SEV Biblia, Chapter 17:18 Llevarás asimismo estos diez quesos de leche al capitán de los mil, y cuida de ver si tus hermanos están buenos, y toma prendas de ellos.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 17:18 Verse 18. Carry these ten cheeses] Cheeses of milk, says the margin. In the East they do not make what we call cheese: they press the milk but slightly, and carry it in rush baskets. It is highly salted, and little different from curds.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 18. And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand , etc.] Their chiliarch or colonel, who had the command of 1000 men, and under whom Jesse’s sons fought; Jarchi thinks this was Jonathan, who had 1000 men with him at Gibeah, and so now, ( 1 Samuel 13:2), these cheeses were sent by Jesse to the captain, to be distributed among his men, or a present to himself, that he might use his sons well who were under his command: and look how thy brethren fare ; whether in good health, in good spirits, and in safety: and take their pledge ; that is, if they had been obliged for want of money to pawn any of their clothes, or what they had with them to buy food with, that he would redeem and take up the pledge, by paying the money for which they were pawned; for it is thought that soldiers at this time were not maintained at the expense of the king and government, but at their own, and the families to which they belonged: though some are of opinion that this was some token which they had sent by a messenger to their father, by which he might know he came from them, so Ben Gersom; and which David was now to take with him, and return it; or a token that he was to bring from them, whereby he might be assured of their welfare; and so the Targum, “and bring their goodness”, a token of their being in good health. The Jews understand it of bills of divorce to be given to their wives, that if they should die in battle, or be taken captive, that their wives might marry after three years.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 12-30 - Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critica juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serv his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, ever degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to ventur more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride an ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, an constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not rende railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother' wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than tha of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must no think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends slights and suspicions.
Original Hebrew ואת 853 עשׂרת 6235 חרצי 2757 החלב 2461 האלה 428 תביא 935 לשׂר 8269 האלף 505 ואת 853 אחיך 251 תפקד 6485 לשׁלום 7965 ואת 853 ערבתם 6161 תקח׃ 3947