SEV Biblia, Chapter 14:1 Â¶ Y un día aconteció, que Jonatán hijo de Saúl dijo a su criado que le traía las armas: Ven, y pasemos a la guarnición de los filisteos, que está a aquel lado. Y no lo hizo saber a su padre.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 14:1 Verse 1. Come, and let us go over] This action of Jonathan was totally contrary to the laws of war; no military operation should be undertaken without the knowledge and command of the general. But it is likely that he was led to this by a Divine influence.
The armour-bearer is the origin of what we call esquire, from escu, old French, a shield; armiger is the Latin, from arma, weapons, and gero, I bear.
In the times of chivalry, the armiger, or esquire, was the servant of the knight who went after him, and carried his lance, shield, &c. It is now (strange to tell!) a title of honour.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. Now it came to pass upon a day , etc.] At a certain time, a little after the garrison of the Philistines had made the movement, ( 1 Samuel 13:23) and it is not to be taken strictly for the day time; for it is probable it was in the night that the following proposal was made, and began to be carried into execution; for Josephus says it was day light when Jonathan and his armourbearer came to the camp of the Philistines; he had formed his scheme perhaps the night before, and he and his man set out in the night time, and by break of day came up to the garrison, as after related: that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour ; as was usual in those times for generals of armies to have such, and so in later times; such were Automedon to Achilles, and Achates to Aeneas, as Grotius observes: come and let us go over to the Philistine garrison that is on the other side ; that is, go over the valley which lay between Michmash and Gibeah, to the Philistines, that lay on the other side the valley beyond it; and so was not in it, but at a pass on the hills, at the bottom of which this valley lay, and could be seen at a distance, and pointed at with the finger, as Jarchi notes: but he told not his father ; lest he should disapprove of his project, and hinder him from pursuing it; and had not his spirit been stirred up to this by the Lord, of which he was fully persuaded, he would have acted not only a rash part, but contrary to military discipline, in engaging in an enterprise without the knowledge and direction of his general; unless we can suppose he had all unlimited commission from his father to attack the enemy, at discretion, at any time, and any where.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-15 - Saul seems to have been quite at a loss, and unable to help himself Those can never think themselves safe who see themselves out of God' protection. Now he sent for a priest and the ark. He hopes to make u matters with the Almighty by a partial reformation, as many do whose hearts are unhumbled and unchanged. Many love to have ministers wh prophesy smooth things to them. Jonathan felt a Divine impulse an impression, putting him upon this bold adventure. God will direct the steps of those that acknowledge him in all their ways, and seek to his for direction, with full purpose of heart to follow his guidance Sometimes we find most comfort in that which is least our own doing and into which we have been led by the unexpected but well-observe turns of Divine providence. There was trembling in the host. It is called a trembling of God, signifying, not only a great trembling the could not resist, nor reason themselves out of, but that it came a once from the hand of God. He that made the heart, knows how to make it tremble.
Original Hebrew ויהי 1961 היום 3117 ויאמר 559 יונתן 3129 בן 1121 שׁאול 7586 אל 413 הנער 5288 נשׂא 5375 כליו 3627 לכה 1980 ונעברה 5674 אל 413 מצב 4673 פלשׁתים 6430 אשׁר 834 מעבר 5676 הלז 1975 ולאביו 1 לא 3808 הגיד׃ 5046