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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 2:13

    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25




    King James Bible - 1 Peter 2:13

    Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;

    World English Bible

    Therefore subject yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's
    sake: whether to the king, as supreme;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 2:13

    Be ye subject therefore to every
    human creature for God's sake: whether it be to the king as excelling;

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's
    sake: whether to the king, as supreme;

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5293 5649 ουν 3767 παση 3956 ανθρωπινη 442 κτισει 2937 δια 1223 τον 3588 κυριον 2962 ειτε 1535 βασιλει 935 ως 5613 υπερεχοντι 5242 5723

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (13) -
    Pr 17:11; 24:21 Jer 29:7 Mt 22:21 Mr 12:17 Lu 20:25 Ro 13:1-7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:13

    ¶ Sed pues sujetos a toda ordenacin humana por Dios, ya sea a rey, como a superior,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 2:13

    Verse 13. Submit yourselves to every
    ordinance of man] In every settled state, and under every form of political government, where the laws are not in opposition to the laws of God, it may be very soundly and rationally said: "Genuine Christians have nothing to do with the laws but to obey them." Society and civil security are in a most dangerous state when the people take it into their heads that they have a right to remodel and change the laws. See the whole of this subject fully handled in the notes on Rom. xiii. 1, &c., to which I beg every reader, who may wish to know the political sentiments of this work, to have recourse.

    The words pash anqrwpinh ktisei literally signify, not every ordinance of man, but every human creature; yet ktizein signifies sometimes to arrange, order, as well as to create, and therefore our translation may do: but as the apostle is evidently speaking here of magistracy, or legislative authority, and as the appointment of magistrates was termed a creating of them, it is better to understand the words thus, All the constituted authorities. So, Decem tribunos plebis per pontificem creaverunt; Cor. Nep. "They created ten tribunes of the plebeians, by the high priest." Carthagine quotannis annui bini reges creabantur; Caesar. "They created two kings every year at Carthage." Consules creantur Caesar et Servilius; Sallust. "Caesar and Servilius are created consuls." Creare ducem gerendo bello. "To create a general to conduct the war." The meaning of St. Peter appears to be this: the Jews thought it unlawful to obey any ruler that was not of their own stock; the apostle tells them they should obey the civil magistrate, let him be of what stock he may, whether a Jew or a Gentile, and let him exercise the government in whatsoever form. This is the general proposition: and then he instances emperors and their deputies; and, far from its being unlawful for them to obey a heathen magistrate, they were to do it for the Lord's sake, dia ton kurion, on account of the Lord, whose will it was, and who commanded it.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man , etc.] Or, to every human creation, or creature; not to all the sons of men, as the Syriac version renders it; or to all the individuals of mankind; for there are some that are in such stations and circumstances, that they are not to be submitted to, but to be ruled over, and governed: so kings are not to submit to their subjects, nor are parents to be subject to their children, nor husbands to their wives, nor masters to their servants, which would be preposterous; but submission is limited and restrained to persons in such a place and situation: the human creature, or creation, here designs the Gentiles, who are elsewhere called the creature, the whole creation, every creature, and every creature under heaven, ( Romans 8:19-22 Mark 16:15 Colossians 1:23) and particularly Heathen magistrates, styled creation, or creature: not as men, for all men, as such, are creatures; but as magistrates, being created, constituted, and appointed such, and installed into, and invested with such an office: and human; not only because they were men, and were taken out from among men that bore the office of magistrates, and governed over men, and were for the good and advantage of mankind, but because they were created and placed in such a station by men; though government itself is of God, is a divine institution, yet this and that particular form of government is of man; and especially the forms of government among the Gentiles were human; and are here so called, in distinction from the form of government among the Jews, which was a theocracy, and was divine; wherefore the Jews, and so these converted ones, scrupled yielding obedience to Heathen magistrates; on which account they were spoken against, as evildoers; hence the apostle, in the first place, and as a principal part of their honest conversation among the Gentiles, exhorts them to submission to civil magistrates, though they were creatures of men; and to everyone of them, though a Gentile, an unbeliever, and a wicked man: and this he urges, for the Lord's sake ; for the sake of Christ Jesus the Lord, because of his command, who ordered to give to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and in imitation of him, who paid tribute to whom tribute was due; and for the sake of his honour and glory, who was ill thought and spoken of by the Gentiles, because of the disregard of the converted Jews to their magistrates; and which served to prejudice them against Christ and his Gospel: the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions, read, for God's sake; because civil government is of God; magistracy is of divine appointment; the powers that he are ordained of God, though this or the other form is of man's prescription: it is the command of God that magistrates should be obeyed; and it makes for his glory, as well as for the good of men, when they are submitted to in things that do not contradict the revealed will of God; for otherwise, not man, but God, is to be obeyed: whether it be to the king ; to Caesar, the Roman emperor; and the then reigning one seems to be Nero, who, though a wicked man, was to be submitted to in things civil and lawful; and it holds good of any other king that has the supreme government of a nation: the Syriac version reads it in the plural number, to kings; and though the name of king was odious to the Romans, from the times of Tarquin, nor did they call their chief governor, or governors, by this name, yet other nations did; (see John 19:15) and subjection was to be yielded to him, as supreme; for the sake, and in consideration of his being in so high and exalted a station, having the supreme power and government of the people in his hands. The Syriac version renders it, because of their power; and the Arabic version, because of his power; and the Ethiopic version, because all things are his; the Roman emperors were absolute monarchs; (see Romans 13:1).

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 13-17 - A
    Christian conversation must be honest; which it cannot be, if ther is not a just and careful discharge of all relative duties: the apostl here treats of these distinctly. Regard to those duties is the will of God, consequently, the Christian's duty, and the way to silence the base slanders of ignorant and foolish men. Christians must endeavour in all relations, to behave aright, that they do not make their libert a cloak or covering for any wickedness, or for the neglect of duty; but they must remember that they are servants of God.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5293 5649 ουν 3767 παση 3956 ανθρωπινη 442 κτισει 2937 δια 1223 τον 3588 κυριον 2962 ειτε 1535 βασιλει 935 ως 5613 υπερεχοντι 5242 5723

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    13. Submit yourselves (upotaghte). Rev., be subject. See
    Rom. xiii. 1 sq.

    Ordinance of man (anqrwpinh ktisei). Lit., to every human creation or institution. Rev., creation, in margin.

    King. The emperor, styled king by Greek writers.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25


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