheerfulness as if he had been going to bed. It was a great satisfaction to Aaron to see his son, who was dear to him preferred; and his office preserved and secured: especially, to see in this a figure of Christ's everlasting priesthood. A good man woul desire, if it were the will of God, not to outlive his usefulness. Wh should we covet to continue any longer in this world, than while we ma do some service in it for God and our generation __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויפשׁט 6584 משׁה 4872 את 853 אהרן 175 את 853 בגדיו 899 וילבשׁ 3847 אתם 854 את 853 אלעזר 499 בנו 1121 וימת 4191 אהרן 175 שׁם 8033 בראשׁ 7218 ההר 2022 וירד 3381 משׁה 4872 ואלעזר 499 מן 4480 ההר׃ 2022