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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Ezekiel 11:3


    CHAPTERS: Ezekiel 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB - COMM


    ENGLISH - HISTORY - INTERNATIONAL - FACEBOOK - GR FORUMS - GODRULES ON YOUTUBE

    HELPS: KJS - KJV - ASV - DBY - DOU - WBS - YLT - HEB - BBE - WEB - NAS - SEV - TSK - CRK - WES - MHC - GILL - JFB

    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Ezekiel 11:3

    οι 3588 λεγοντες 3004 5723 ουχι 3780 προσφατως 4373 ωκοδομηνται αι 3588 3739 οικιαι αυτη 846 3778 εστιν 2076 5748 ο 3588 3739 λεβης ημεις 2249 δε 1161 τα 3588 κρεα 2907

    Douay Rheims Bible

    Saying: Were not houses lately built? This city is the caldron, and we the flesh.

    King James Bible - Ezekiel 11:3

    Which say, It is not near; let us build houses: this city is the caldron, and we be the flesh.

    World English Bible

    who say, [The
    time] is not near to build houses: this [city] is the caldron, and we are the flesh.

    Early Church Father Links

    Npnf-110 iii.vi Pg 37

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Ezekiel 11:3

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxxiii Pg 2
    Isa. iii. 9–15.

    Again, in other words, the same prophet spake to the same effect: ‘Woe unto them that draw their iniquity as with a long cord, and their transgressions as with the harness of an heifer’s yoke: who say, Let His speed come near, and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel come, that we may know it. Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil! that put light for darkness, and darkness for light! that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! Woe unto those that are mighty among you, who drink wine, who are men of strength, who mingle strong drink! who justify the wicked for a reward, and take away justice from the righteous! Therefore, as the stubble shall be burnt by the coal of fire, and utterly consumed by the burning flame, their root shall be as wool, and their flower shall go up like dust. For they would not have the law of the Lord of Sabaoth, but despised2467

    2467 Literally, “provoked.”

    the word of the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. And the Lord of Sabaoth was very angry, and laid His hands upon them, and smote them; and He was provoked against the mountains, and their carcases were in the midst like dung on the road. And for all this they have not repented,2468

    2468 Literally, “turned away.”

    but their hand is still high.’2469

    2469


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 19
    Isa. iii. 14, 15.

    And again:  “Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees; for in their decrees they decree wickedness, turning aside the needy from judgment, and taking away their rights from the poor of my people.”3951

    3951


    Anf-01 ix.ii.xxx Pg 9
    Ex. xx. 5; Isa. xlv. 5, 6.

    Such are the falsehoods which these people invent.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 37.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xii.xi Pg 25


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.2


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.x Pg 28.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xxii Pg 6.1


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xxxv Pg 5
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    And indeed David, the king and prophet, who uttered these things, suffered none of them; but Jesus Christ stretched forth His hands, being crucified by the Jews speaking against Him, and denying that He was the Christ. And as the prophet spoke, they tormented Him, and set Him on the judgment-seat, and said, Judge us. And the expression, “They pierced my hands and my feet,” was used in reference to the nails of the cross which were fixed in His hands and feet. And after He was crucified they cast lots upon His vesture, and they that crucified Him parted it among them. And that these things did happen, you can ascertain from the Acts of Pontius Pilate.1838

    1838 ἄκτων. These Acts of Pontius Pilate, or regular accounts of his procedure sent by Pilate to the Emperor Tiberius, are supposed to have been destroyed at an early period, possibly in consequence of the unanswerable appeals which the Christians constantly made to them. There exists a forgery in imitation of these Acts. See Trollope.

    <index subject1="Christ Jesus" subject2="testimony of Scripture regarding Him: of Zechariah" title="175" id="viii.ii.xxxv-p6.2"/>And we will cite the prophetic utterances of another prophet, Zephaniah,1839

    1839 The reader will notice that these are not the words of Zephaniah, but of Zechariah (ix. 9), to whom also Justin himself refers them in the Dial. Tryph., c. 53. [Might be corrected in the text, therefore, as a clerical slip of the pen.]

    to the effect that He was foretold expressly as to sit upon the foal of an ass and to enter Jerusalem. The words are these: “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.”1840

    1840


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xcvii Pg 5
    That is, Ps. xxii. 16–18.

    Psalm thus refers to the suffering and to the cross in a parable of mystery: ‘They pierced my hands and my feet; they counted all my bones. They considered and gazed on me; they parted my garments among themselves, and cast lots upon my vesture.’ For when they crucified Him, driving in the nails, they pierced His hands and feet; and those who crucified Him parted His garments among themselves, each casting lots for what he chose to have, and receiving according to the decision of the lot. And this very Psalm you maintain does not refer to Christ; for you are in all respects blind, and do not understand that no one in your nation who has been called King or Christ has ever had his hands or feet pierced while alive, or has died in this mysterious fashion—to wit, by the cross—save this Jesus alone.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.viii Pg 55
    See Ps. xxii. 16 (xxi. 17 in LXX.)

    And the suffering of this “extermination” was perfected within the times of the lxx hebdomads, under Tiberius Cæsar, in the consulate of Rubellius Geminus and Fufius Geminus, in the month of March, at the times of the passover, on the eighth day before the calends of April,1245

    1245 i.e., March 25.

    on the first day of unleavened bread, on which they slew the lamb at even, just as had been enjoined by Moses.1246

    1246


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 9
    Ps. xxii. 16 (xxi. 17 in LXX.).

    and, “They put into my drink gall, and in my thirst they slaked me with vinegar;”1320

    1320


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 49
    Ver. 16 (17 in LXX.).

    —which is the peculiar atrocity of the cross; and again when He implores the aid of the Father, “Save me,” He says, “out of the mouth of the lion”—of course, of death—“and from the horn of the unicorns my humility,”1353

    1353


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xix Pg 10
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    which is the special cruelty of the cross.  And again, when He implores His Father’s help, He says, “Save me from the lion’s mouth,” that is, the jaws of death, “and my humiliation from the horns of the unicorns;” in other words, from the extremities of the cross, as we have shown above. Now, David himself did not suffer this cross, nor did any other king of the Jews; so that you cannot suppose that this is the prophecy of any other’s passion than His who alone was so notably crucified by the nation.  Now should the heretics, in their obstinacy,3364

    3364 Hæretica duritia.

    reject and despise all these interpretations, I will grant to them that the Creator has given us no signs of the cross of His Christ; but they will not prove from this concession that He who was crucified was another (Christ), unless they could somehow show that this death was predicted as His by their own god, so that from the diversity of predictions there might be maintained to be a diversity of sufferers,3365

    3365 Passionum, literally sufferings, which would hardly give the sense.

    and thereby also a diversity of persons.  But since there is no prophecy of even Marcion’s Christ, much less of his cross, it is enough for my Christ that there is a prophecy merely of death. For, from the fact that the kind of death is not declared, it was possible for the death of the cross to have been still intended, which would then have to be assigned to another (Christ), if the prophecy had had reference to another. Besides,3366

    3366 Nisi.

    if he should be unwilling to allow that the death of my Christ was predicted, his confusion must be the greater3367

    3367 Quo magis erubescat.

    if he announces that his own Christ indeed died, whom he denies to have had a nativity, whilst denying that my Christ is mortal, though he allows Him to be capable of birth. However, I will show him the death, and burial, and resurrection of my Christ all3368

    3368 Et—et—et.

    indicated in a single sentence of Isaiah, who says, “His sepulture was removed from the midst of them.” Now there could have been no sepulture without death, and no removal of sepulture except by resurrection. Then, finally, he added: “Therefore He shall have many for his inheritance, and He shall divide the spoil of the many, because He poured out His soul unto death.”3369

    3369


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 22
    Ps. xxii. 16.

    Indeed, the details of the whole event are therein read: “Dogs compassed me about; the assembly of the wicked enclosed me around. All that looked upon me laughed me to scorn; they did shoot out their lips and shake their heads, (saying,) He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him.”5141

    5141


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 23
    Ps. xxii. 16, 7, 8.

    Of what use now is (your tampering with) the testimony of His garments? If you take it as a booty for your false Christ, still all the Psalm (compensates) the vesture of Christ.5142

    5142 We append the original of these obscure sentences: “Quo jam testimonium vestimentorum? Habe falsi tui prædam; totus psalmus vestimenta sunt Christi.” The general sense is apparent. If Marcion does suppress the details about Christ’s garments at the cross, to escape the inconvenient proof they afford that Christ is the object of prophecies, yet there are so many other points of agreement between this wonderful Psalm and St. Luke’s history of the crucifixion (not expunged, as it would seem, by the heretic), that they quite compensate for the loss of this passage about the garments (Oehler).

    But, behold, the very elements are shaken. For their Lord was suffering. If, however, it was their enemy to whom all this injury was done, the heaven would have gleamed with light, the sun would have been even more radiant, and the day would have prolonged its course5143

    5143


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 18
    Ps. xxii. 16, 17 (xxi. 17, 18, in LXX.); and lxix. 21 (lxviii. 22 in LXX.).

    These things David did not suffer, so as to seem justly to have spoken of himself; but the Christ who was crucified.  Moreover, the “hands and feet,” are not “exterminated,”1397

    1397 i.e., displaced, dislocated.

    except His who is suspended on a “tree.”  Whence, again, David said that “the Lord would reign from the tree:”1398

    1398 See c. x. above.

    for elsewhere, too, the prophet predicts the fruit of this “tree,” saying “The earth hath given her blessings,”1399

    1399


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxl Pg 5
    Ezek. xiv. 18; 20.

    ‘But neither shall the father perish for the son, nor the son for the father; but every one for his own sin, and each shall be saved for his own righteousness.’2486

    2486


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxiv Pg 36
    Isa. xlix. 18.

    Accordingly the Spirit, admiring such as soar up to the celestial realms by these ascensions, says, “They fly, as if they were kites; they fly as clouds, and as young doves, unto me”3469

    3469


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xi Pg 25
    Isa. xlix. 18.

    This spouse Christ invites home to Himself also by Solomon from the call of the Gentiles, because you read: “Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse.”3834

    3834


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiii Pg 32
    Isa. xlix. 18.

    And yet again: “Thou seest these unknown and strange ones; and thou wilt say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these? But who hath brought me up these? And these, where have they been?”3934

    3934


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 143


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xxii Pg 34
    Jer. xxii. 24, 25.

    And again: “Jechoniah is dishonoured as a useless vessel, for he has been cast into a land which he knew not. Earth, hear the word of the Lord: Write this man a disinherited person; for none of his seed, sitting on the throne of David, shall prosper, or be a prince in Judah.”3733

    3733


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxv Pg 5
    Isa. lxiii. 15 to end, and Isa. lxiv.


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xlvii Pg 2
    Isa. lxiv. 10–12.

    And ye are convinced that Jerusalem has been laid waste, as was predicted. And concerning its desolation, and that no one should be permitted to inhabit it, there was the following prophecy by Isaiah: “Their land is desolate, their enemies consume it before them, and none of them shall dwell therein.”1865

    1865


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxv Pg 5
    Isa. lxiii. 15 to end, and Isa. lxiv.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 10.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 141.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxvii Pg 37
    Isa. xxviii. 14.

    and again, “They that demand you shall rule over you.”4610

    4610


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.iv Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxi Pg 8
    Isa. ii. 2, 3.

    The gospel will be this “way,” of the new law and the new word in Christ, no longer in Moses.  “And He shall judge among the nations,” even concerning their error. “And these shall rebuke a large nation,” that of the Jews themselves and their proselytes.  “And they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears3396

    3396 Sibynas, Σιβύνη· ὅπλον δόρατι παραπλήσιον. Hesychius, “Sibynam appellant Illyrii telum venabuli simile.” Paulus, ex Festo, p. 336, Müll. (Oehler.)

    into pruning-hooks;” in other words, they shall change into pursuits of moderation and peace the dispositions of injurious minds, and hostile tongues, and all kinds of evil, and blasphemy.  “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation,” shall not stir up discord. “Neither shall they learn war any more,”3397

    3397


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.iv Pg 12
    Isa. ii. 2 (Sept).

    “and in the last days I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh5332

    5332


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 14
    Isa. ii. 2, 3.

    —not of Esau, the former son, but of Jacob, the second; that is, of our “people,” whose “mount” is Christ, “præcised without concisors’ hands,1174

    1174


    Anf-03 vi.iii.ix Pg 4
    “Libere expeditus,” set free, and that without any conditions, such as Pharaoh had from time to time tried to impose. See Ex. viii. 25, 28; x. 10, 11, 24.

    escaped the violence of the Egyptian king by crossing over through water, it was water that extinguished8619

    8619 “Extinxit,” as it does fire.

    the king himself, with his entire forces.8620

    8620


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xviii Pg 4.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xviii Pg 7
    Ps. l. 9.

    Then, lest it might be supposed that He refused these things in His anger, He continues, giving him (man) counsel: “Offer unto God the sacrifice of praise, and pay thy vows to the Most High; and call upon Me in the day of thy trouble, and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify Me;”4013

    4013


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 4
    Ps. l. (in E. V.).

    Accordingly He neither takes sacrifices from you nor commanded them at first to be offered because they are needful to Him, but because of your sins. For indeed the temple, which is called the temple in Jerusalem, He admitted to be His house or court, not as though He needed it, but in order that you, in this view of it, giving yourselves to Him, might not worship idols. And that this is so, Isaiah says: ‘What house have ye built Me? saith the Lord. Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.’2004

    2004


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xviii Pg 9
    Isa. i. 11.

    And when He had repudiated holocausts, and sacrifices, and oblations, as likewise the new moons, and the sabbaths, and the festivals, and all the rest of the services accompanying these, He continues, exhorting them to what pertained to salvation: “Wash you, make you clean, take away wickedness from your hearts from before mine eyes: cease from your evil ways, learn to do well, seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow; and come, let us reason together, saith the Lord.”


    Anf-01 vi.ii.ii Pg 4
    Isa. i. 11–14, from the Sept., as is the case throughout. We have given the quotation as it stands in Cod. Sin.

    <index subject1="Law of Christ" title="138" id="vi.ii.ii-p4.2"/>He has therefore abolished these things, that the new law of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is without the yoke of necessity, might have a human oblation.1459

    1459 Thus in the Latin. The Greek reads, “might not have a man-made oblation.” The Latin text seems preferable, implying that, instead of the outward sacrifices of the law, there is now required a dedication of man himself. Hilgenfeld follows the Greek.

    And again He says to them, “Did I command your fathers, when they went out from the land of Egypt, to offer unto Me burnt-offerings and sacrifices? But this rather I commanded them, Let no one of you cherish any evil in his heart against his neighbour, and love not an oath of falsehood.”1460

    1460


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xviii Pg 5.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 116.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 27.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.v Pg 14
    Comp. Isa. i. 11–14, especially in the LXX.

    for “from the rising sun unto the setting, my Name hath been made famous among all the nations, saith the Lord.”1209

    1209


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxii Pg 12
    Isa. i. 11.

    —He meant nothing else than this to be understood, that He had never really required such homage for Himself. For He says, “I will not eat the flesh of bulls;”2973

    2973


    Anf-03 iv.ix.v Pg 12
    Isa. i. 11.

    —so spiritual sacrifices are predicted1207

    1207 Or, “foretold.”

    as accepted, as the prophets announce.  For, “even if ye shall have brought me,” He says, “the finest wheat flour, it is a vain supplicatory gift: a thing execrable to me;” and again He says, “Your holocausts and sacrifices, and the fat of goats, and blood of bulls, I will not, not even if ye come to be seen by me: for who hath required these things from your hands?”1208

    1208


    Anf-03 vi.iv.xxviii Pg 4
    Isa. i. 11. See the LXX.

    What, then, God has required the Gospel teaches.  “An hour will come,” saith He, “when the true adorers shall adore the Father in spirit and truth. For God is a Spirit, and accordingly requires His adorers to be such.”8938

    8938


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xviii Pg 11
    Isa. i. 11, 12.

    But he should see herein a careful provision2921

    2921 Industriam.

    on God’s part, which showed His wish to bind to His own religion a people who were prone to idolatry and transgression by that kind of services wherein consisted the superstition of that period; that He might call them away therefrom, while requesting it to be performed to Himself, as if He desired that no sin should be committed in making idols.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxii Pg 18
    See Isa. i. 11–14.

    By calling them yours, as having been performed2979

    2979 Fecerat seems the better reading: q.d. “which he had performed,” etc. Oehler reads fecerant.

    after the giver’s own will, and not according to the religion of God (since he displayed them as his own, and not as God’s), the Almighty in this passage, demonstrated how suitable to the conditions of the case, and how reasonable, was His rejection of those very offerings which He had commanded to be made to Him.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 9
    Isa. i. 15.

    and again, “Woe! sinful nation; a people full of sins; wicked sons; ye have quite forsaken God, and have provoked unto indignation the Holy One of Israel.”1169

    1169


    Anf-03 vi.iv.xiv Pg 5
    Isa. i. 15.

    for fear Christ should utterly shudder.  We, however, not only raise, but even expand them; and, taking our model from the Lord’s passion8849

    8849 i.e. from the expansion of the hands on the cross.

    even in prayer we confess8850

    8850 Or, “give praise.”

    to Christ.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxii Pg 3
    Jer. vii. 21 f.

    And again by David, in the forty-ninth Psalm, He thus said: ‘The God of gods, the Lord hath spoken, and called the earth, from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof. Out of Zion is the perfection of His beauty. God, even our God, shall come openly, and shall not keep silence. Fire shall burn before Him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about Him. He shall call to the heavens above, and to the earth, that He may judge His people. Assemble to Him His saints; those that have made a covenant with Him by sacrifices. And the heavens shall declare His righteousness, for God is judge. Hear, O My people, and I will speak to thee; O Israel, and I will testify to thee, I am God, even thy God. I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices; thy burnt-offerings are continually before me. I will take no bullocks out of thy house, nor he-goats out of thy folds: for all the beasts of the field are Mine, the herds and the oxen on the mountains. I know all the fowls of the heavens, and the beauty of the field is Mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee; for the world is Mine, and the fulness thereof. Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? Offer unto God the sacrifice of praise, and pay thy vows unto the Most High, and call upon Me in the day of trouble, and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify Me. But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare My statutes, and to take My covenant into thy mouth? But thou hast hated instruction, and cast My words behind thee. When thou sawest a thief, thou consentedst with him; and hast been partaker with the adulterer. Thy mouth has framed evil, and thy tongue has enfolded deceit. Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother; thou slanderest thine own mother’s son. These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I would be like thyself in wickedness. I will reprove thee, and set thy sins in order before thine eyes. Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest He tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver. The sacrifice of praise shall glorify Me; and there is the way in which I shall show him My salvation.’2003

    2003


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xviii Pg 15
    Jer. vii. 21.

    And again, when He declares by the same man, “But let him that glorieth, glory in this, to understand and know that I am the Lord, who doth exercise loving-kindness, and righteousness, and judgment in the earth;”4019

    4019


    Anf-01 vi.ii.ii Pg 6
    Jer. vii. 22; Zech. viii. 17.

    We ought therefore, being possessed of understanding, to perceive the gracious intention of our Father; for He speaks to us, desirous that we, not1461

    1461


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 39.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 45.1


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxxv Pg 16
    Jer. xxxi. 10, etc.

    Now, in the preceding book4760

    4760 See. iv. 8, 3.

    I have shown that all the disciples of the Lord are Levites and priests, they who used in the temple to profane the Sabbath, but are blameless.4761

    4761


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xxxix Pg 2
    Isa. ii. 3.

    And that it did so come to pass, we can convince you. <index subject1="Apostles" title="175" id="viii.ii.xxxix-p2.2"/>For from Jerusalem there went out into the world, men, twelve in number, and these illiterate, of no ability in speaking: but by the power of God they proclaimed to every race of men that they were sent by Christ to teach to all the word of God; and we who formerly used to murder one another do not only now refrain from making war upon our enemies, but also, that we may not lie nor deceive our examiners, willingly die confessing Christ. For that saying, “The tongue has sworn but the mind is unsworn,”1850

    1850 Eurip., Hipp., 608.

    might be imitated by us in this matter. But if the soldiers enrolled by you, and who have taken the military oath, prefer their allegiance to their own life, and parents, and country, and all kindred, though you can offer them nothing incorruptible, it were verily ridiculous if we, who earnestly long for incorruption, should not endure all things, in order to obtain what we desire from Him who is able to grant it.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxv Pg 10
    Isa. ii. 3, 4; Mic. iv. 2, 3.

    If therefore another law and word, going forth from Jerusalem, brought in such a [reign of] peace among the Gentiles which received it (the word), and convinced, through them, many a nation of its folly, then [only] it appears that the prophets spake of some other person. But if the law of liberty, that is, the word of God, preached by the apostles (who went forth from Jerusalem) throughout all the earth, caused such a change in the state of things, that these [nations] did form the swords and war-lances into ploughshares, and changed them into pruning-hooks for reaping the corn, [that is], into instruments used for peaceful purposes, and that they are now unaccustomed to fighting, but when smitten, offer also the other cheek,4347

    4347


    Anf-02 vi.ii.i Pg 6.1
    1449 This sentence is entirely omitted in the Latin.

    I am therefore persuaded of this, and fully convinced in my own mind, that since I began to speak among you I understand many things, because the Lord hath accompanied me in the way of righteousness. <index subject1="Love" subject2="to God" title="137" id="vi.ii.i-p7.1"/>I am also on this account bound1450

    1450 The Latin text is here quite different, and seems evidently corrupt. We have followed the Cod. Sin., as does Hilgenfeld.

    by the strictest obligation to love you above my own soul, because great are the faith and love dwelling in you, while you hope for the life which He has promised.1451

    1451 Literally, “in the hope of His life.”

    <index subject1="Knowledge" title="137" id="vi.ii.i-p9.1"/>Considering this, therefore, that if I should take the trouble to communicate to you some portion of what I have myself received, it will prove to me a sufficient reward that I minister to such spirits, I have hastened briefly to write unto you, in order that, along with your faith, ye might have perfect knowledge. The doctrines of the Lord, then, are three:1452

    1452 The Greek is here totally unintelligible: it seems impossible either to punctuate or construe it. We may attempt to represent it as follows: “The doctrines of the Lord, then, are three: Life, Faith, and Hope, our beginning and end; and Righteousness, the beginning and the end of judgment; Love and Joy and the Testimony of gladness for works of righteousness.” We have followed the ancient Latin text, which Hilgenfeld also adopts, though Weitzäcker and others prefer the Greek.

    the hope of life, the beginning and the completion of it. For the Lord hath made known to us by the prophets both the things which are past and present, giving us also the first-fruits of the knowledge1453

    1453 Instead of “knowledge” (


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 14
    Isa. ii. 2, 3.

    —not of Esau, the former son, but of Jacob, the second; that is, of our “people,” whose “mount” is Christ, “præcised without concisors’ hands,1174

    1174


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxi Pg 8
    Isa. ii. 2, 3.

    The gospel will be this “way,” of the new law and the new word in Christ, no longer in Moses.  “And He shall judge among the nations,” even concerning their error. “And these shall rebuke a large nation,” that of the Jews themselves and their proselytes.  “And they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears3396

    3396 Sibynas, Σιβύνη· ὅπλον δόρατι παραπλήσιον. Hesychius, “Sibynam appellant Illyrii telum venabuli simile.” Paulus, ex Festo, p. 336, Müll. (Oehler.)

    into pruning-hooks;” in other words, they shall change into pursuits of moderation and peace the dispositions of injurious minds, and hostile tongues, and all kinds of evil, and blasphemy.  “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation,” shall not stir up discord. “Neither shall they learn war any more,”3397

    3397


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.iv Pg 17
    Isa. ii. 3.

    and “that we might receive the adoption of sons,”5337

    5337


    Anf-03 iv.xi.iii Pg 14
    Isa. ii. 3.

    rather than from Greece. Christ made a mistake, too, in sending forth fishermen to preach, rather than the sophist. Whatever noxious vapours, accordingly, exhaled from philosophy, obscure the clear and wholesome atmosphere of truth, it will be for Christians to clear away, both by shattering to pieces the arguments which are drawn from the principles of things—I mean those of the philosophers—and by opposing to them the maxims of heavenly wisdom—that is, such as are revealed by the Lord; in order that both the pitfalls wherewith philosophy captivates the heathen may be removed, and the means employed by heresy to shake the faith of Christians may be repressed. We have already decided one point in our controversy with Hermogenes, as we said at the beginning of this treatise, when we claimed the soul to be formed by the breathing1519

    1519 Flatu.

    of God, and not out of matter. We relied even there on the clear direction of the inspired statement which informs us how that “the Lord God breathed on man’s face the breath of life, so that man became a living soul1520

    1520


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.i Pg 17
    Isa. ii. 3.

    —some other law, that is, and another word. In short, says he, “He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people;”3492

    3492


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 17
    Isa. ii. 3, 4.

    Who else, therefore, are understood but we, who, fully taught by the new law, observe these practices,—the old law being obliterated, the coming of whose abolition the action itself1177

    1177 i.e., of beating swords into ploughs, etc.

    demonstrates? For the wont of the old law was to avenge itself by the vengeance of the glaive, and to pluck out “eye for eye,” and to inflict retaliatory revenge for injury.1178

    1178


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.iv Pg 4.1


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxiii Pg 6
    Isa. v. 12.

    But, according to the language [used by the prophet], they ought to be combined, and the day of retribution to follow the [acceptable] year. For the words are, “to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of retribution.” This present time, therefore, in which men are called and saved by the Lord, is properly understood to be denoted by “the acceptable year of the Lord;” and there follows on this “the day of retribution,” that is, the judgment. And the time thus referred to is not called “a year” only, but is also named “a day” both by the prophet and by Paul, of whom the apostle, calling to mind the Scripture, says in the Epistle addressed to the Romans, “As it is written, for thy sake we are killed all the day long, we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.”3125

    3125


    Anf-01 ix.vi.iii Pg 15
    Isa. v. 12.

    Lest, therefore, we should incur the same punishment as these men, the Lord reveals [to us] their end; showing at the same time, that if they obeyed Moses and the prophets, they would believe in Him whom these had preached, the Son of God, who rose from the dead, and bestows life upon us; and He shows that all are from one essence, that is, Abraham, and Moses, and the prophets, and also the Lord Himself, who rose from the dead, in whom many believe who are of the circumcision, who do also hear Moses and the prophets announcing the coming of the Son of God. But those who scoff [at the truth] assert that these men were from another essence, and they do not know the first-begotten from the dead; understanding Christ as a distinct being, who continued as if He were impassible, and Jesus, who suffered, as being altogether separate [from Him].


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xviii Pg 27
    Isa. v. 11, 12.

    Now, when I find to what God belong these precepts, whether in their germ or their development, I have no difficulty in knowing to whom the apostle also belongs.  But he declares that “wives ought to be in subjection to their husbands:”6028

    6028


    Anf-03 iv.vi.ix Pg 4
    Isa. v. 12.

    would have added “with crowns,” if this practice had ever had place in the things of God.

    Edersheim Bible History

    Lifetimes xi.ix Pg 285.1


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 11

    VERSE 	(3) - 

    Eze 7:7; 12:22,27 Isa 5:19 Jer 1:11,12 Am 6:5 2Pe 3:4


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

    God Rules.NET