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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 2:8


    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25

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    King James Bible - 1 Peter 2:8

    And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

    World English Bible

    and, "a stone of stumbling, and a
    rock of offense." For they stumble at the word, being disobedient, to which also they were appointed.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 2:8

    And a stone of stumbling, and a
    rock of scandal, to them who stumble at the word, neither do believe, whereunto also they are set.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And a stone of stumbling, and a
    rock of offense, even to them who stumble at the word, being disobedient: to which also they were appointed.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 λιθος 3037 προσκομματος 4348 και 2532 πετρα 4073 σκανδαλου 4625 οι 3739 προσκοπτουσιν 4350 5719 τω 3588 λογω 3056 απειθουντες 544 5723 εις 1519 ο 3739 και 2532 ετεθησαν 5087 5681

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    Isa 8:14; 57:14 Lu 2:34 Ro 9:32,33 1Co 1:23 2Co 2:16

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:8

    Y: Piedra de tropiezo, y piedra de escndalo, a aquellos que tropiezan en la Palabra, y no creen en aquello para lo cual fueron ordenados.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 2:8

    Verse 8. A
    stone of stumbling] Because in him all Jews and Gentiles who believe are united; and because the latter were admitted into the Church, and called by the Gospel to enjoy the same privileges which the Jews, as the peculiar people of God, had enjoyed for two thousand years before; therefore they rejected the Christian religion, they would have no partakers with themselves in the salvation of God. This was the true cause why the Jews rejected the Gospel; and they rejected Christ because he did not come as a secular prince. In the one case he was a stone of stumbling - he was poor, and affected no worldly pomp; in the other he was a rock of offense, for his Gospel called the Gentiles to be a peculiar people whom the Jews believed to be everlastingly reprobated, and utterly incapable of any spiritual good.

    Whereunto also they were appointed.] Some good critics read the verse thus, carrying on the sense from the preceding: Also a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense: The disobedient stumble against the word, (or doctrine,) to which verily they were appointed. - Macknight.

    Mr. Wakefield, leaving out, with the Syriac, the clause, The stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, reads ver. 7, 8 thus: To you therefore who trust thereon, this stone is honourable; but to those who are not persuaded, (apeiqousi,) it is a stone to strike upon and to stumble against, at which they stumble who believe not the word; and unto this indeed they were appointed; that is, they who believe not the word were appointed to stumble and fall by it, not to disbelieve it; for the word of the Lord is either a savour of life unto life, or death unto death, to all them that hear it, according as they receive it by faith, or reject it by unbelief. The phrase tiqenai tina eiv ti is very frequent among the purest Greek writers, and signifies to attribute any thing to another, or to speak a thing of them; of which Kypke gives several examples from Plutarch; and paraphrases the words thus: This stumbling and offense, particularly of the Jews, against Christ, the corner stone, was long ago asserted and predicted by the prophets, by Christ, and by others; compare Isa. viii. 14, 15; Matt. xxi. 42, 44; Luke ii. 34; and Rom. ix. 32, 33. Now this interpretation of Kypke is the more likely, because it is evident that St. Peter refers to Isa. viii. 14, 15: And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, &c. The disobedient, therefore, being appointed to stumble against the word, or being prophesied of as persons that should stumble, necessarily means, from the connection in which it stands, and from the passage in the prophet, that their stumbling, falling, and being broken, is the consequence of their disobedience or unbelief; but there is no intimation that they were appointed or decreed to disobey, that they might stumble, and fall, and be broken. They stumbled and fell through their obstinate unbelief; and thus their stumbling and falling, as well as their unbelief, were of themselves, in consequence of this they were appointed to be broken; this was God's work of judgment. This seems to be the meaning which our Lord attaches to this very prophecy, which he quotes against the chief priests and elders, Matt. xxi. 44. On the whole of these passages, see the notes on Matt. xxi. 42-44.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 8. And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence , etc.] The apostle alludes to ( Isaiah 8:14) and which is a prophecy of the Messiah; (see Gill on Romans 9:33) and had its accomplishment in the unbelieving and disobedient Jews; who stumbled at his birth and parentage; at the manner of his birth, being born of a virgin; at the meanness of his parents, his supposed father being a carpenter, and his mother, Mary, a poor woman, when they expected the Messiah would have sprung from some rich and noble family; and at the place of his birth, which they imagined was Galilee, from his education and conversation there; they stumbled also at his education, and could not conceive how he should know letters, and from whence he should have his wisdom, having never been trained up in any of their schools and academies, or at the feet of any of their doctors and Rabbins; but, on the other hand, was brought up and employed in the trade of a carpenter; they stumbled at his outward meanness and poverty, when they expected the Messiah would be a rich, powerful, and glorious monarch; and so at the obscurity of his kingdom, which was not of this world, and came not with observation, when they dreamt of an earthly and temporal one, which should be set up in great splendour and glory; and they stumbled likewise at the company he kept, and the audience that attended him, being the poorer sort of the people, and the more illiterate, and also such who had been very profane and wicked, as publicans and harlots; moreover, they stumbled at his ministry, at the doctrine he preached, particularly at the doctrine of his divinity, and of spiritual communion with him, by eating his flesh, and drinking his blood, and at the doctrines of distinguishing grace; and so at his miracles, by which he confirmed his mission and ministry, some of these being wrought on the sabbath day, and others they imputed to diabolical influence and assistance, in a word, they stumbled at his death, having imbibed a notion that Christ abideth for ever, and especially at the manner of it, the death of the cross; wherefore the preaching of Christ crucified always was, and still is, a stumbling block unto them: even to them which stumble at the word ; either the essential Word, Christ Jesus, as before; or rather at the doctrine of the Gospel, at that part of it which respects a trinity of persons in the Godhead; because their carnal reason could not comprehend it, and they refused to submit to revelation, and to receive the witness of God, which is greater than that of men; and at that part of it which regards the deity of Christ, and that for this reason, because he was a man, and in order to enervate the efficacy of his blood, righteousness, and sacrifice, and fearing too much honour should be given to him; and also at that part of the word which concerns the distinguishing grace of God, as eternal personal election, particular redemption, and efficacious grace in conversion; against which the carnal mind of man is continually cavilling and replying, and, in so doing, against God himself, charging him with cruelty, injustice, and insincerity; and particularly at that part of the word which holds forth the doctrine of free justification, by the righteousness of Christ; this was the grand stumbling block of the Jews, who sought for righteousness, not by faith, but, as it were, by the works of the law, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and of the spirituality of the law, and of themselves, and their own righteousness, of which they had an overweening opinion: being disobedient ; to the Gospel revelation, and unwilling to submit their carnal reason to it; this is the source and cause of their stumbling at Christ and his Gospel: it is worth while to compare this with the paraphrase of ( Isaiah 8:14) which passage is here referred to; and the paraphrase of it runs thus; if ye obey not, his word shall be among you for revenge, and for a stone smiting, and for a rock of offence to both houses of the princes of Israel, and for destruction and offence to those who are divided upon the house of Judah, etc. whereunto also they were appointed ; both to stumble at the word of the Gospel, and at Christ, the sum and substance of it, he being set in the counsel and purpose of God, as for the rising of some, so for the stumbling and falling of others; and also to that disobedience and infidelity which was the cause of their stumbling; for as there are some whom God appointed and foreordained to believe in Christ, on whom he has determined to bestow true faith in him, and who have it as a pure gift, in consequence of such appointment; so there are others, whom he has determined to leave in that disobedience and infidelity into which the fall brought and concluded them, through which they stumble at Christ, and his word, and, in consequence thereof, justly perish; but this is not the case of all; there are some who are the objects of distinguishing grace and favour, and who are described in the following verse.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-10 - Evil-speaking is a sign of
    malice and guile in the heart; and hinder our profiting by the word of God. A new life needs suitable food Infants desire milk, and make the best endeavours for it which they ar able to do; such must be a Christian's desires after the word of God Our Lord Jesus Christ is very merciful to us miserable sinners; and he has a fulness of grace. But even the best of God's servants, in thi life, have only a taste of the consolations of God. Christ is called Stone, to teach his servants that he is their protection and security the foundation on which they are built. He is precious in the excellence of his nature, the dignity of his office, and the glory of his services. All true believers are a holy priesthood; sacred to God serviceable to others, endowed with heavenly gifts and graces. But the most spiritual sacrifices of the best in prayer and praise are no acceptable, except through Jesus Christ. Christ is the chie Corner-stone, that unites the whole number of believers into on everlasting temple, and bears the weight of the whole fabric. Elected or chosen, for a foundation that is everlasting. Precious beyon compare, by all that can give worth. To be built on Christ means, to believe in him; but in this many deceive themselves, they consider no what it is, nor the necessity of it, to partake of the salvation he ha wrought. Though the frame of the world were falling to pieces, that ma who is built on this foundation may hear it without fear. He shall no be confounded. The believing soul makes haste to Christ, but it neve finds cause to hasten from him. All true Christians are a chose generation; they make one family, a people distinct from the world: of another spirit, principle, and practice; which they could never be, i they were not chosen in Christ to be such, and sanctified by his Spirit. Their first state is a state of gross darkness, but they ar called out of darkness into a state of joy, pleasure, and prosperity that they should show forth the praises of the Lord by their professio of his truth, and their good conduct. How vast their obligations to Hi who has made them his people, and has shown mercy to them! to be without this mercy is a woful state, though a man have all worldl enjoyments. And there is nothing that so kindly works repentance, a right thoughts of the mercy and love of God. Let us not dare to abus and affront the free grace of God, if we mean to be saved by it; but let all who would be found among those who obtain mercy, walk as his people.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    υμεις
    5210 P-2NP δε 1161 CONJ γενος 1085 N-NSN εκλεκτον 1588 A-NSN βασιλειον 934 A-NSN ιερατευμα 2406 N-NSN εθνος 1484 N-NSN αγιον 40 A-NSN λαος 2992 N-NSM εις 1519 PREP περιποιησιν 4047 N-ASF οπως 3704 ADV τας 3588 T-APF αρετας 703 N-APF εξαγγειλητε 1804 5661 V-AAS-2P του 3588 T-GSM εκ 1537 PREP σκοτους 4655 N-GSN υμας 5209 P-2AP καλεσαντος 2564 5660 V-AAP-GSM εις 1519 PREP το 3588 T-ASN θαυμαστον 2298 A-ASN αυτου 846 P-GSM φως 5457 N-ASN


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25

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