SEV Biblia, Chapter 7:3 y les dije: No se abran las puertas de Jerusalén hasta que caliente el sol; y aun con los guardas presentes, cierren las puertas, y atrancad. Y señalé guardas de los moradores de Jerusalén, cada cual en su guardia, y cada uno delante de su casa.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Nehemiah 7:3 Verse 3. Until the sun be hot] The meaning of this is, the gates were not to be opened before sunrise, and always shut at sunset. This is the custom to the present day in many of the cities of the East if a traveler arrives after sunset, he finds the gates shut; and on no consideration will they open them till the next morning, so that those who come late are obliged to lodge in the plain, or under the walls.
Every one-over against his house.] Each was obliged to guard that part of the wall that was opposite to his own dwelling.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 3. And I said unto them, let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot , etc.] Or until the heat of the day, or near noon; at least not till the sun had been up some time, and shone out clearly, and caused much heat; that if any enemies were near, or lying in wait, they might be discovered, and the inhabitants also up and ready to defend themselves: and while they stand by ; according to Aben Ezra, Hanani and Hananiah were to be present at the opening and shutting of the gates, and so Grotius; but these being the chief rulers, it is not likely; but rather those whom they appointed to look after them, these were to stand by while their servants did it; they were not to leave it wholly to them, but to see it done themselves: let them shut the doors, and bar them ; or “lay hold” on them, handle them to see whether they are shut fast or not: and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, everyone in his watch, and everyone to be over against his house ; no foreigners were to be of the watch, only inhabitants, and those everyone in their turn, and to be placed over against where they dwelt; and so it might be thought would be the more careful and diligent in their watch.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-4 - Nehemiah, having finished the wall, returned to the Persian court, an came to Jerusalem again with a new commission. The public safet depends on every one's care to guard himself and his family agains sin.
Original Hebrew ויאמר 559 להם לא 3808 יפתחו 6605 שׁערי 8179 ירושׁלם 3389 עד 5704 חם 2527 השׁמשׁ 8121 ועד 5704 הם 1992 עמדים 5975 יגיפו 1479 הדלתות 1817 ואחזו 270 והעמיד 5975 משׁמרות 4931 ישׁבי 3427 ירושׁלם 3389 אישׁ 376 במשׁמרו 4929 ואישׁ 376 נגד 5048 ביתו׃ 1004